KEGG   PATHWAY: avn00362Help
Entry
avn00362                    Pathway                                

Name
Benzoate degradation - Azotobacter vinelandii DJ
Class
Metabolism; Xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
avn00362  Benzoate degradation
avn00362

Ortholog table
Module
avn_M00548  Benzene degradation, benzene => catechol [PATH:avn00362]
avn_M00551  Benzoate degradation, benzoate => catechol / methylbenzoate => methylcatechol [PATH:avn00362]
avn_M00569  Catechol meta-cleavage, catechol => acetyl-CoA / 4-methylcatechol => propanoyl-CoA [PATH:avn00362]
Other DBs
BSID: 95380
UMBBD: benz2 benz abs
GO: 0043639
Organism
Azotobacter vinelandii DJ [GN:avn]
Gene
Avin_08590  benA; Benzoate-1,2-dioxygenase oxygenase component, alpha subunit [KO:K05549] [EC:1.14.12.- 1.14.12.10]
Avin_08600  benB; benzoate-1,2-dioxygenase oxygenase component, beta subunit [KO:K05550] [EC:1.14.12.- 1.14.12.10]
Avin_08610  benC; Benzoate 1,2-Dioxygenase Reductase [KO:K05784] [EC:1.18.1.-]
Avin_08620  benD; cis-1,2-dihydroxycyclohexa-3,4-diene carboxylate dehydrogenase [KO:K05783] [EC:1.3.1.- 1.3.1.25]
Avin_38180  pcaD; 3-oxoadipate enol-lacton hydrolase [KO:K01055] [EC:3.1.1.24]
Avin_14450  fadA; fatty-acid oxidation complex beta-subunit FadA [KO:K00632] [EC:2.3.1.16]
Avin_38200  pcaF; beta-ketoadipyl CoA thiolase [KO:K07823] [EC:2.3.1.174]
Avin_08860  dmpK; Phenol hydroxylase subunit DmpK [KO:K16249]
Avin_30760  lapK; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, assembly subunit; LapK [KO:K16249]
Avin_30750  lapL; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, beta subunit; LapL [KO:K16243]
Avin_08850  dpmL; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P1 [KO:K16243]
Avin_30740  lapM; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, activator subunit; LapM [KO:K16244]
Avin_08840  dmpM; phenol hydroxylase, monooxygenase component P2 [KO:K16244]
Avin_30730  lapN; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, alpha subunit; LapN [KO:K16242] [EC:1.14.13.-]
Avin_08830  dmpN; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P3 [KO:K16242] [EC:1.14.13.-]
Avin_08820  dmpO; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P4 [KO:K16245]
Avin_30720  lapO; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, gamma subunit; LapO [KO:K16245]
Avin_08810  dmpP; Phenol hydroxylase, Ferredoxin subunit [KO:K16246]
Avin_30710  lapP; Multi-component phenol hydoxylase, reductase subunit; LapP [KO:K16246]
Avin_08720  xylE; Catechol 2,3 dioxygenase, XylE [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
Avin_30770  lapB; catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, LapB [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
Avin_08800  dmpB; Extradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
Avin_15110  mhpD; 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase [KO:K02554] [EC:4.2.1.80]
Avin_08670  xylJ; 4-oxo-4-pentenoate hydratase, XylJ [KO:K18364] [EC:4.2.1.132 4.2.1.80]
Avin_30610  lapE; 2-Hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydratase; LapE [KO:K18364] [EC:4.2.1.132 4.2.1.80]
Avin_42120  4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
Avin_08740  xylK; 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase, XylK [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
Avin_15130  mphE; 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
Avin_30570  lapG; 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase; LapG [KO:K18365] [EC:4.1.3.43 4.1.3.39]
Avin_42130  Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K04073] [EC:1.2.1.10]
Avin_08700  xylQ; acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, XylQ [KO:K04073] [EC:1.2.1.10]
Avin_15120  mhpF; Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating) [KO:K04073] [EC:1.2.1.10]
Avin_30580  lapF; Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (acetylating); LapF [KO:K18366] [EC:1.2.1.87 1.2.1.10]
Avin_08730  xylG; 2-hydroxymuconic semi-aldehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K10217] [EC:1.2.1.85 1.2.1.32]
Avin_30620  lapC; 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde dehydrogenase; LapC [KO:K10217] [EC:1.2.1.85 1.2.1.32]
Avin_45080  4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase [KO:K01821] [EC:5.3.2.6]
Avin_08790  dmpI; 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase [KO:K01821] [EC:5.3.2.6]
Avin_08680  xylI; 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase.XylI [KO:K01617] [EC:4.1.1.77]
Avin_30600  lapH; 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase; LapH [KO:K01617] [EC:4.1.1.77]
Avin_38250  pcaG; protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, alpha subunit [KO:K00448] [EC:1.13.11.3]
Avin_38260  pcaH; protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, beta subunit [KO:K00449] [EC:1.13.11.3]
Avin_21250  adenylosuccinate lyase [KO:K01857] [EC:5.5.1.2]
Avin_38190  pcaB; 3-carboxy-cis,cis-muconate cycloisomerase [KO:K01857] [EC:5.5.1.2]
Avin_38170  pcaC; 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
Avin_02340  Carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
Avin_32360  Carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase protein [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
Avin_41770  hypothetical protein [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
