KEGG   ENZYME: 2.3.1.215Help
Entry
EC 2.3.1.215                Enzyme                                 

Name
anthocyanidin 3-O-glucoside 6''-O-acyltransferase
Class
Transferases;
Acyltransferases;
Transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
4-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:anthocyanin-3-O-glucoside 6''-O-acyltransferase
Reaction(IUBMB)
4-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside = CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-[6-O-(4-hydroxycinnamoyl)-beta-D-glucoside] [RN:R10237]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
4-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA [CPD:C00223];
anthocyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside [CPD:C15539]
Product
CoA [CPD:C00010];
anthocyanidin 3-O-[6-O-(4-hydroxycinnamoyl)-beta-D-glucoside] [CPD:C20461]
Comment
Isolated from the plants Perilla frutescens and Gentiana triflora (clustered gentian). Acts on a range of anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosides, 3,5-di-O-glucosides and cyanidin 3-rutinoside. It did not act on delphinidin 3,3',7-tri-O-glucoside. Recombinant Perilla frutescens enzyme could utilize caffeoyl-CoA but not malonyl-CoA as alternative acyl donor.
History
EC 2.3.1.215 created 2013
Pathway
Anthocyanin biosynthesis
Reference
1
  Authors
Fujiwara, H., Tanaka, Y., Fukui, Y., Ashikari, T., Yamaguchi, M. and Kusumi, T.
  Title
Purification and characterization of anthocyanin 3-aromatic acyltransferase from Perilla frutescens.
  Journal
Plant Sci. 137 (1998) 87-94.
Reference
2  [PMID:10845463]
  Authors
Yonekura-Sakakibara K, Tanaka Y, Fukuchi-Mizutani M, Fujiwara H, Fukui Y, Ashikari T, Murakami Y, Yamaguchi M, Kusumi T
  Title
Molecular and biochemical characterization of a novel hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA: anthocyanin 3-O-glucoside-6"-O-acyltransferase from Perilla frutescens.
  Journal
Plant. Cell. Physiol. 41 (2000) 495-502.
  Sequence
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 

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