KEGG   DISEASE: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCR)Help
Entry
H00837                      Disease                                

Name
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCR)
Description
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a heterogeneous group of severe retinal degenerations, which typically becomes evident in the first year of life. Affected infants have little or no retinal photoreceptor function as tested by electroretinography. LCA is generally inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, and caused by mutations in more than a dozen genes. Several have been demonstrated as potentially efficacious gene therapy targets.
Category
Nervous system disease
Brite
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
 Nervous system diseases
  Eye disease
   H00837  Leber congenital amaurosis (LCR)
Human diseases in ICD-10 classification [BR:br08403]
 7. Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59)
  H30-H36  Disorders of choroid and retina
   H35  Other retinal disorders
    H00837  Leber congenital amaurosis (LCR)
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway
hsa00230  Purine metabolism
hsa00830  Retinol metabolism
hsa04744  Phototransduction
Gene
(LCR1) GUCY2D [HSA:3000] [KO:K12321]
(LCA2) RPE65 [HSA:6121] [KO:K11158]
(LCA3) SPATA7 [HSA:55812] [KO:K19655]
(LCA4) AIPL1 [HSA:23746] [KO:K17767]
(LCA5) LCA5 [HSA:167691]
(LCA6) RPGRIP1 [HSA:57096] [KO:K16512]
(LCA7) CRX [HSA:1406] [KO:K09337]
(LCA8) CRB1 [HSA:23418] [KO:K16681]
(LCA9) NMNAT1 [HSA:64802] [KO:K06210]
(LCA10) CEP290 [HSA:80184] [KO:K16533]
(LCA11) IMPDH1 [HSA:3614] [KO:K00088]
(LCA12) RD3 [HSA:343035]
(LCA13) RDH12 [HSA:145226] [KO:K11153]
(LCA14) LRAT [HSA:9227] [KO:K00678]
(LCA15) TULP1 [HSA:7287] [KO:K19600]
(LCA16) KCNJ13 [HSA:3769] [KO:K05006]
(LCA17) GDF6 [HSA:392255] [KO:K20012]
Drug
Voretigene neparvovec [DR:D11008] (biallelic RPE65 mutated)
Other DBs
ICD-10: H35.5
MeSH: D057130
OMIM: 204000 204100 604232 604393 604537 613826 613829 613835 608553 611755 613837 610612 612712 613341 613843 614186 615360
Reference
  Authors
Weleber RG, Francis PJ, Trzupek KM
  Title
Leber Congenital Amaurosis
  Journal
GeneReviews (1993)
Reference
  Authors
Liu MM, Tuo J, Chan CC
  Title
Republished review: Gene therapy for ocular diseases.
  Journal
Postgrad Med J 87:487-95 (2011)
DOI:10.1136/pgmj.2009.174912rep
Reference
  Authors
Cideciyan AV
  Title
Leber congenital amaurosis due to RPE65 mutations and its treatment with gene therapy.
  Journal
Prog Retin Eye Res 29:398-427 (2010)
DOI:10.1016/j.preteyeres.2010.04.002
Reference
PMID:22842230 (gene)
  Authors
Koenekoop RK, Wang H, Majewski J, Wang X, Lopez I, Ren H, Chen Y, Li Y, Fishman GA, Genead M, Schwartzentruber J, Solanki N, Traboulsi EI, Cheng J, Logan CV, McKibbin M, Hayward BE, Parry DA, Johnson CA, Nageeb M, Poulter JA, Mohamed MD, Jafri H, Rashid Y, Taylor GR, Keser V, Mardon G, Xu H, Inglehearn CF, Fu Q, Toomes C, Chen R
  Title
Mutations in NMNAT1 cause Leber congenital amaurosis and identify a new disease pathway for retinal degeneration.
  Journal
Nat Genet 44:1035-9 (2012)
DOI:10.1038/ng.2356

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