KEGG   PATHWAY: avn00362Help
Entry
avn00362                    Pathway                                

Name
Benzoate degradation - Azotobacter vinelandii DJ
Class
Metabolism; Xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Benzoate degradation
avn00362

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
Benzene degradation, benzene => catechol [PATH:avn00362]
Benzoate degradation, benzoate => catechol / methylbenzoate => methylcatechol [PATH:avn00362]
Catechol meta-cleavage, catechol => acetyl-CoA / 4-methylcatechol => propanoyl-CoA [PATH:avn00362]
Other DBs
BSID: 
UMBBD: 
GO: 
Organism
Azotobacter vinelandii DJ [GN:avn]
Gene
benA; Benzoate-1,2-dioxygenase oxygenase component subunit alpha [KO:K05549] [EC:1.14.12.- 1.14.12.10]
benB; benzoate-1,2-dioxygenase oxygenase component subunit beta [KO:K05550] [EC:1.14.12.- 1.14.12.10]
benC; Benzoate 1,2-Dioxygenase Reductase [KO:K05784] [EC:1.18.1.-]
benD; 1,6-dihydroxycyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate dehydrogenase [KO:K05783] [EC:1.3.1.- 1.3.1.25]
pcaD; 3-oxoadipate enol-lactonase [KO:K01055] [EC:3.1.1.24]
fadA; 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase [KO:K00632] [EC:2.3.1.16]
pcaF; beta-ketoadipyl CoA thiolase [KO:K07823] [EC:2.3.1.174]
dmpK; Phenol hydroxylase subunit DmpK [KO:K16249]
lapK; multi-component phenol hydoxylase, assembly subunit LapK [KO:K16249]
lapL; multi-component phenol hydoxylase subunit beta LapL [KO:K16243]
dpmL; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P1 [KO:K16243]
lapM; multi-component phenol hydoxylase, activator subunit LapM [KO:K16244]
dmpM; phenol hydroxylase, monooxygenase component P2 [KO:K16244]
lapN; multi-component phenol hydoxylase subunit alpha LapN [KO:K16242] [EC:1.14.13.-]
dmpN; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P3 [KO:K16242] [EC:1.14.13.-]
dmpO; Phenol hydroxylase subunit P4 [KO:K16245]
lapO; multi-component phenol hydoxylase subunit gamma LapO [KO:K16245]
dmpP; Phenol hydroxylase, ferredoxin subunit [KO:K16246]
lapP; multi-component phenol hydoxylase, reductase subunit LapP [KO:K16246]
xylE; Catechol 2,3 dioxygenase, XylE [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
lapB; catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, LapB [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
dmpB; Extradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase [KO:K00446] [EC:1.13.11.2]
mhpD; 2-keto-4-pentenoate hydratase [KO:K02554] [EC:4.2.1.80]
xylJ; 4-oxo-4-pentenoate hydratase XylJ [KO:K18364] [EC:4.2.1.132 4.2.1.80]
lapE; 2-hydroxypenta-2,4-dienoate hydratase [KO:K18364] [EC:4.2.1.132 4.2.1.80]
4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase; K01666 4-hydroxy 2-oxovalerate aldolase [EC:4.1.3.39] [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
xylK; 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
mphE; 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase [KO:K01666] [EC:4.1.3.39]
lapG; 4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase [KO:K18365] [EC:4.1.3.43 4.1.3.39]
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase; K04073 acetaldehyde dehydrogenase [EC:1.2.1.10] [KO:K04073] [EC:1.2.1.10]
xylQ; acetaldehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K04073] [EC:1.2.1.10]
lapF; acetaldehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K18366] [EC:1.2.1.87 1.2.1.10]
xylG; 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K10217] [EC:1.2.1.85 1.2.1.32]
lapC; 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K10217] [EC:1.2.1.85 1.2.1.32]
4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase; K01821 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase [EC:5.3.2.6] [KO:K01821] [EC:5.3.2.6]
dmpI; 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase [KO:K01821] [EC:5.3.2.6]
xylI; 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase [KO:K01617] [EC:4.1.1.77]
lapH; 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase [KO:K01617] [EC:4.1.1.77]
pcaG; protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase subunit alpha [KO:K00448] [EC:1.13.11.3]
pcaH; protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase subunit beta [KO:K00449] [EC:1.13.11.3]
adenylosuccinate lyase; K01857 3-carboxy-cis,cis-muconate cycloisomerase [EC:5.5.1.2] [KO:K01857] [EC:5.5.1.2]
pcaB; 3-carboxy-cis,cis-muconate cycloisomerase [KO:K01857] [EC:5.5.1.2]
pcaC; 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase; K01607 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [EC:4.1.1.44] [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase protein; K01607 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [EC:4.1.1.44] [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
hypothetical protein; K01607 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase [EC:4.1.1.44] [KO:K01607] [EC:4.1.1.44]
Extradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase; K04100 protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, alpha chain [EC:1.13.11.8] [KO:K04100] [EC:1.13.11.8]
