KEGG   PATHWAY: hsa00860Help
Entry
hsa00860                    Pathway                                

Name
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
Class
Metabolism; Metabolism of cofactors and vitamins
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
hsa00860

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00201  
Erythropoietic porphyria (EP)
H00202  
Hepatic porphyria
H00208  
Hyperbilirubinemia
H00833  
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA)
H01027  
Anophthalmia and microphthalmia (A/M)
H01202  
Cataract
H01368  
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency
Other DBs
BSID: 
GO: 
Organism
Homo sapiens (human) [GN:hsa]
Gene
211  
ALAS1; aminolevulinate, delta-, synthase 1 [KO:K00643] [EC:2.3.1.37]
212  
ALAS2; aminolevulinate, delta-, synthase 2 [KO:K00643] [EC:2.3.1.37]
124454  
EARS2; glutamyl-tRNA synthetase 2, mitochondrial [KO:K01885] [EC:6.1.1.17]
2058  
EPRS; glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase [KO:K14163] [EC:6.1.1.15 6.1.1.17]
210  
ALAD; aminolevulinate dehydratase [KO:K01698] [EC:4.2.1.24]
3145  
HMBS; hydroxymethylbilane synthase [KO:K01749] [EC:2.5.1.61]
7390  
UROS; uroporphyrinogen III synthase [KO:K01719] [EC:4.2.1.75]
7389  
UROD; uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase [KO:K01599] [EC:4.1.1.37]
1371  
CPOX; coproporphyrinogen oxidase [KO:K00228] [EC:1.3.3.3]
5498  
PPOX; protoporphyrinogen oxidase [KO:K00231] [EC:1.3.3.4]
2235  
FECH; ferrochelatase [KO:K01772] [EC:4.99.1.1]
1352  
COX10; cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog 10 (yeast) [KO:K02257] [EC:2.5.1.-]
1355  
COX15; cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog 15 (yeast) [KO:K02259]
326625  
MMAB; methylmalonic aciduria (cobalamin deficiency) cblB type [KO:K00798] [EC:2.5.1.17]
3162  
HMOX1; heme oxygenase (decycling) 1 [KO:K00510] [EC:1.14.99.3]
3163  
HMOX2; heme oxygenase (decycling) 2 [KO:K00510] [EC:1.14.99.3]
644  
BLVRA; biliverdin reductase A [KO:K00214] [EC:1.3.1.24]
645  
BLVRB; biliverdin reductase B (flavin reductase (NADPH)) [KO:K05901] [EC:1.5.1.30 1.3.1.24]
10941  
UGT2A1; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide A1, complex locus [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
79799  
UGT2A3; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide A3 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7367  
UGT2B17; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B17 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
10720  
UGT2B11; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B11 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54490  
UGT2B28; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B28 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54578  
UGT1A6; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A6 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54657  
UGT1A4; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A4 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54658  
UGT1A1; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54659  
UGT1A3; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A3 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7365  
UGT2B10; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B10 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54600  
UGT1A9; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A9 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7364  
UGT2B7; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B7 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54575  
UGT1A10; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A10 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54576  
UGT1A8; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A8 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54579  
UGT1A5; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A5 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7366  
UGT2B15; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B15 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54577  
UGT1A7; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A7 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7363  
UGT2B4; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide B4 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
