KEGG   ENZYME: 4.2.3.81Help
Entry
EC 4.2.3.81                 Enzyme                                 

Name
exo-alpha-bergamotene synthase;
trans-alpha-bergamotene synthase;
LaBERS (gene name)
Class
Lyases;
Carbon-oxygen lyases;
Acting on phosphates
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate lyase (cyclizing, (-)-exo-alpha-bergamotene-forming)
Reaction(IUBMB)
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (-)-exo-alpha-bergamotene + diphosphate [RN:R10732]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate [CPD:C00448]
Product
(-)-exo-alpha-bergamotene [CPD:C20811];
diphosphate [CPD:C00013]
Comment
The enzyme synthesizes a mixture of sesquiterpenoids from (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate. As well as (-)-exo-alpha-bergamotene (74%) there were (E)-nerolidol (10%), (Z)-alpha-bisabolene (6%), (E)-beta-farnesene (5%) and beta-sesquiphellandrene (1%).
History
EC 4.2.3.81 created 2011
Reference
1  [PMID:16418295]
  Authors
Schnee C, Kollner TG, Held M, Turlings TC, Gershenzon J, Degenhardt J
  Title
The products of a single maize sesquiterpene synthase form a volatile defense signal that attracts natural enemies of maize herbivores.
  Journal
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 103 (2006) 1129-34.
  Organism
Zea mays
Reference
2  [PMID:17662687]
  Authors
Landmann C, Fink B, Festner M, Dregus M, Engel KH, Schwab W
  Title
Cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from lavender  (Lavandula angustifolia).
  Journal
Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 465 (2007) 417-29.
  Organism
Lavandula angustifolia
  Sequence
[up:Q2XSC4]
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 

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