KEGG   PATHWAY: mdo04110Help
mdo04110                    Pathway                                

Cell cycle - Monodelphis domestica (opossum)
Mitotic cell cycle progression is accomplished through a reproducible sequence of events, DNA replication (S phase) and mitosis (M phase) separated temporally by gaps known as G1 and G2 phases. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are key regulatory enzymes, each consisting of a catalytic CDK subunit and an activating cyclin subunit. CDKs regulate the cell's progression through the phases of the cell cycle by modulating the activity of key substrates. Downstream targets of CDKs include transcription factor E2F and its regulator Rb. Precise activation and inactivation of CDKs at specific points in the cell cycle are required for orderly cell division. Cyclin-CDK inhibitors (CKIs), such as p16Ink4a, p15Ink4b, p27Kip1, and p21Cip1, are involved in the negative regulation of CDK activities, thus providing a pathway through which the cell cycle is negatively regulated.
 Eukaryotic cells respond to DNA damage by activating signaling pathways that promote cell cycle arrest and DNA repair. In response to DNA damage, the checkpoint kinase ATM phosphorylates and activates Chk2, which in turn directly phosphorylates and activates p53 tumor suppressor protein. p53 and its transcriptional targets play an important role in both G1 and G2 checkpoints. ATR-Chk1-mediated protein degradation of Cdc25A protein phosphatase is also a mechanism conferring intra-S-phase checkpoint activation.
Cellular Processes; Cell growth and death
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
mdo04110  Cell cycle

Ortholog table
mdo_M00284  Origin recognition complex [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00285  MCM complex [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00297  DNA-PK complex [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00381  SCF-SKP2 complex [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00389  APC/C complex [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00691  DNA damage-induced cell cycle checkpoints [PATH:mdo04110]
mdo_M00693  Cell cycle - G2/M transition [PATH:mdo04110]
Other DBs
BSID: 87155
GO: 0000278
Monodelphis domestica (opossum) [GN:mdo]
100013257  CCND1; cyclin D1 [KO:K04503]
100016259  CCND2; cyclin D2 [KO:K10151]
100027538  CCND3; cyclin D3 [KO:K10152]
100021675  CDK6; cyclin dependent kinase 6 [KO:K02091] [EC:]
100022630  RB1; RB transcriptional corepressor 1 [KO:K06618]
100029326  RBL1; RB transcriptional corepressor like 1 [KO:K04681]
100019136  RBL2; RB transcriptional corepressor like 2 [KO:K16332]
100619549  ABL1; ABL proto-oncogene 1, non-receptor tyrosine kinase [KO:K06619] [EC:]
100022756  HDAC2; histone deacetylase 2 [KO:K06067] [EC:]
100032301  HDAC1; histone deacetylase 1 [KO:K06067] [EC:]
100032280  E2F1; E2F transcription factor 1 [KO:K17454]
100009746  E2F2; E2F transcription factor 2 [KO:K09389]
100017977  E2F3; E2F transcription factor 3 [KO:K06620]
100020064  E2F4; E2F transcription factor 4 [KO:K04682]
100026008  E2F5; E2F transcription factor 5 [KO:K04682]
100021442  TFDP1; transcription factor Dp-1 [KO:K04683]
100618187  TFDP2; transcription factor Dp-2 [KO:K09392]
100012447  GSK3B; glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta [KO:K03083] [EC:]
100019183  TGFB1; transforming growth factor beta 1 [KO:K13375]
100017548  TGFB2; transforming growth factor beta 2 [KO:K13376]
100017937  TGFB3; transforming growth factor beta 3 [KO:K13377]
100014493  SMAD2; SMAD family member 2 [KO:K04500]
100018703  SMAD3; SMAD family member 3 [KO:K04500]
100010143  SMAD4; SMAD family member 4 [KO:K04501]
100032344  MYC; v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog [KO:K04377]
100619919  ZBTB17; zinc finger and BTB domain containing 17 [KO:K10500]
100021947  CDKN2B; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2B [KO:K04685]
100020812  CDKN2C; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2C [KO:K06622]
100012509  CDKN2D; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2D [KO:K06623]
100014923  CDKN1B; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1B [KO:K06624]
100029103  CDKN1A; cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A [KO:K06625]
100014623  CCNE1; cyclin E1 [KO:K06626]
100022654  CCNE2; cyclin E2 [KO:K06626]
100014810  SKP1; S-phase kinase associated protein 1 [KO:K03094]
100013348  CUL1; cullin 1 [KO:K03347]
