KEGG   PATHWAY: cgc03420Help
Entry
cgc03420                    Pathway                                

Name
Nucleotide excision repair - Cyanobium gracile
Description
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar.
Class
Genetic Information Processing; Replication and repair
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Nucleotide excision repair
cgc03420

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GO: 
Organism
Cyanobium gracile [GN:cgc]
Gene
transcription-repair coupling factor Mfd; K03723 transcription-repair coupling factor (superfamily II helicase) [EC:3.6.4.-] [KO:K03723] [EC:3.6.4.-]
excinuclease ABC subunit A; K03701 excinuclease ABC subunit A [KO:K03701]
excinuclease ABC subunit B; K03702 excinuclease ABC subunit B [KO:K03702]
excinuclease ABC subunit C; K03703 excinuclease ABC subunit C [KO:K03703]
DNA/RNA helicase; K03657 DNA helicase II / ATP-dependent DNA helicase PcrA [EC:3.6.4.12] [KO:K03657] [EC:3.6.4.12]
DNA polymerase I; K02335 DNA polymerase I [EC:2.7.7.7] [KO:K02335] [EC:2.7.7.7]
ATP-dependent DNA ligase; K01971 DNA ligase (ATP) [EC:6.5.1.1] [KO:K01971] [EC:6.5.1.1]
NAD-dependent DNA ligase; K01972 DNA ligase (NAD+) [EC:6.5.1.2] [KO:K01972] [EC:6.5.1.2]
Reference
  Authors
Sugasawa K.
  Title
[Molecular mechanism of mammalian nucleotide excision repair] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 46:893-901 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Nakatsu Y.
  Title
[Transcription-coupled repair and Cockayne syndrome] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 46:908-15 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Nakagawa N, Masui R, Kuramitsu S.
  Title
[Structure and function of DNA repair enzyme UvrB from Thermus thermophilus HB8] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 46:968-75 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Kraemer KH, Patronas NJ, Schiffmann R, Brooks BP, Tamura D, DiGiovanna JJ.
  Title
Xeroderma pigmentosum, trichothiodystrophy and Cockayne syndrome: a complex genotype-phenotype relationship.
  Journal
Neuroscience 145:1388-96 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Saldivar JS, Wu X, Follen M, Gershenson D.
  Title
Nucleotide excision repair pathway review I: implications in ovarian cancer and platinum sensitivity.
  Journal
Gynecol Oncol 107:S56-71 (2007)
Reference
  Authors
Sugasawa K.
  Title
[DNA repair pathways involving Cul4A ubiquitin ligases] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 51:1339-44 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Ito S, Ando D, Tanaka K.
  Title
[Cross-talk between DNA repair and transcription: molecular mechanism and disorders] Japanese
  Journal
Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 52:1823-31 (2007)
KO pathway
 

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