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Entry
map02030                    Pathway                                

Name
Bacterial chemotaxis
Description
Chemotaxis is the process by which cells sense chemical gradients in their environment and then move towards more favorable conditions. In chemotaxis, events at the receptors control autophosphorylation of the CheA histidine kinase, and the phosphohistidine is the substrate for the response regulator CheY, which catalyzes the transfer of the phosphoryl group to a conserved aspartate. The resulting CheY-P can interact with the switch mechanism in the motor. This interaction causes a change in behavior, such as in direction or speed of rotation of flagella.
Class
Cellular Processes; Cell motility
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Bacterial chemotaxis
map02030

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
M00506  
CheA-CheYBV (chemotaxis) two-component regulatory system [PATH:map02030]
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Reference
  Authors
Kristich CJ, Ordal GW.
  Title
Bacillus subtilis CheD is a chemoreceptor modification enzyme required for chemotaxis.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 277:25356-62 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Kirby JR, Kristich CJ, Saulmon MM, Zimmer MA, Garrity LF, Zhulin IB, Ordal GW.
  Title
CheC is related to the family of flagellar switch proteins and acts independently from CheD to control chemotaxis in Bacillus subtilis.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 42:573-85 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Szurmant H, Bunn MW, Cannistraro VJ, Ordal GW.
  Title
Bacillus subtilis hydrolyzes CheY-P at the location of its action, the flagellar switch.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 278:48611-6 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Szurmant H, Muff TJ, Ordal GW.
  Title
Bacillus subtilis CheC and FliY are members of a novel class of CheY-P-hydrolyzing proteins in the chemotactic signal transduction cascade.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 279:21787-92 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Yoshihara S, Geng X, Okamoto S, Yura K, Murata T, Go M, Ohmori M, Ikeuchi M.
  Title
Mutational analysis of genes involved in pilus structure, motility and transformation competency in the unicellular motile cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.
  Journal
Plant Cell Physiol 42:63-73 (2001)
Reference
PMID:8104179
  Authors
Darzins A.
  Title
The pilG gene product, required for Pseudomonas aeruginosa pilus production and twitching motility, is homologous to the enteric, single-domain response regulator CheY.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 175:5934-44 (1993)
Reference
  Authors
Szurmant H, Ordal GW
  Title
Diversity in chemotaxis mechanisms among the bacteria and archaea.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68:301-19 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Rao CV, Glekas GD, Ordal GW
  Title
The three adaptation systems of Bacillus subtilis chemotaxis.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 16:480-7 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Muff TJ, Ordal GW
  Title
The diverse CheC-type phosphatases: chemotaxis and beyond.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 70:1054-61 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Miller LD, Russell MH, Alexandre G
  Title
Diversity in bacterial chemotactic responses and niche adaptation.
  Journal
Adv Appl Microbiol 66:53-75 (2009)
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