574537  
UGT2A2; UDP glucuronosyltransferase 2 family, polypeptide A2 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
2990  
GUSB; glucuronidase, beta [KO:K01195] [EC:3.2.1.31]
3052  
HCCS; holocytochrome c synthase [KO:K01764] [EC:4.4.1.17]
1356  
CP; ceruloplasmin (ferroxidase) [KO:K13624] [EC:1.16.3.1]
2495  
FTH1; ferritin, heavy polypeptide 1 [KO:K00522] [EC:1.16.3.1]
94033  
FTMT; ferritin mitochondrial [KO:K00522] [EC:1.16.3.1]
2512  
FTL; ferritin, light polypeptide [KO:K13625]
Compound
C00025  
L-Glutamate
C00032  
Heme
C00037  
Glycine
C00188  
L-Threonine
C00194  
Cobamide coenzyme
C00430  
5-Aminolevulinate
C00486  
Bilirubin
C00500  
Biliverdin
C00524  
Cytochrome c
C00541  
Cob(II)alamin
C00748  
Siroheme
C00853  
Cob(I)alamin
C00931  
Porphobilinogen
C00992  
Aquacob(III)alamin
C01024  
Hydroxymethylbilane
C01051  
Uroporphyrinogen III
C01079  
Protoporphyrinogen IX
C01708  
Hemoglobin
C02139  
Chlorophyllide
C02191  
Protoporphyrin
C02463  
Precorrin 2
C02469  
Uroporphyrin III
C02800  
4,5-Dioxopentanoate
C02823  
Cyanocobalamin
C02880  
Protochlorophyllide
C02987  
L-Glutamyl-tRNA(Glu)
C03029  
Transferrin[Fe(II)]2
C03114  
Dimethylbenzimidazole
C03179  
Transferrin[Fe(III)]2
C03194  
(R)-1-Aminopropan-2-ol
C03263  
Coproporphyrinogen III
C03516  
Magnesium protoporphyrin
C03741  
(S)-4-Amino-5-oxopentanoate
C04122  
D-1-Aminopropan-2-ol O-phosphate
C04536  
Magnesium protoporphyrin monomethyl ester
C04778  
N1-(5-Phospho-alpha-D-ribosyl)-5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole
C05306  
Chlorophyll a
C05307  
Chlorophyll b
C05766  
Uroporphyrinogen I
C05767  
Uroporphyrin I
C05768  
Coproporphyrinogen I
C05769  
Coproporphyrin I
C05770  
Coproporphyrin III
C05772  
Precorrin 3A
C05773  
Cobyrinate
C05774  
Cobinamide
C05775  
alpha-Ribazole
C05777  
Coenzyme F430
C05778  
Sirohydrochlorin
C05779  
Apoferritin
C05780  
Apotransferrin
C05781  
Oxyhemoglobin
C05782  
Myoglobin
C05783  
Cytochrome a
C05784  
Catalase
C05785  
Peroxidase
C05786  
(3Z)-Phycocyanobilin
C05787  
Bilirubin beta-diglucuronide
C05789  
L-Urobilinogen
C05790  
I-Urobilinogen
C05791  
D-Urobilinogen
C05793  
L-Urobilin
C05794  
Urobilin
C05795  
D-Urobilin
C05797  
Pheophytin a
C05798  
Bacterio-pheophytins
C05912  
(3Z)-Phycoerythrobilin
C05913  
(3Z)-Phytochromobilin
C06319  
Precorrin 6Y
C06320  
Precorrin 6X
C06399  
Hydrogenobyrinate
C06406  
Precorrin 3B
C06407  
Precorrin 4
C06408  
Precorrin 8X
C06416  
Precorrin 5
C06503  
Hydrogenobyrinate a,c diamide
C06504  
Cob(II)yrinate a,c diamide
C06505  
Cob(I)yrinate a,c diamide
C06506  
Adenosyl cobyrinate a,c diamide
C06507  
Adenosyl cobyrinate hexaamide
C06508  
Adenosyl cobinamide
C06509  
Adenosyl cobinamide phosphate
C06510  
Adenosine-GDP-cobinamide
C11242  
Bacteriochlorophyll a
C11243  
Bacteriochlorophyll b
C11538  
Cobalt-sirohydrochlorin
C11539  
Cobalt-precorrin 3
C11540  
Cobalt-precorrin 4
C11542  
Cobalt-precorrin 6
C11543  
Cobalt-dihydro-precorrin 6
C11545  
Cobalt-precorrin 8
C11630  
15,16-Dihydrobiliverdin
C11829  
13(1)-Hydroxy-magnesium-protoporphyrin IX 13-monomethyl ester
C11830  
13(1)-Oxo-magnesium-protoporphyrin IX 13-monomethyl ester
C11831  
Divinylprotochlorophyllide
C11832  
Divinyl chlorophyllide a
C11850  
Divinylchlorophyll a
C11851  
Zn-Bacteriochlorophyll a
C12147  
L-Threonine O-3-phosphate
C14818  
Fe2+
C14819  
Fe3+
C15670  
Heme A
C15672  
Heme O
C16242  
Cobalt-precorrin 5A
C16243  
Cobalt-precorrin 5B
C16244  
Cobalt-precorrin 7
C16540  
7(1)-Hydroxychlorophyllide a
C16541  
Chlorophyllide b
C17401  
Cobalt-factor III
C18021  
Pheophorbide a
C18022  
Red chlorophyll catabolite
C18064  
Pyropheophorbide a
C18098  
Primary fluorescent chlorophyll catabolite
C18151  
7(1)-Hydroxychlorophyll a
C18152  
3-Vinylbacteriochlorophyllide a
C18153  
3-Hydroxyethylbacteriochlorophyllide a
C18154  
3-Hydroxyethylchlorophyllide a
C18155  
Bacteriochlorophyllide a
C18156  
Bacteriochlorophyllide b
C18157  
3-Vinylbacteriochlorophyllide d
C18160  
Bacteriochlorophyllide d
C18161  
Bacteriochlorophyllide c
C18162  
Bacteriochlorophyll d
C18163  
Bacteriochlorophyll c
Reference
PMID:9461500
  Authors
Woodcock SC, Raux E, Levillayer F, Thermes C, Rambach A, Warren MJ.
