KEGG   ENZYME: 4.2.3.51Help
Entry
EC 4.2.3.51                 Enzyme                                 

Name
beta-phellandrene synthase (neryl-diphosphate-cyclizing);
phellandrene synthase 1;
PHS1;
monoterpene synthase PHS1
Class
Lyases;
Carbon-oxygen lyases;
Acting on phosphates
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
neryl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [cyclizing; beta-phellandrene-forming]
Reaction(IUBMB)
neryl diphosphate = beta-phellandrene + diphosphate [RN:R09687]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
neryl diphosphate [CPD:C02569]
Product
beta-phellandrene [CPD:C19818];
diphosphate [CPD:C00013]
Comment
The enzyme from Solanum lycopersicum has very poor affinity with geranyl diphosphate as substrate. Catalyses the formation of the acyclic myrcene and ocimene as major products in addition to beta-phellandrene [1].
History
EC 4.2.3.51 created 2010
Orthology
K18116  
beta-phellandrene synthase (neryl-diphosphate-cyclizing)
Genes
SLY: 
100316883(PHS1)
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:19487664]
  Authors
Schilmiller AL, Schauvinhold I, Larson M, Xu R, Charbonneau AL, Schmidt A, Wilkerson C, Last RL, Pichersky E
  Title
Monoterpenes in the glandular trichomes of tomato are synthesized from a neryl diphosphate precursor rather than geranyl diphosphate.
  Journal
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106 (2009) 10865-70.
  Sequence
[sly:100316883]
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 

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