100013521  RBX1; ring-box 1 [KO:K03868] [EC:]
100020421  SKP2; S-phase kinase associated protein 2 [KO:K03875]
100027136  CCNA1; cyclin A1 [KO:K06627]
100017104  CCNA2; cyclin A2 [KO:K06627]
100016182  CDC6; cell division cycle 6 [KO:K02213]
100029459  CDC45; cell division cycle 45 [KO:K06628]
100015595  CDC7; cell division cycle 7 [KO:K02214] [EC:]
100027385  DBF4; DBF4 zinc finger [KO:K06629]
100019039  CDK1; cyclin dependent kinase 1 [KO:K02087] [EC:]
100019387  CCNB1; cyclin B1 [KO:K05868]
100019727  CCNB2; cyclin B2 [KO:K21770]
100020720  CCNB3; cyclin B3 [KO:K21771]
100025023  CDC25C; cell division cycle 25C [KO:K05867] [EC:]
100030704  YWHAZ; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein zeta [KO:K16197]
100024059  YWHAB; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein beta [KO:K16197]
100032061  YWHAQ; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein theta [KO:K16197]
100012276  YWHAE; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein epsilon [KO:K06630]
100016805  YWHAH; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein eta [KO:K16198]
100029105  YWHAG; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein gamma [KO:K16198]
100027403  PLK1; polo like kinase 1 [KO:K06631] [EC:]
100021160  WEE1; WEE1 G2 checkpoint kinase [KO:K06632] [EC:]
100024283  WEE2; WEE1 homolog 2 [KO:K06632] [EC:]
100618653  PKMYT1; protein kinase, membrane associated tyrosine/threonine 1 [KO:K06633] [EC:]
100011386  CCNH; cyclin H [KO:K06634]
100019498  CDK7; cyclin dependent kinase 7 [KO:K02202] [EC:]
100031108  ANAPC1; anaphase promoting complex subunit 1 [KO:K03348]
100023440  ANAPC2; anaphase promoting complex subunit 2 [KO:K03349]
100025278  CDC27; cell division cycle 27 [KO:K03350]
100012855  ANAPC4; anaphase promoting complex subunit 4 [KO:K03351]
100015868  ANAPC5; anaphase promoting complex subunit 5 [KO:K03352]
100016016  CDC16; cell division cycle 16 [KO:K03353]
100020392  ANAPC7; anaphase promoting complex subunit 7 [KO:K03354]
100024960  CDC23; cell division cycle 23 [KO:K03355]
100019010  ANAPC10; anaphase promoting complex subunit 10 [KO:K03357]
100025534  ANAPC11; anaphase promoting complex subunit 11 [KO:K03358]
100016215  ANAPC13; anaphase promoting complex subunit 13 [KO:K12456]
100014726  CDC20; cell division cycle 20 [KO:K03363]
100030438  PTTG1; pituitary tumor-transforming 1 [KO:K06635]
100032809  ESPL1; extra spindle pole bodies like 1, separase [KO:K02365] [EC:]
100028429  SMC1B; structural maintenance of chromosomes 1B [KO:K06636]
100009927  SMC1A; structural maintenance of chromosomes 1A [KO:K06636]
100021816  SMC3; structural maintenance of chromosomes 3 [KO:K06669]
100016681  STAG2; stromal antigen 2 [KO:K06671]
100023927  STAG1; stromal antigen 1 [KO:K06671]
100011334  cohesin subunit SA-2-like [KO:K06671]
100025333  RAD21; RAD21 cohesin complex component [KO:K06670]
100023737  TTK; TTK protein kinase [KO:K08866] [EC:]
100033212  BUB1; BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase [KO:K02178] [EC:]
100019351  BUB3; BUB3, mitotic checkpoint protein [KO:K02180]
100031856  BUB1B; BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B [KO:K06637] [EC:]
100029239  MAD1L1; MAD1 mitotic arrest deficient like 1 [KO:K06638]
100018245  MAD2L1; MAD2 mitotic arrest deficient-like 1 (yeast) [KO:K02537]
100013798  MAD2L2; MAD2 mitotic arrest deficient-like 2 (yeast) [KO:K13728]
100010404  FZR1; fizzy/cell division cycle 20 related 1 [KO:K03364]
100011309  CDC14B; cell division cycle 14B [KO:K06639] [EC:]
100029604  CDC14A; cell division cycle 14A [KO:K06639] [EC:]
100019691  ATR; ATR serine/threonine kinase [KO:K06640] [EC:]
100026797  ATM; ATM serine/threonine kinase [KO:K04728] [EC:]
497248  TP53; tumor protein p53 [KO:K04451]
100016170  CHEK1; checkpoint kinase 1 [KO:K02216] [EC:]
100030584  CHEK2; checkpoint kinase 2 [KO:K06641] [EC:]
100028102  EP300; E1A binding protein p300 [KO:K04498] [EC:]
100013876  CREBBP; CREB binding protein [KO:K04498] [EC:]
100030684  PRKDC; protein kinase, DNA-activated, catalytic polypeptide [KO:K06642] [EC:]
100021398  MDM2; MDM2 proto-oncogene [KO:K06643] [EC:]
100010225  GADD45G; growth arrest and DNA damage inducible gamma [KO:K04402]
100016952  GADD45A; growth arrest and DNA damage inducible alpha [KO:K04402]
100014651  GADD45B; growth arrest and DNA damage inducible beta [KO:K04402]
100029293  PCNA; proliferating cell nuclear antigen [KO:K04802]
100012611  SFN; stratifin [KO:K06644]