  Title
Effect of mutations in the transmethylase and dehydrogenase/chelatase domains of sirohaem synthase (CysG) on sirohaem and cobalamin biosynthesis.
  Journal
Biochem J 330:121-9 (1998)
Reference
  Authors
Johansson P, Hederstedt L
  Title
Organization of genes for tetrapyrrole biosynthesis in gram--positive bacteria.
  Journal
Microbiology 145 ( Pt 3):529-38 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Maggio-Hall LA, Escalante-Semerena JC.
  Title
In vitro synthesis of the nucleotide loop of cobalamin by Salmonella typhimurium enzymes.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:11798-803 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Roper JM, Raux E, Brindley AA, Schubert HL, Gharbia SE, Shah HN, Warren MJ.
  Title
The enigma of cobalamin (Vitamin B12) biosynthesis in Porphyromonas gingivalis. Identification and characterization of a functional corrin pathway.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 275:40316-23 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Scott AI, Roessner CA.
  Title
Biosynthesis of cobalamin (vitamin B(12)).
  Journal
Biochem Soc Trans 30:613-20 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Warren MJ, Raux E, Schubert HL, Escalante-Semerena JC.
  Title
The biosynthesis of adenosylcobalamin (vitamin B12).
  Journal
Nat Prod Rep 19:390-412 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Roessner CA, Huang KX, Warren MJ, Raux E, Scott AI.
  Title
Isolation and characterization of 14 additional genes specifying the anaerobic biosynthesis of cobalamin (vitamin B12) in Propionibacterium freudenreichii (P. shermanii).
  Journal
Microbiology 148:1845-53 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Frankenberg N, Mukougawa K, Kohchi T, Lagarias JC.
  Title
Functional genomic analysis of the HY2 family of ferredoxin-dependent bilin reductases from oxygenic photosynthetic organisms.
  Journal
Plant Cell 13:965-78 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Chew AG, Bryant DA
  Title
Chlorophyll biosynthesis in bacteria: the origins of structural and functional diversity.
  Journal
Annu Rev Microbiol 61:113-29 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Frigaard NU, Chew AG, Li H, Maresca JA, Bryant DA
  Title
Chlorobium tepidum: insights into the structure, physiology, and metabolism of a  green sulfur bacterium derived from the complete genome sequence.
  Journal
Photosynth Res 78:93-117 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Deery E, Schroeder S, Lawrence AD, Taylor SL, Seyedarabi A, Waterman J, Wilson KS, Brown D, Geeves MA, Howard MJ, Pickersgill RW, Warren MJ
  Title
An enzyme-trap approach allows isolation of intermediates in cobalamin biosynthesis.
  Journal
Nat Chem Biol 8:933-40 (2012)
Reference
  Authors
Moore SJ, Lawrence AD, Biedendieck R, Deery E, Frank S, Howard MJ, Rigby SE, Warren MJ
  Title
Elucidation of the anaerobic pathway for the corrin component of cobalamin (vitamin B12).
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:14906-11 (2013)
KO pathway
 

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