protocatechuate 4; K04101 protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, beta chain [EC:1.13.11.8] [KO:K04101] [EC:1.13.11.8]
FldA-like protein; K16514 4-oxalomesaconate tautomerase [EC:5.3.2.8] [KO:K16514] [EC:5.3.2.8]
LmbE-like protein; K16515 4-oxalomesaconate hydratase [EC:4.2.1.83] [KO:K16515] [EC:4.2.1.83]
hypothetical protein; K10218 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxoglutarate aldolase [EC:4.1.3.17] [KO:K10218] [EC:4.1.3.17]
pobA; 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase [KO:K00481] [EC:1.14.13.2]
ybgC; acyl-coenzyme A thioester hydrolase [KO:K01075] [EC:3.1.2.23]
4-hydroxybenzoyl CoA thioesterase; K01075 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA thioesterase [EC:3.1.2.23] [KO:K01075] [EC:3.1.2.23]
enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase; K01692 enoyl-CoA hydratase [EC:4.2.1.17] [KO:K01692] [EC:4.2.1.17]
3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase; K00074 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.157] [KO:K00074] [EC:1.1.1.157]
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase; K00074 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.157] [KO:K00074] [EC:1.1.1.157]
aat1; beta-ketothiolase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Thiolase; K00626 acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.9] [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase; K00626 acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.9] [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase; K00626 acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.9] [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase; K00626 acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.9] [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
phbA; acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
Compound
C00022  
Pyruvate
C00024  
Acetyl-CoA
C00036  
Oxaloacetate
C00084  
Acetaldehyde
C00090  
Catechol
C00091  
Succinyl-CoA
C00146  
Phenol
C00156  
4-Hydroxybenzoate
C00180  
Benzoate
C00196  
2,3-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00230  
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00332  
Acetoacetyl-CoA
C00512  
S-Benzoate coenzyme A
C00527  
Glutaryl-CoA
C00530  
Hydroquinone
C00587  
3-Hydroxybenzoate
C00596  
2-Hydroxy-2,4-pentadienoate
C00628  
2,5-Dihydroxybenzoate
C00682  
2-Hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C00846  
3-Oxoadipate
C00877  
Crotonoyl-CoA
C01063  
6-Carboxyhexanoyl-CoA
C01144  
(S)-3-Hydroxybutanoyl-CoA
C01163  
3-Carboxy-cis,cis-muconate
C01278  
2-Carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate
C01407  
Benzene
C02222  
2-Maleylacetate
C02232  
3-Oxoadipyl-CoA
C02411  
Glutaconyl-1-CoA
C02480  
cis,cis-Muconate
C02501  
2-Hydroxymuconate
C02519  
4-Methoxybenzoate
C02814  
Benzene-1,2,4-triol
C02949  
4-Hydroxybenzoyl-CoA
C03453  
gamma-Oxalocrotonate
C03586  
2-Oxo-2,3-dihydrofuran-5-acetate
C03589  
4-Hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate
C03671  
2-Pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate
C03676  
3-Hydroxy-cis,cis-muconate
C04091  
cis-1,2-Dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol
C04115  
4-Carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate
C04324  
(1E,3E)-4-Hydroxybuta-1,3-diene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
C04434  
(1E)-4-Oxobut-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
C04480  
3-Carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C04484  
4-Carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde
C04553  
3-Carboxy-2,5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate
C05375  
2-Hydroxy-2-hydropyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate
C06033  
Parapyruvate
C06035  
4-Methylene-2-oxoglutarate
C06321  
(1R,6S)-1,6-Dihydroxycyclohexa-2,4-diene-1-carboxylate
C06322  
Cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C06333  
2-Aminobenzenesulfonate
C06336  
3-Sulfocatechol
C06714  
3-Hydroxypimeloyl-CoA
C06715  
3-Oxopimeloyl-CoA
C06723  
6-Carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA
C06749  
6-Hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C09809  
Cyclohex-2,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09810  
Cyclohex-1,4-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09811  
Cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09812  
2-Hydroxycyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09813  
2-Ketocyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C09821  
6-Oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA
C09822  
Cyclohexane-1-carboxylate
C09823  
Cyclohexane-1-carboxyl-CoA
C14610  
(S)-5-Oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-acetate
Reference
  Authors
Carmona M, Zamarro MT, Blazquez B, Durante-Rodriguez G, Juarez JF, Valderrama JA, Barragan MJ, Garcia JL, Diaz E
  Title
Anaerobic catabolism of aromatic compounds: a genetic and genomic view.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 73:71-133 (2009)
Reference
  Authors
Hara H, Masai E, Miyauchi K, Katayama Y, Fukuda M.
