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Entry
map04950                    Pathway                                

Name
Maturity onset diabetes of the young
Description
About 2-5% of type II diabetic patients suffer from a monogenic disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. This monogenic form of type II diabetes is called maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY).
We now know that MODY is caused by heterozygous mutations in at least five genes encoding transcription factors: HNF4alpha (MODY1), HNF1alpha (MODY3), PDX1 (MODY4), HNF1beta (MODY5) and NEUROD1 (MODY6). MODY2, which is so far the only subtype not related to a transcription factor, is caused by mutations in the glucokinase gene. Mutations of MODY transcription factor genes lead to abnormal expression of genes involved in pancreatic islet development and metabolism.
Class
Human Diseases; Endocrine and metabolic diseases
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Maturity onset diabetes of the young
map04950

All organismsOrtholog table
Disease
H00409  
Type II diabetes mellitus
H00410  
Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
H00512  
Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM)
H00861  
Pancreatic agenesis
Reference
  Authors
Servitja JM, Ferrer J.
  Title
Transcriptional networks controlling pancreatic development and beta cell function.
  Journal
Diabetologia 47:597-613 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Habener JF, Kemp DM, Thomas MK.
  Title
Minireview: transcriptional regulation in pancreatic development.
  Journal
Endocrinology 146:1025-34 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Ashizawa S, Brunicardi FC, Wang XP.
  Title
PDX-1 and the pancreas.
  Journal
Pancreas 28:109-20 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Yamagata K.
  Title
Regulation of pancreatic beta-cell function by the HNF transcription network: lessons from maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY).
  Journal
Endocr J 50:491-9 (2003)
KO pathway
 

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