KEGG   ENZYME: 2.4.1.16Help
Entry
EC 2.4.1.16                 Enzyme                                 

Name
chitin synthase;
chitin-UDP N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
chitin-uridine diphosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
chitin synthetase;
trans-N-acetylglucosaminosylase;
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase
Class
Transferases;
Glycosyltransferases;
Hexosyltransferases
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Reaction(IUBMB)
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine + [4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->]n = UDP + [4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->]n+1 [RN:R02335 R06028]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine [CPD:C00043];
[4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->]n
Product
UDP [CPD:C00015];
[4)-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl-(1->]n+1
Comment
Converts UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine into chitin and UDP.
History
EC 2.4.1.16 created 1961
Pathway
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
Orthology
K00698  
chitin synthase
Genes
DRE: 
MZE: 
XMA: 
BFO: 
CIN: 
DME: 
DPO: 
DAN: 
DER: 
DPE: 
DSE: 
DSI: 
DWI: 
DYA: 
DGR: 
DMO: 
DVI: 
AGA: 
AAG: 
CQU: 
AME: 
412215(GB17253)
NVI: 
TCA: 
641504(Chs1) 641505(Chs2)
BMOR: 
API: 
PHU: 
ISC: 
CEL: 
CBR: 
CBG06966(Cbr-chs-2) CBG11891(Cbr-chs-1)
BMY: 
LOA: 
TSP: 
NVE: 
HMG: 
AQU: 
CVR: 
SCE: 
YBR023C(CHS3) YBR038W(CHS2) YNL192W(CHS1)
AGO: 
ERC: 
KLA: 
LTH: 
PPA: 
VPO: 
ZRO: 
CGR: 
NCS: 
NCAS_0A10230(NCAS0A10230) NCAS_0A10240(NCAS0A10240) NCAS_0G01720(NCAS0G01720)
NDI: 
NDAI_0A07230(NDAI0A07230) NDAI_0A07240(NDAI0A07240) NDAI_0F03480(NDAI0F03480)
TPF: 
TPHA_0A04200(TPHA0A04200) TPHA_0F02420(TPHA0F02420) TPHA_0M00610(TPHA0M00610)
TBL: 
TBLA_0B00640(TBLA0B00640) TBLA_0B06770(TBLA0B06770) TBLA_0G02840(TBLA0G02840)
TDL: 
TDEL_0A01000(TDEL0A01000) TDEL_0D04000(TDEL0D04000) TDEL_0D04020(TDEL0D04020)
KAF: 
KAFR_0A07650(KAFR0A07650) KAFR_0F02390(KAFR0F02390) KAFR_0F02410(KAFR0F02410)
DHA: 
PIC: 
PGU: 
LEL: 
CAL: 
CTP: 
CDU: 
COT: 
YLI: 
CLU: 
NCR: 
SMP: 
PAN: 
TTT: 
MTM: 
MGR: 
FGR: 
NHE: 
TRE: 
VAL: 
SSL: 
BFU: 
ANI: 
NFI: 
AFM: 
AOR: 
AOR_1_1010174(AO090005000579) AOR_1_1072114(AO090701000589) AOR_1_136194(AO090012000084) AOR_1_138044(AO090206000079) AOR_1_602014(AO090026000321) AOR_1_604014(AO090026000323) AOR_1_758054(AO090011000449)
ANG: 
ANI_1_1214104(An12g10380) ANI_1_252084(An09g02290) ANI_1_316024(An02g02340) ANI_1_498084(An09g04010) ANI_1_684064(An07g05570)
AFV: 
ACT: 
PCS: 
CIM: 
CPW: 
PBL: 
URE: 
ABE: 
TVE: 
AJE: 
PNO: 
PTE: 
ZTR: 
TML: 
SPO: 
CNE: 
CNB: 
CGI: 
PPL: 
LBC: 
MPR: 
CCI: 
SCM: 
UMA: 
MGL: 
PGR: 
ECU: 
EIN: 
EHE: 
EHI: 
EHI_170480(186.t00006)
EDI: 
ACAN: 
TET: 
PTM: 
TPS: 
PIF: 
AVI: 
 » show all
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:13475355]
  Authors
GLASER L, BROWN DH.
  Title
The synthesis of chitin in cell-free extracts of Neurospora crassa.
  Journal
J. Biol. Chem. 228 (1957) 729-42.
  Organism
Neurospora crassa
Reference
2  [PMID:2945823]
  Authors
Sburlati A, Cabib E.
  Title
Chitin synthetase 2, a presumptive participant in septum formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  Journal
J. Biol. Chem. 261 (1986) 15147-52.
  Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 
CAS: 
9030-18-6

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