KEGG   PATHWAY: dth00900Help
Entry
dth00900                    Pathway                                

Name
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis - Dictyoglomus thermophilum
Description
Terpenoids, also known as isoprenoids, are a large class of natural products consisting of isoprene (C5) units. There are two biosynthetic pathways, the mevalonate pathway [MD:M00095] and the non-mevalonate pathway or the MEP/DOXP pathway [MD:M00096], for the terpenoid building blocks: isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). The action of prenyltransferases then generates higher-order building blocks: geranyl diphosphate (GPP), farsenyl diphosphate (FPP), and geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP), which are the precursors of monoterpenoids (C10), sesquiterpenoids (C15), and diterpenoids (C20), respectively. Condensation of these building blocks gives rise to the precursors of sterols (C30) and carotenoids (C40). The MEP/DOXP pathway is absent in higher animals and fungi, but in green plants the MEP/DOXP and mevalonate pathways co-exist in separate cellular compartments. The MEP/DOXP pathway, operating in the plastids, is responsible for the formation of essential oil monoterpenes and linalyl acetate, some sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, and carotenoids and phytol. The mevalonate pathway, operating in the cytosol, gives rise to triterpenes, sterols, and most sesquiterpenes.
Class
Metabolism; Metabolism of terpenoids and polyketides
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
dth00900

All organismsOrtholog table
Other DBs
BSID: 
GO: 
Organism
Dictyoglomus thermophilum [GN:dth]
Gene
dxs; 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase [KO:K01662] [EC:2.2.1.7]
dxr; 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase [KO:K00099] [EC:1.1.1.267]
ispD; 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [KO:K00991] [EC:2.7.7.60]
ispE; 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol kinase [KO:K00919] [EC:2.7.1.148]
ispF; 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase [KO:K01770] [EC:4.6.1.12]
ispG; 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl diphosphate synthase [KO:K03526] [EC:1.17.7.1]
ispH; 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate reductase [KO:K03527] [EC:1.17.1.2]
geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthetase (ggpp synthetase) (ggps); K13787 geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase, type I [EC:2.5.1.1 2.5.1.10 2.5.1.29] [KO:K13787] [EC:2.5.1.29 2.5.1.10 2.5.1.1]
heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase component I; K00805 heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase [EC:2.5.1.30] [KO:K00805] [EC:2.5.1.30]
uppS; di-trans,poly-cis-decaprenylcistransferase [KO:K00806] [EC:2.5.1.31]
zmpste24; K06013 STE24 endopeptidase [EC:3.4.24.84] [KO:K06013] [EC:3.4.24.84]
Compound
C00022  
Pyruvate
C00024  
Acetyl-CoA
C00118  
D-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
C00129  
Isopentenyl diphosphate
C00235  
Dimethylallyl diphosphate
C00332  
Acetoacetyl-CoA
C00341  
Geranyl diphosphate
C00353  
Geranylgeranyl diphosphate
C00356  
(S)-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA
C00418  
(R)-Mevalonate
C00448  
trans,trans-Farnesyl diphosphate
C00621  
Dolichyl diphosphate
C01107  
(R)-5-Phosphomevalonate
C01126  
(2E,6E)-Farnesol
C01143  
(R)-5-Diphosphomevalonate
C01230  
all-trans-Hexaprenyl diphosphate
C02321  
Rubber particle
C03461  
2-trans,6-trans-Farnesal
C04145  
all-trans-Nonaprenyl diphosphate
C04146  
all-trans-Octaprenyl diphosphate
C04216  
all-trans-Heptaprenyl diphosphate
C04506  
Protein C-terminal S-farnesyl-L-cysteine
C04574  
di-trans,poly-cis-Undecaprenyl diphosphate
C04748  
Protein C-terminal S-farnesyl-L-cysteine methyl ester
C05427  
Phytyl diphosphate
C05859  
Dehydrodolichol diphosphate
C11434  
2-C-Methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate
C11435  
4-(Cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol
C11436  
2-Phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol
C11437  
1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate
C11453  
2-C-Methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate
C11811  
1-Hydroxy-2-methyl-2-butenyl 4-diphosphate
C16521  
Isoprene
C16826  
2-cis,6-trans-Farnesyl diphosphate
C17432  
all-trans-Decaprenyl diphosphate
C18321  
(2Z,6Z,10Z,14Z,18Z,22Z,26Z,30Z,34E)-Decaprenyl diphosphate
C19691  
Farnesylcysteine
C19760  
(2Z,6Z)-Farnesyl diphosphate
C19852  
tritrans,heptacis-Undecaprenyl diphosphate
C19853  
trans,polycis-Polyprenyl diphosphate
C20120  
S-Farnesyl protein
C20121  
trans,trans-Farnesyl phosphate
C20345  
Isopentenyl phosphate
C20847  
(R)-Mevalonate 3-phosphate
C20848  
(R)-Mevalonate 3,5-bisphosphate
Reference
  Authors
Lange BM, Ghassemian M.
  Title
Genome organization in Arabidopsis thaliana: a survey for genes involved in isoprenoid and chlorophyll metabolism.
  Journal
Plant Mol Biol 51:925-48 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Saiki R, Nagata A, Kainou T, Matsuda H, Kawamukai M
  Title
Characterization of solanesyl and decaprenyl diphosphate synthases in mice and humans.
  Journal
FEBS J 272:5606-22 (2005)
Reference
PMID:9858571
  Authors
Sato M, Sato K, Nishikawa S, Hirata A, Kato J, Nakano A
  Title
The yeast RER2 gene, identified by endoplasmic reticulum protein localization mutations, encodes cis-prenyltransferase, a key enzyme in dolichol synthesis.
  Journal
Mol Cell Biol 19:471-83 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Vannice JC, Skaff DA, Keightley A, Addo J, Wyckoff GJ, Miziorko HM
  Title
Identification in Haloferax volcanii of Phosphomevalonate Decarboxylase and Isopentenyl Phosphate Kinase as Catalysts of the Terminal Enzymatic Reactions in  an Archaeal Alternate Mevalonate Pathway.
  Journal
J Bacteriol (2013)
KO pathway
 

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