KEGG   ENZYME: 4.1.1.42Help
Entry
EC 4.1.1.42                 Enzyme                                 

Name
carnitine decarboxylase;
carnitine carboxy-lyase
Class
Lyases;
Carbon-carbon lyases;
Carboxy-lyases
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
carnitine carboxy-lyase (2-methylcholine-forming)
Reaction(IUBMB)
carnitine = 2-methylcholine + CO2 [RN:R02398]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
carnitine [CPD:C00487]
Product
2-methylcholine [CPD:C02224];
CO2 [CPD:C00011]
Comment
Requires ATP.
History
EC 4.1.1.42 created 1972
Reference
1  [PMID:6016331]
  Authors
Khairallah EA, Wolf G.
  Title
Carnitine decarboxylase. The conversion of carnitine to beta-methylcholine.
  Journal
J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1967) 32-9.
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 
CAS: 
37237-38-0

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