KEGG   DRUG: D00701Help
Entry
D00701                      Drug                                   

Name
Phenobarbital sodium (JAN/USP/INN);
Luminal sodium (TN)
Product
  Other
Formula
C12H11N2O3. Na
Exact mass
254.0667
Mol weight
254.2171
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB searchJmolKegDraw
Activity
Anticonvulsant;
Sedative-hypnotic
Remark
Therapeutic category: 
ATC code: 
Comment
Barbiturates
Target
GABAA-receptor (picrotoxin binding site) agonist [HSA:2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 55879] [KO:K05175 K05181 K05184 K05185 K05186 K05189 K05192]
  Pathway
hsa04080  Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
hsa04727  GABAergic synapse  
 
Metabolism
Enzyme: CYP2C19 [HSA:1557], CYP3A [HSA:1576 1577 1551]
Interaction
CYP induction: CYP1A2 [HSA:1544], CYP2B6 [HSA:1555], CYP2C9 [HSA:1559], CYP3A4 [HSA:1576]
Transporter induction: ABCB1 [HSA:5243]
Drug interaction
Structure map
Hypnotics
Anticonvulsants
GABA-A receptor agonists/antagonists
Brite
Therapeutic category of drugs in Japan [BR:br08301]
 1  Agents affecting nervous system and sensory organs
  11  Agents affecting central nervous system
   112  Hypnotics and sedatives, anxiolytics
    1125  Barbiturates and thiobarbiturates
     D00701  Phenobarbital sodium (JAN/USP/INN)
   113  Antiepileptics
    1139  Others
     D00701  Phenobarbital sodium (JAN/USP/INN)
Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification [BR:br08303]
 N NERVOUS SYSTEM
  N03 ANTIEPILEPTICS
   N03A ANTIEPILEPTICS
    N03AA Barbiturates and derivatives
     N03AA02 Phenobarbital
      D00701  Phenobarbital sodium (JAN/USP/INN)
Target-based classification of drugs [BR:br08310]
 Ion channels
  Cys-loop superfamily
   GABA-A
    GABAA-receptor (picrotoxin binding site) [HSA:2554 2555 2556 2557 2558 2559 2560 2561 2562 2563 2564 2565 2566 2567 2568 55879]  [KO:K05175 K05176 K05177 K05178 K05179 K05180 K05181 K05182 K05183 K05184 K05185 K05186 K05187 K05188 K05189 K05192]
     Phenobarbital [ATC:N03AA02]
      D00701  Phenobarbital sodium (JAN/USP/INN)
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 
57-30-7
PubChem: 
LigandBox: 
NIKKAJI: 
KCF data Show

ATOM        18
            1   C1z C    25.6023  -19.5651
            2   C8y C    26.8072  -18.8573
            3   C5x C    25.6023  -20.9690
            4   C5x C    24.3621  -18.8807
            5   C1b C    26.8014  -20.2611
            6   C8x C    28.0180  -19.5417
            7   C8x C    26.7897  -17.4536
            8   N1x N    24.3621  -21.6709
            9   O5x O    26.7955  -21.6709
            10  N2x N    23.1573  -19.5651
            11  O5x O    24.3621  -17.4653
            12  C1a C    28.2053  -20.2611
            13  C8x C    29.2230  -18.8340
            14  C8x C    27.9946  -16.7457
            15  C2y C    23.1573  -20.9690
            16  C8x C    29.2113  -17.4359
            17  O1a O    21.9465  -21.6650 #-
            18  Z   Na   20.0103  -19.7054 #+
BOND        18
            1     1   2 1
            2     1   3 1
            3     1   4 1
            4     1   5 1
            5     2   6 2
            6     2   7 1
            7     3   8 1
            8     3   9 2
            9     4  10 1
            10    4  11 2
            11    5  12 1
            12    6  13 1
            13    7  14 2
            14    8  15 1
            15   13  16 2
            16   15  17 1
            17   10  15 2
            18   14  16 1

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