100018150  CDC25A; cell division cycle 25A [KO:K06645] [EC:]
100018853  ORC1; origin recognition complex subunit 1 [KO:K02603]
100016693  ORC2; origin recognition complex subunit 2 [KO:K02604]
100025381  ORC3; origin recognition complex subunit 3 [KO:K02605]
100013255  ORC4; origin recognition complex subunit 4 [KO:K02606]
100018063  ORC5; origin recognition complex subunit 5 [KO:K02607]
100015843  ORC6; origin recognition complex subunit 6 [KO:K02608]
100027730  MCM2; minichromosome maintenance complex component 2 [KO:K02540] [EC:]
100013668  MCM3; minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 [KO:K02541] [EC:]
100030676  MCM4; minichromosome maintenance complex component 4 [KO:K02212] [EC:]
100016494  MCM5; minichromosome maintenance complex component 5 [KO:K02209] [EC:]
100012357  MCM6; minichromosome maintenance complex component 6 [KO:K02542] [EC:]
100018145  MCM7; minichromosome maintenance complex component 7 [KO:K02210] [EC:]
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D-type cyclin-binding regions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
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A C-terminal protein-binding domain in the retinoblastoma protein regulates nuclear c-Abl tyrosine kinase in the cell cycle.
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Rb family proteins as modulators of gene expression and new aspects regarding the interaction with chromatin remodeling enzymes.
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Pocket proteins and cell cycle control.
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CDC25 phosphatases in cancer cells: key players? Good targets?
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Diehl JA, Cheng M, Roussel MF, Sherr CJ
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta regulates cyclin D1 proteolysis and subcellular localization.
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Klein EA, Assoian RK
Transcriptional regulation of the cyclin D1 gene at a glance.
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Sherr CJ, Roberts JM
CDK inhibitors: positive and negative regulators of G1-phase progression.
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Mechanisms of TGF-beta signaling from cell membrane to the nucleus.
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Kamura T, Hara T, Kotoshiba S, Yada M, Ishida N, Imaki H, Hatakeyama S, Nakayama K, Nakayama KI
Degradation of p57Kip2 mediated by SCFSkp2-dependent ubiquitylation.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:10231-6 (2003)
Bond M, Sala-Newby GB, Wu YJ, Newby AC
Biphasic effect of p21Cip1 on smooth muscle cell proliferation: role of PI 3-kinase and Skp2-mediated degradation.
Cardiovasc Res 69:198-206 (2006)
Harris SL, Levine AJ.
The p53 pathway: positive and negative feedback loops.
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Surfing the p53 network.
Nature 408:307-10 (2000)
Smith ML, Chen IT, Zhan Q, Bae I, Chen CY, Gilmer TM, Kastan MB, O'Connor PM, Fornace AJ Jr
Interaction of the p53-regulated protein Gadd45 with proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
Science 266:1376-80 (1994)
Petersen BO, Lukas J, Sorensen CS, Bartek J, Helin K
Phosphorylation of mammalian CDC6 by cyclin A/CDK2 regulates its subcellular localization.
EMBO J 18:396-410 (1999)
Sheu YJ, Stillman B
Cdc7-Dbf4 phosphorylates MCM proteins via a docking site-mediated mechanism to promote S phase progression.
Mol Cell 24:101-13 (2006)
Martinez AM, Afshar M, Martin F, Cavadore JC, Labbe JC, Doree M
Dual phosphorylation of the T-loop in cdk7: its role in controlling cyclin H binding and CAK activity.
EMBO J 16:343-54 (1997)
Lolli G, Johnson LN
CAK-Cyclin-dependent Activating Kinase: a key kinase in cell cycle control and a target for drugs?
Cell Cycle 4:572-7 (2005)
Musacchio A, Salmon ED
The spindle-assembly checkpoint in space and time.
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 8:379-93 (2007)
Uhlmann F
Chromosome cohesion and separation: from men and molecules.
Curr Biol 13:R104-14 (2003)
Stegmeier F, Amon A
Closing mitosis: the functions of the Cdc14 phosphatase and its regulation.
Annu Rev Genet 38:203-32 (2004)
Moustakas A, Kardassis D
Regulation of the human p21/WAF1/Cip1 promoter in hepatic cells by functional interactions between Sp1 and Smad family members.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:6733-8 (1998)
KO pathway

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