KEGG   PATHWAY: pon04664Help
pon04664                    Pathway                                

Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway - Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan)
Fc epsilon RI-mediated signaling pathways in mast cells are initiated by the interaction of antigen (Ag) with IgE bound to the extracellular domain of the alpha chain of Fc epsilon RI. The activation pathways are regulated both positively and negatively by the interactions of numerous signaling molecules. Mast cells that are thus activated release preformed granules which contain biogenic amines (especially histamines) and proteoglycans (especially heparin). The activation of phospholipase A2 causes the release of membrane lipids followed by development of lipid mediators such as leukotrienes (LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4) and prostaglandins (especially PDG2). There is also secretion of cytokines, the most important of which are TNF-alpha, IL-4 and IL-5. These mediators and cytokines contribute to inflammatory responses.
Organismal Systems; Immune system
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Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway

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Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) [GN:pon]
putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8; K06856 immunoglobulin heavy chain [KO:K06856]
putative V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing-like protein IGHV4OR15-8; K06856 immunoglobulin heavy chain [KO:K06856]
uncharacterized LOC100938204; K06856 immunoglobulin heavy chain [KO:K06856]
FCER1A; Fc fragment of IgE, high affinity I, receptor for [KO:K08089]
MS4A2; membrane-spanning 4-domains, subfamily A, member 2 [KO:K08090]
FCER1G; Fc fragment of IgE, high affinity I, receptor for [KO:K07983]
SYK; tyrosine-protein kinase SYK [KO:K05855] [EC:]
LYN; LYN proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase [KO:K05854] [EC:]
BTK; Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase [KO:K07370] [EC:]
INPP5D; phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase 1 [KO:K03084] [EC:]
PLCG1; phospholipase C, gamma 1 [KO:K01116] [EC:]
PLCG2; phospholipase C, gamma 2 (phosphatidylinositol-specific) [KO:K05859] [EC:]
PIK3CB; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit beta [KO:K00922] [EC:]
PIK3CG; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit gamma [KO:K00922] [EC:]
PIK3CA; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha [KO:K00922] [EC:]
PIK3CD; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit delta [KO:K00922] [EC:]
PIK3R3; phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 3 (gamma) [KO:K02649]
PIK3R5; phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 5 [KO:K02649]
PIK3R1; phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 1 (alpha) [KO:K02649]
DKFZP459B1536 protein; K02649 phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit [KO:K02649]
PIK3R2; phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 2 (beta) [KO:K02649]
PDPK1; 3-phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase 1 [KO:K06276] [EC:]
AKT2; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 2 [KO:K04456] [EC:]
AKT3; v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 3 [KO:K04456] [EC:]
RAC1; ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac1) [KO:K04392]
RAC2; ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac2) [KO:K07860]
dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4; K04430 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 [EC:] [KO:K04430] [EC:]
MAP2K7; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 [KO:K04431] [EC:]
MAP2K3; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 [KO:K04432] [EC:]
MAP2K6; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6 [KO:K04433] [EC:]
MAPK10; mitogen-activated protein kinase 10 [KO:K04440] [EC:]
MAPK9; mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 [KO:K04440] [EC:]
MAPK8; mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 [KO:K04440] [EC:]
MAPK14; mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
MAPK13; mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
MAPK12; mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 [KO:K04441] [EC:]
IL4; interleukin 4 [KO:K05430]
IL13; interleukin 13 [KO:K05435]
IL3; interleukin 3 [KO:K04736]
IL5; interleukin 5 [KO:K05428]
CSF2; colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage) [KO:K05427]
TNF; tumor necrosis factor [KO:K03156]
LCP2; lymphocyte cytosolic protein 2 (SH2 domain containing leukocyte protein of 76kDa) [KO:K07361]
VAV3; vav 3 guanine nucleotide exchange factor [KO:K05730]
VAV2; vav 2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor [KO:K05730]
VAV1; vav 1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor [KO:K05730]
FYN; FYN proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase [KO:K05703] [EC:]
GAB2; GRB2-associated binding protein 2 [KO:K08091]
LAT; linker for activation of T cells [KO:K07362]
GRB2; growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 [KO:K04364]
SOS2; son of sevenless homolog 2 (Drosophila) [KO:K03099]
SOS1; son of sevenless homolog 1 (Drosophila) [KO:K03099]
HRAS; Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog [KO:K02833]
KRAS; Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog [KO:K07827]
NRAS; neuroblastoma RAS viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog [KO:K07828]
RAF1; Raf-1 proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase [KO:K04366] [EC:]
MAP2K1; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 [KO:K04368] [EC:]
MAP2K2; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 [KO:K04369] [EC:]
MAPK1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 [KO:K04371] [EC:]
MAPK3; mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 [KO:K04371] [EC:]
PLA2G4E; phospholipase A2, group IVE [KO:K16342] [EC:]
PLA2G4A; phospholipase A2, group IVA (cytosolic, calcium-dependent) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
PLA2G4B; phospholipase A2, group IVB (cytosolic) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
PLA2G4C; phospholipase A2, group IVC (cytosolic, calcium-independent) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
PLA2G4D; phospholipase A2, group IVD (cytosolic) [KO:K16342] [EC:]
PLA2G4F; phospholipase A2, group IVF [KO:K16342] [EC:]
Calcium cation
Prostaglandin D2
D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
Leukotriene C4
Leukotriene D4
Leukotriene E4
Kawakami T, Galli SJ.
Regulation of mast-cell and basophil function and survival by IgE.
Nat Rev Immunol 2:773-86 (2002)
Siraganian RP.
Mast cell signal transduction from the high-affinity IgE receptor.
Curr Opin Immunol 15:639-46 (2003)
Janeway CA, Travers P, Walport M, Shlomchik MJ.
Immunobiology 6th edition
Garland Science Publishing (2005)
Turner H, Kinet JP.
Signalling through the high-affinity IgE receptor Fc epsilonRI.
Nature 402:B24-30 (1999)
Gilfillan AM, Tkaczyk C.
Integrated signalling pathways for mast-cell activation.
Nat Rev Immunol 6:218-30 (2006)
Nadler MJ, Matthews SA, Turner H, Kinet JP.
Signal transduction by the high-affinity immunoglobulin E receptor Fc epsilon RI: coupling form to function.
Adv Immunol 76:325-55 (2000)
Gu H, Saito K, Klaman LD, Shen J, Fleming T, Wang Y, Pratt JC, Lin G, Lim B, Kinet JP, Neel BG.
Essential role for Gab2 in the allergic response.
Nature 412:186-90 (2001)
Nadler MJ, Kinet JP.
Uncovering new complexities in mast cell signaling.
Nat Immunol 3:707-8 (2002)
KO pathway

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