  Title
Characterization of the 4-carboxy-4-hydroxy-2-oxoadipate aldolase gene and operon structure of the protocatechuate 4,5-cleavage pathway genes in Sphingomonas paucimobilis SYK-6.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 185:41-50 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Maruyama K, Shibayama T, Ichikawa A, Sakou Y, Yamada S, Sugisaki H.
  Title
Cloning and characterization of the genes encoding enzymes for the protocatechuate meta-degradation pathway of Pseudomonas ochraceae NGJ1.
  Journal
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 68:1434-41 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Mampel J, Ruff J, Junker F, Cook AM.
  Title
The oxygenase component of the 2-aminobenzenesulfonate dioxygenase system from Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1.
  Journal
Microbiology 145 ( Pt 11):3255-64 (1999)
Reference
PMID:8002948
  Authors
Junker F, Field JA, Bangerter F, Ramsteiner K, Kohler HP, Joannou CL, Mason JR, Leisinger T, Cook AM.
  Title
Oxygenation and spontaneous deamination of 2-aminobenzenesulphonic acid in Alcaligenes sp. strain O-1 with subsequent meta ring cleavage and spontaneous desulphonation to 2-hydroxymuconic acid.
  Journal
Biochem J 300 ( Pt 2):429-36 (1994)
Reference
PMID:8990279
  Authors
Harwood CS, Gibson J.
  Title
Shedding light on anaerobic benzene ring degradation: a process unique to prokaryotes?
  Journal
J Bacteriol 179:301-9 (1997)
Reference
  Authors
Peters F, Shinoda Y, McInerney MJ, Boll M.
  Title
Cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydratases of Geobacter metallireducens and Syntrophus aciditrophicus: Evidence for a common benzoyl-CoA degradation pathway in facultative and strict anaerobes.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 189:1055-60 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Cowles CE, Nichols NN, Harwood CS.
  Title
BenR, a XylS homologue, regulates three different pathways of aromatic acid degradation in Pseudomonas putida.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:6339-46 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Smith MA, Weaver VB, Young DM, Ornston LN.
  Title
Genes for chlorogenate and hydroxycinnamate catabolism (hca) are linked to functionally related genes in the dca-pca-qui-pob-hca chromosomal cluster of Acinetobacter sp. strain ADP1.
  Journal
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:524-32 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Kuntze K, Shinoda Y, Moutakki H, McInerney MJ, Vogt C, Richnow HH, Boll M
  Title
6-Oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-coenzyme A hydrolases from obligately anaerobic bacteria: characterization and identification of its gene as a functional marker  for aromatic compounds degrading anaerobes.
  Journal
Environ Microbiol 10:1547-56 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Pelletier DA, Harwood CS
  Title
2-Hydroxycyclohexanecarboxyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, an enzyme characteristic of the anaerobic benzoate degradation pathway used by Rhodopseudomonas palustris.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:2753-60 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Elshahed MS, Bhupathiraju VK, Wofford NQ, Nanny MA, McInerney MJ
  Title
Metabolism of benzoate, cyclohex-1-ene carboxylate, and cyclohexane carboxylate by "Syntrophus aciditrophicus" strain SB in syntrophic association with H(2)-using microorganisms.
  Journal
Appl Environ Microbiol 67:1728-38 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Nogales J, Canales A, Jimenez-Barbero J, Serra B, Pingarron JM, Garcia JL, Diaz E
  Title
Unravelling the gallic acid degradation pathway in bacteria: the gal cluster from Pseudomonas putida.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 79:359-74 (2011)
KO pathway
 

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