KEGG   ENZYME: 1.3.5.6Help
Entry
EC 1.3.5.6                  Enzyme                                 

Name
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene desaturase;
zeta-carotene desaturase;
ZDS
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on the CH-CH group of donors;
With a quinone or related compound as acceptor
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
9,9'-dicis-zeta-corotene:quinone oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + 2 quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + 2 quinol (overall reaction) [RN:R07511];
(1a) 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + a quinone = 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinol [RN:R09656];
(1b) 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + a quinol [RN:R09658]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene [CPD:C15857];
quinone [CPD:C15602];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Product
7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene [CPD:C15858];
quinol [CPD:C15603];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Comment
This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.
History
EC 1.3.5.6 created 1999 as EC 1.14.99.30, transferred 2011 to EC 1.3.5.6
Pathway
Carotenoid biosynthesis
Metabolic pathways
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K00514  
zeta-carotene desaturase
Genes
ATH: 
ALY: 
CRB: 
EUS: 
CIT: 
TCC: 
GMX: 
PVU: 
MTR: 
CAM: 
FVE: 
PPER: 
PMUM: 
103318575(PmZDS)
MDM: 
CSV: 
CMO: 
RCU: 
POP: 
VVI: 
SLY: 
543629(zds)
SOT: 
OSA: 
DOSA: 
Os07t0204900-01(Os07g0204900)
OBR: 
BDI: 
SBI: 
SORBI_02g006100(SORBIDRAFT_02g006100)
ZMA: 
542604(zds1)
SITA: 
ATR: 
s00068p00029180(AMTR_s00068p00029180)
SMO: 
PPP: 
CRE: 
VCN: 
CSL: 
CVR: 
CME: 
GSL: 
EHX: 
BSUB: 
ABA: 
SYN: 
slr0940(crtQ)
SYZ: 
SYY: 
SYT: 
SYS: 
SYQ: 
SYW: 
SYNW2213(crtQ)
SYC: 
SYF: 
SYD: 
SYE: 
SYG: 
SYR: 
SYX: 
SYP: 
CYA: 
CYB: 
SYNE: 
SYNP: 
TEL: 
tll0337(crtQ)
THN: 
MAR: 
MAE_53100(crtQ)
CYT: 
cce_2779(crtQ)
CYP: 
CYC: 
CYN: 
CYH: 
AMR: 
CGC: 
CAN: 
CSN: 
DSL: 
HAO: 
CMP: 
TER: 
LEP: 
GEI: 
OAC: 
ONI: 
PSEU: 
CEP: 
MIC: 
ARP: 
ANA: 
all2382(crtQ)
NPU: 
NOS: 
NOP: 
AVA: 
ANB: 
ACY: 
NAZ: 
CSG: 
CALO: 
CALT: 
RIV: 
PMA: 
Pro_0136(crtQ)
PMM: 
PMM0115(crtQ)
PMT: 
PMT1968(crtQ)
PMN: 
PMI: 
PMB: 
PMC: 
PMF: 
PMG: 
PMH: 
PMJ: 
PME: 
CTHE: 
PLP: 
SCS: 
CTE: 
CPC: 
CCH: 
CPH: 
CPB: 
CLI: 
PVI: 
PLT: 
PPH: 
PAA: 
CTS: 
 » show all
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:8617254]
  Authors
Albrecht M, Linden H, Sandmann G.
  Title
Biochemical characterization of purified zeta-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Eur. J. Biochem. 236 (1996) 115-20.
Reference
2  [PMID:10938359]
  Authors
Josse EM, Simkin AJ, Gaffe J, Laboure AM, Kuntz M, Carol P
  Title
A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation.
  Journal
Plant. Physiol. 123 (2000) 1427-36.
Reference
3  [PMID:10491195]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Kuntz M, Takaichi S, Sandmann G
  Title
Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type zeta-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum.
  Journal
Eur. J. Biochem. 265 (1999) 376-83.
  Sequence
[up:Q9SMJ3]
Reference
4  [PMID:15503129]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Sandmann G
  Title
zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene.
  Journal
Planta. 220 (2005) 785-93.
  Sequence
[up:Q9SMJ3]
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 

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