KEGG   PATHWAY: sln00020Help
Entry
sln00020                    Pathway                                

Name
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle) - Staphylococcus lugdunensis N920143
Description
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011].
Class
Metabolism; Carbohydrate metabolism
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
sln00020

All organismsOrtholog table
Module
Gluconeogenesis, oxaloacetate => fructose-6P [PATH:sln00020]
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) [PATH:sln00020]
Citrate cycle, first carbon oxidation, oxaloacetate => 2-oxoglutarate [PATH:sln00020]
Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate [PATH:sln00020]
Pyruvate oxidation, pyruvate => acetyl-CoA [PATH:sln00020]
Other DBs
BSID: 
GO: 
Organism
Staphylococcus lugdunensis N920143 [GN:sln]
Gene
citZ; citrate synthase II [KO:K01647] [EC:2.3.3.1]
citB; aconitate hydratase [KO:K01681] [EC:4.2.1.3]
citC; isocitrate dehydrogenase [KO:K00031] [EC:1.1.1.42]
odhA; 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E1 component [KO:K00164] [EC:1.2.4.2]
odhB; dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase E2 component of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex [KO:K00658] [EC:2.3.1.61]
bfmBC; putative dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase [KO:K00382] [EC:1.8.1.4]
pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family protein; K00382 dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase [EC:1.8.1.4] [KO:K00382] [EC:1.8.1.4]
pdhD; dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase [KO:K00382] [EC:1.8.1.4]
putative pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase; K00382 dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase [EC:1.8.1.4] [KO:K00382] [EC:1.8.1.4]
putative pyruvate flavodoxin/ferredoxin oxidoreductase; K00174 2-oxoglutarate ferredoxin oxidoreductase subunit alpha [EC:1.2.7.3] [KO:K00174] [EC:1.2.7.3]
hypothetical protein; K00175 2-oxoglutarate ferredoxin oxidoreductase subunit beta [EC:1.2.7.3] [KO:K00175] [EC:1.2.7.3]
putative succinyl-CoA ligase; K01902 succinyl-CoA synthetase alpha subunit [EC:6.2.1.5] [KO:K01902] [EC:6.2.1.5]
putative CoA synthetase protein; K01903 succinyl-CoA synthetase beta subunit [EC:6.2.1.5] [KO:K01903] [EC:6.2.1.5]
sdhA; putative succinate dehydrogenase flavoprotein subunit [KO:K00239] [EC:1.3.5.1]
sdhB; putative succinate dehydrogenase iron-sulfur protein [KO:K00240] [EC:1.3.5.1]
sdhC; putative succinate dehydrogenase cytochrome b558 [KO:K00241]
NADH oxidase family protein; K00244 fumarate reductase flavoprotein subunit [EC:1.3.5.4] [KO:K00244] [EC:1.3.5.4]
citG; fumarate hydratase, class-II [KO:K01679] [EC:4.2.1.2]
lactate/malate dehydrogenase family protein; K00024 malate dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.37] [KO:K00024] [EC:1.1.1.37]
mqo2; putative malate:quinone oxidoreductase 2 [KO:K00116] [EC:1.1.5.4]
mqo1; putative malate:quinone oxidoreductase 1 [KO:K00116] [EC:1.1.5.4]
putative pyruvate carboxylase; K01958 pyruvate carboxylase [EC:6.4.1.1] [KO:K01958] [EC:6.4.1.1]
pckA; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase [KO:K01610] [EC:4.1.1.49]
deheydrogenase E1 component family protein; K00161 pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component alpha subunit [EC:1.2.4.1] [KO:K00161] [EC:1.2.4.1]
pdhA; putative pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component,alpha subunit [KO:K00161] [EC:1.2.4.1]
putative transketolase; K00162 pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component beta subunit [EC:1.2.4.1] [KO:K00162] [EC:1.2.4.1]
pdhB; putative pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component,beta subunit [KO:K00162] [EC:1.2.4.1]
2-oxoacid dehydrogenases acyltransferase family protein; K00627 pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 component (dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase) [EC:2.3.1.12] [KO:K00627] [EC:2.3.1.12]
pdhC; dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex [KO:K00627] [EC:2.3.1.12]
Compound
C00022  
Pyruvate
C00024  
Acetyl-CoA
C00026  
2-Oxoglutarate
C00036  
Oxaloacetate
C00042  
Succinate
C00068  
Thiamin diphosphate
C00074  
Phosphoenolpyruvate
C00091  
Succinyl-CoA
C00122  
Fumarate
C00149  
(S)-Malate
C00158  
Citrate
C00311  
Isocitrate
C00417  
cis-Aconitate
C05125  
2-(alpha-Hydroxyethyl)thiamine diphosphate
C05379  
Oxalosuccinate
C05381  
3-Carboxy-1-hydroxypropyl-ThPP
C15972  
Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine
C15973  
Enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine
C16254  
[Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue succinyltransferase] S-succinyldihydrolipoyllysine
C16255  
[Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine
Reference
(map 2)
  Authors
Nishizuka Y (ed).
  Title
[Metabolic Maps] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Tokyo Kagaku Dojin (1980)
Reference
(map 3)
  Authors
Nishizuka Y, Seyama Y, Ikai A, Ishimura Y, Kawaguchi A (eds).
  Title
[Cellular Functions and Metabolic Maps] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Tokyo Kagaku Dojin (1997)
Reference
  Authors
Michal G.
  Title
Biochemical Pathways
  Journal
Wiley (1999)
KO pathway
 

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