KEGG   PATHWAY: pen00030Help
pen00030                    Pathway                                

Pentose phosphate pathway - Pseudomonas entomophila
The pentose phosphate pathway is a process of glucose turnover that produces NADPH as reducing equivalents and pentoses as essential parts of nucleotides. There are two different phases in the pathway. One is irreversible oxidative phase in which glucose-6P is converted to ribulose-5P by oxidative decarboxylation, and NADPH is generated [MD:M00006]. The other is reversible non-oxidative phase in which phosphorylated sugars are interconverted to generate xylulose-5P, ribulose-5P, and ribose-5P [MD:M00007]. Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) formed from ribose-5P [MD:M00005] is an activated compound used in the biosynthesis of histidine and purine/pyrimidine nucleotides. This pathway map also shows the Entner-Doudoroff pathway where 6-P-gluconate is dehydrated and then cleaved into pyruvate and glyceraldehyde-3P [MD:M00008].
Metabolism; Carbohydrate metabolism
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
pen00030  Pentose phosphate pathway

Ortholog table
pen_M00004  Pentose phosphate pathway (Pentose phosphate cycle) [PATH:pen00030]
pen_M00005  PRPP biosynthesis, ribose 5P => PRPP [PATH:pen00030]
pen_M00006  Pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phase, glucose 6P => ribulose 5P [PATH:pen00030]
pen_M00007  Pentose phosphate pathway, non-oxidative phase, fructose 6P => ribose 5P [PATH:pen00030]
pen_M00008  Entner-Doudoroff pathway, glucose-6P => glyceraldehyde-3P + pyruvate [PATH:pen00030]
Other DBs
BSID: 35280
GO: 0006098
Pseudomonas entomophila [GN:pen]
PSEEN4737  pgi; glucose-6-phosphate isomerase [KO:K01810] [EC:]
PSEEN4405  zwf-1; glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [KO:K00036] [EC:]
PSEEN5500  zwf-3; glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [KO:K00036] [EC:]
PSEEN1940  zwf-2; glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase [KO:K00036] [EC:]
PSEEN4404  pgl; 6-phosphogluconolactonase [KO:K01057] [EC:]
PSEEN1939  gnd; 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase [KO:K00033] [EC:]
PSEEN0442  rpe; D-ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase [KO:K01783] [EC:]
PSEEN5024  tktA; transketolase 1 thiamin-binding, isozyme [KO:K00615] [EC:]
PSEEN3692  tal; transaldolase [KO:K00616] [EC:]
PSEEN5243  rpiA; ribose 5-phosphate isomerase [KO:K01807] [EC:]
PSEEN1956  putative ribokinase RbsK [KO:K00852] [EC:]
PSEEN2645  pgm; phosphoglucomutase, alpha-D-glucose phosphate-specific [KO:K01835] [EC:]
PSEEN5434  algC; phosphomannomutase [KO:K15778] [EC:]
PSEEN3864  phnN; ATP-binding protein PhnN [KO:K05774] [EC:]
PSEEN0857  prs; ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase (Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase) [KO:K00948] [EC:]
PSEEN4417  edd; phosphogluconate dehydratase (6-phosphogluconate dehydratase) [KO:K01690] [EC:]
PSEEN4403  eda; 2-dehydro-3-deoxyphosphogluconate aldolase/4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate aldolase [KO:K01625] [EC:]
PSEEN2956  NAD-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenase [KO:K00131] [EC:]
PSEEN1170  putative glucose dehydrogenase Gcd [KO:K00117] [EC:]
PSEEN4562  putative D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase [KO:K00090] [EC:]
PSEEN2421  gluconokinase [KO:K00851] [EC:]
PSEEN1669  putative hydroxypyruvate reductase [KO:K11529] [EC:]
PSEEN0924  trxB; thioredoxin reductase [KO:K22345] [EC:]
PSEEN5019  fda; fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase, class II [KO:K01624] [EC:]
PSEEN5106  fbp; fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase [KO:K03841] [EC:]
C00022  Pyruvate
C00031  D-Glucose
C00117  D-Ribose 5-phosphate
C00118  D-Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
C00119  5-Phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
C00121  D-Ribose
C00197  3-Phospho-D-glycerate
C00198  D-Glucono-1,5-lactone
C00199  D-Ribulose 5-phosphate
C00204  2-Dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate
C00221  beta-D-Glucose
C00231  D-Xylulose 5-phosphate
C00257  D-Gluconic acid
C00258  D-Glycerate
C00279  D-Erythrose 4-phosphate
C00345  6-Phospho-D-gluconate
C00577  D-Glyceraldehyde
C00620  alpha-D-Ribose 1-phosphate
C00631  2-Phospho-D-glycerate
C00668  alpha-D-Glucose 6-phosphate
C00672  2-Deoxy-D-ribose 1-phosphate
C00673  2-Deoxy-D-ribose 5-phosphate
C01151  D-Ribose 1,5-bisphosphate
C01172  beta-D-Glucose 6-phosphate
C01218  6-Phospho-2-dehydro-D-gluconate
C01236  D-Glucono-1,5-lactone 6-phosphate
C01801  Deoxyribose
C03752  2-Amino-2-deoxy-D-gluconate
C04442  2-Dehydro-3-deoxy-6-phospho-D-gluconate
C05345  beta-D-Fructose 6-phosphate
C05378  beta-D-Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
C05382  Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate
C06019  D-arabino-Hex-3-ulose 6-phosphate
C06473  2-Keto-D-gluconic acid
C20589  D-Glucosaminate-6-phosphate
(map 3)
Nishizuka Y (ed).
[Metabolic Maps] (In Japanese)
Tokyo Kagaku Dojin (1980)
(map 4)
Nishizuka Y, Seyama Y, Ikai A, Ishimura Y, Kawaguchi A (eds).
[Cellular Functions and Metabolic Maps] (In Japanese)
Tokyo Kagaku Dojin (1997)
Michal G.
Biochemical Pathways
Wiley (1999)
Hove-Jensen B, Rosenkrantz TJ, Haldimann A, Wanner BL.
Escherichia coli phnN, encoding ribose 1,5-bisphosphokinase activity (phosphoribosyl diphosphate forming): dual role in phosphonate degradation and NAD biosynthesis pathways.
J Bacteriol 185:2793-801 (2003)
Orita I, Sato T, Yurimoto H, Kato N, Atomi H, Imanaka T, Sakai Y
The ribulose monophosphate pathway substitutes for the missing pentose phosphate pathway in the archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis.
J Bacteriol 188:4698-704 (2006)
Kato N, Yurimoto H, Thauer RK
The physiological role of the ribulose monophosphate pathway in bacteria and archaea.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 70:10-21 (2006)
Kouril T, Wieloch P, Reimann J, Wagner M, Zaparty M, Albers SV, Schomburg D, Ruoff P, Siebers B
Unraveling the function of the two Entner-Doudoroff branches in the thermoacidophilic Crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus P2.
FEBS J 280:1126-38 (2013)
Reher M, Schonheit P
Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenases from the thermoacidophilic euryarchaeota Picrophilus torridus and Thermoplasma acidophilum, key enzymes of the non-phosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway, constitute a novel enzyme family within the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily.
FEBS Lett 580:1198-204 (2006)
Reher M, Fuhrer T, Bott M, Schonheit P
The nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway in the thermoacidophilic euryarchaeon Picrophilus torridus involves a novel 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate- specific aldolase.
J Bacteriol 192:964-74 (2010)
KO pathway

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