Avin_42220  Extradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase, class III enzyme, subunit A [KO:K04100] [EC:1.13.11.8]
Avin_42210  Extradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase, class III enzyme, subunit B [KO:K04101] [EC:1.13.11.8]
Avin_31290  FldA-like protein [KO:K16514] [EC:5.3.2.8]
Avin_31270  LmbE-like protein [KO:K16515] [EC:4.2.1.83]
Avin_31280  4-carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate aldolase protein [KO:K10218] [EC:4.1.3.17]
Avin_14390  pobA; 4-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase, pobA [KO:K00481] [EC:1.14.13.2]
Avin_36680  ybgC; acyl-coenzyme A thioester hydrolase [KO:K01075] [EC:3.1.2.23]
Avin_14220  4-hydroxybenzoyl CoA thioesterase [KO:K01075] [EC:3.1.2.23]
Avin_14440  fadB1; fatty acid oxidation complex alpha subunit FadB [KO:K01825] [EC:5.3.3.8 5.1.2.3 4.2.1.17 1.1.1.35]
Avin_17350  3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase [KO:K07516] [EC:1.1.1.35]
Avin_24930  Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase [KO:K00252] [EC:1.3.8.6]
Avin_10710  Enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase [KO:K01692] [EC:4.2.1.17]
Avin_25220  3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase [KO:K00074] [EC:1.1.1.157]
Avin_33790  3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, NAD-binding domain protein [KO:K00074] [EC:1.1.1.157]
Avin_14260  aat1; beta-ketothiolase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Avin_07370  Thiolase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Avin_17360  Acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Avin_22240  Thiolase protein [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Avin_16380  acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Avin_23640  phbA; polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthetic beta-ketothiolase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Compound
C00022  Pyruvate
C00024  Acetyl-CoA
C00036  Oxaloacetate
C00084  Acetaldehyde
C00090  Catechol
C00091  Succinyl-CoA
C00146  Phenol
C00156  4-Hydroxybenzoate
C00180  Benzoate
C00196  2,3-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00230  3,4-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00332  Acetoacetyl-CoA
C00512  Benzoyl-CoA
C00527  Glutaryl-CoA
C00530  Hydroquinone
C00587  3-Hydroxybenzoate
C00596  2-Hydroxy-2,4-pentadienoate
C00628  2,5-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00682  2-Hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C00846  3-Oxoadipate
C00877  Crotonoyl-CoA
C01063  6-Carboxyhexanoyl-CoA
C01144  (S)-3-Hydroxybutanoyl-CoA
C01163  3-Carboxy-cis,cis-muconate
C01278  2-Carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate
C01407  Benzene
C01751  Resorcinol
C02222  2-Maleylacetate
C02232  3-Oxoadipyl-CoA
C02411  Glutaconyl-1-CoA
C02480  cis,cis-Muconate
C02501  2-Hydroxymuconate
C02519  4-Methoxybenzoate
C02814  Benzene-1,2,4-triol
C02949  4-Hydroxybenzoyl-CoA
C03453  gamma-Oxalocrotonate
C03586  2-Oxo-2,3-dihydrofuran-5-acetate
C03589  4-Hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate
C03671  2-Pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate
C03676  3-Hydroxy-cis,cis-muconate
C04091  cis-1,2-Dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol
C04115  4-Carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate
C04324  (1E,3E)-4-Hydroxybuta-1,3-diene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
C04434  (1E)-4-Oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
C04480  3-Carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C04484  4-Carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C04553  3-Carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate
C05375  2-Hydroxy-2-hydropyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate
C06033  Parapyruvate
C06035  4-Methylene-2-oxoglutarate
C06321  (1R,6S)-1,6-Dihydroxycyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate
C06322  Cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C06333  2-Aminobenzenesulfonate
C06336  3-Sulfocatechol
C06714  3-Hydroxypimeloyl-CoA
C06715  3-Oxopimeloyl-CoA
C06723  6-Carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA
C06749  6-Hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C09809  Cyclohex-2,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09810  Cyclohex-1,4-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09811  Cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09812  2-Hydroxycyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09813  2-Ketocyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09821  6-Oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C09822  Cyclohexane-1-carboxylate
C09823  Cyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C14144  5-Carboxy-2-pentenoyl-CoA
C14610  (S)-5-Oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-acetate
C19682  3,4-Didehydroadipyl-CoA
C19683  3,4-Didehydroadipyl-CoA semialdehyde
C19684  2,3-Epoxy-2,3-dihydrobenzoyl-CoA
C21298  2,6-Dihydroxybenzoate
Reference
  Authors
Carmona M, Zamarro MT, Blazquez B, Durante-Rodriguez G, Juarez JF, Valderrama JA, Barragan MJ, Garcia JL, Diaz E
  Title
Anaerobic catabolism of aromatic compounds: a genetic and genomic view.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 73:71-133 (2009)
DOI:10.1128/MMBR.00021-08
Reference
  Authors
Hara H, Masai E, Miyauchi K, Katayama Y, Fukuda M.
