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Entry
map04720                    Pathway                                

Name
Long-term potentiation
Description
Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippocampus induces glutamate release and activation of glutamate receptors in dendritic spines. A large increase in [Ca2+]i resulting from influx through NMDA receptors leads to constitutive activation of CaM kinase II (CaM KII) . Constitutively active CaM kinase II phosphorylates AMPA receptors, resulting in potentiation of the ionic conductance of AMPA receptors. Early-phase LTP (E-LTP) expression is due, in part, to this phosphorylation of the AMPA receptor. It is hypothesized that postsynaptic Ca2+ increases generated through NMDA receptors activate several signal transduction pathways including the Erk/MAP kinase and cAMP regulatory pathways. The convergence of these pathways at the level of the CREB/CRE transcriptional pathway may increase expression of a family of genes required for late-phase LTP (L-LTP).
Class
Organismal Systems; Nervous system
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Long-term potentiation
map04720

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Reference
  Authors
Blitzer RD, Iyengar R, Landau EM.
  Title
Postsynaptic signaling networks: cellular cogwheels underlying long-term plasticity.
  Journal
Biol Psychiatry 57:113-9 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Soderling TR, Derkach VA.
  Title
Postsynaptic protein phosphorylation and LTP.
  Journal
Trends Neurosci 23:75-80 (2000)
Reference
  Authors
Poser S, Storm DR.
  Title
Role of Ca2+-stimulated adenylyl cyclases in LTP and memory formation.
  Journal
Int J Dev Neurosci 19:387-94 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Xia Z, Storm DR.
  Title
The role of calmodulin as a signal integrator for synaptic plasticity.
  Journal
Nat Rev Neurosci 6:267-76 (2005)
Reference
  Authors
Purves D, Augustine GJ (ed).
  Title
Neuroscience
  Journal
Sunderland, Mass.:Sinauer Associates (2004)
Reference
(Japanese)
  Authors
Futai K, Hayashi Y.
  Title
[Molecular mechanisms of hippocampal long-term potentiation.] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Experimental Medicine 21(17):2361-2369 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Lynch MA.
  Title
Long-term potentiation and memory.
  Journal
Physiol Rev 84:87-136 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Kelly PT, Mackinnon RL 2nd, Dietz RV, Maher BJ, Wang J.
  Title
Postsynaptic IP3 receptor-mediated Ca2+ release modulates synaptic transmission in hippocampal neurons.
  Journal
Brain Res Mol Brain Res 135:232-48 (2005)
Reference
PMID:9697848
  Authors
Berridge MJ.
  Title
Neuronal calcium signaling.
  Journal
Neuron 21:13-26 (1998)
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