  Title
Characterization of the 4-carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate aldolase gene and operon structure of the protocatechuate 4,5-cleavage pathway genes in Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 185:41-50 (2003)
DOI:10.1128/JB.185.1.41-50.2003
Reference
  Authors
Maruyama K, Shibayama T, Ichikawa A, Sakou Y, Yamada S, Sugisaki H.
  Title
Cloning and characterization of the genes encoding enzymes for the protocatechuate meta-degradation pathway of Pseudomonas ochraceae NGJ1.
  Journal
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 68:1434-41 (2004)
DOI:10.1271/bbb.68.1434
Reference
  Authors
Mampel J, Ruff J, Junker F, Cook AM.
  Title
The oxygenase component of the 2-aminobenzenesulfonate dioxygenase system from Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1.
  Journal
Microbiology 145 ( Pt 11):3255-64 (1999)
DOI:10.1099/00221287-145-11-3255
Reference
PMID:8002948
  Authors
Junker F, Field JA, Bangerter F, Ramsteiner K, Kohler HP, Joannou CL, Mason JR, Leisinger T, Cook AM.
  Title
Oxygenation and spontaneous deamination of 2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 with subsequent meta ring cleavage and spontaneous desulphonation to 2-hydroxymuconic acid.
  Journal
Biochem J 300 ( Pt 2):429-36 (1994)
DOI:10.1042/bj3000429
Reference
PMID:8990279
  Authors
Harwood CS, Gibson J.
  Title
Shedding light on anaerobic benzene ring degradation: a process unique to prokaryotes?
  Journal
J Bacteriol 179:301-9 (1997)
DOI:10.1128/JB.179.2.301-309.1997
Reference
  Authors
Peters F, Shinoda Y, McInerney MJ, Boll M.
  Title
Cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydratases of Geobacter metallireducens and Syntrophus aciditrophicus: Evidence for a common benzoyl-CoA degradation pathway in facultative and strict anaerobes.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 189:1055-60 (2007)
DOI:10.1128/JB.01467-06
Reference
  Authors
Cowles CE, Nichols NN, Harwood CS.
  Title
BenR, a XylS homologue, regulates three different pathways of aromatic acid degradation in Pseudomonas putida.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:6339-46 (2000)
DOI:10.1128/JB.182.22.6339-6346.2000
Reference
  Authors
Smith MA, Weaver VB, Young DM, Ornston LN.
  Title
Genes for chlorogenate and hydroxycinnamate catabolism (hca) are linked to functionally related genes in the dca-pca-qui-pob-hca chromosomal cluster of Acinetobacter sp. strain ADP1.
  Journal
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:524-32 (2003)
DOI:10.1128/AEM.69.1.524-532.2003
Reference
  Authors
Kuntze K, Shinoda Y, Moutakki H, McInerney MJ, Vogt C, Richnow HH, Boll M
  Title
6-Oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-coenzyme A hydrolases from obligately anaerobic bacteria: characterization and identification of its gene as a functional marker for aromatic compounds degrading anaerobes.
  Journal
Environ Microbiol 10:1547-56 (2008)
DOI:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01570.x
Reference
  Authors
Pelletier DA, Harwood CS
  Title
2-Hydroxycyclohexanecarboxyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, an enzyme characteristic of the anaerobic benzoate degradation pathway used by Rhodopseudomonas palustris.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:2753-60 (2000)
DOI:10.1128/JB.182.10.2753-2760.2000
Reference
  Authors
Elshahed MS, Bhupathiraju VK, Wofford NQ, Nanny MA, McInerney MJ
  Title
Metabolism of benzoate, cyclohex-1-ene carboxylate, and cyclohexane carboxylate by "Syntrophus aciditrophicus" strain SB in syntrophic association with H(2)-using microorganisms.
  Journal
Appl Environ Microbiol 67:1728-38 (2001)
DOI:10.1128/AEM.67.4.1728-1738.2001
Reference
  Authors
Nogales J, Canales A, Jimenez-Barbero J, Serra B, Pingarron JM, Garcia JL, Diaz E
  Title
Unravelling the gallic acid degradation pathway in bacteria: the gal cluster from Pseudomonas putida.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 79:359-74 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07448.x
KO pathway
ko00362   

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