KEGG   COMPOUND: C00042Help
Entry
C00042                      Compound                               

Name
Succinate;
Succinic acid;
Butanedionic acid;
Ethylenesuccinic acid
Formula
C4H6O4
Exact mass
118.0266
Mol weight
118.088
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB search
Reaction
R00402 R00405 R00406 R00407 R00408 R00409 R00410 R00411
R00412 R00432 R00479 R00499 R00713 R00714 R00727 R00999
R01252 R01288 R01412 R01559 R01780 R01867 R01879 R02084
R02160 R02164 R02397 R02407 R02444 R02445 R02486 R02508
R02603 R02734 R02990 R03008 R03009 R03126 R03154 R03218
R03219 R03260 R03376 R03451 R03590 R03640 R03698 R03737
R03806 R03807 R03809 R03812 R04073 R04276 R04946 R05036
R05037 R05039 R05097 R05126 R05127 R05228 R05229 R05301
R05302 R05320 R05419 R05466 R05468 R05469 R05493 R05588
R05722 R05723 R05857 R06322 R06323 R06335 R06336 R06337
 » show all
Pathway
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00190  Oxidative phosphorylation
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00310  Lysine degradation
map00350  Tyrosine metabolism
map00360  Phenylalanine metabolism
map00361  Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00640  Propanoate metabolism
map00650  Butanoate metabolism
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map00760  Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
map00920  Sulfur metabolism
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01130  Biosynthesis of antibiotics
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01220  Degradation of aromatic compounds
map02020  Two-component system
map04024  cAMP signaling pathway
map04727  GABAergic synapse
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00027  GABA (gamma-Aminobutyrate) shunt
M00148  Succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)
M00149  Succinate dehydrogenase, prokaryotes
M00150  Fumarate reductase, prokaryotes
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00376  3-Hydroxypropionate bi-cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
Enzyme
1.2.1.16        1.2.1.24        1.2.1.79        1.3.1.6         
1.3.4.1         1.3.5.1         1.3.5.4         1.3.98.1        
1.3.99.-        1.14.11.1       1.14.11.2       1.14.11.3       
1.14.11.4       1.14.11.6       1.14.11.7       1.14.11.8       
1.14.11.9       1.14.11.10      1.14.11.11      1.14.11.12      
1.14.11.13      1.14.11.15      1.14.11.16      1.14.11.17      
1.14.11.18      1.14.11.20      1.14.11.21      1.14.11.24      
1.14.11.25      1.14.11.26      1.14.11.27      1.14.11.28      
1.14.11.31      1.14.11.32      1.14.11.35      1.14.11.36      
1.14.11.37      1.14.11.38      1.14.11.39      1.14.11.40      
1.14.11.41      1.14.11.42      1.14.11.43      1.14.11.44      
1.14.11.45      1.14.11.46      1.14.11.48      1.14.11.49      
1.14.11.51      1.14.11.52      1.14.11.55      1.14.11.56      
1.14.11.57      1.14.11.58      1.14.11.59      1.14.11.60      
1.14.11.61      1.14.11.62      1.14.11.63      1.14.11.-       
1.14.20.1       1.14.20.3       1.14.20.4       1.14.20.5       
1.14.20.6       1.14.20.7       1.14.20.8       1.14.20.9       
1.14.20.10      1.14.20.11      1.14.20.12      1.14.20.13      
1.14.20.14      1.14.20.15      1.14.20.-       2.5.1.48        
2.5.1.-         2.8.3.2         2.8.3.5         2.8.3.6         
2.8.3.13        2.8.3.15        2.8.3.18        2.8.3.20        
2.8.3.22        2.8.3.-         3.1.2.3         3.1.2.13        
3.5.1.18        3.5.1.96        3.7.1.14        4.1.3.1         
4.1.3.30        6.2.1.4         6.2.1.5
 » show all
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   Dicarboxylic acids
    C00042  Succinate
Pharmaceutical additives in Japan [BR:br08316]
 Flavoring substance
  C00042  [106962] Succinate
 pH regulator
  C00042  [106962] Succinate
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 110-15-6
PubChem: 3344
ChEBI: 15741
ChEMBL: CHEMBL576
LIPIDMAPS: LMFA01170043
KNApSAcK: C00001205
PDB-CCD: SIN[PDBj]
3DMET: B00012
NIKKAJI: J2.879G
KCF data Show

ATOM        8
            1   O6a O    16.9400  -13.4400
            2   C6a C    18.1524  -12.7400
            3   C1b C    19.3649  -13.4400
            4   C1b C    20.5773  -12.7400
            5   C6a C    21.7897  -13.4400
            6   O6a O    23.0022  -12.7400
            7   O6a O    18.1524  -11.3402
            8   O6a O    21.7897  -14.8399
BOND        7
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     5   8 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00149Help
Entry
C00149                      Compound                               

Name
(S)-Malate;
L-Malate;
L-Apple acid;
L-Malic acid;
L-2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid;
Malate;
Malic acid
Formula
C4H6O5
Exact mass
134.0215
Mol weight
134.0874
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB search
Reaction
Pathway
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00680  Methane metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01130  Biosynthesis of antibiotics
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map02020  Two-component system
map04742  Taste transduction
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map04964  Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation
map05200  Pathways in cancer
map05211  Renal cell carcinoma
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00012  Glyoxylate cycle
M00168  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), dark
M00169  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), light
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00172  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NADP - malic enzyme type
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00346  Formaldehyde assimilation, serine pathway
M00373  Ethylmalonyl pathway
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00376  3-Hydroxypropionate bi-cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
M00740  Methylaspartate cycle
Enzyme
1.1.1.37        1.1.1.38        1.1.1.39        1.1.1.40        
1.1.1.82        1.1.1.299       1.1.5.4         1.1.99.7        
2.3.1.92        2.3.3.9         2.8.3.22        3.1.2.30        
4.1.1.101       4.2.1.2         6.2.1.9
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   Hydroxycarboxylic acids
    C00149  Malate; (S)-2-Hydroxybutanediate
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 97-67-6
PubChem: 3449
ChEBI: 15589 30797
KNApSAcK: C00001192
PDB-CCD: LMR[PDBj]
3DMET: B00042
NIKKAJI: J74.430A
KCF data Show

ATOM        9
            1   C1c C    25.0942  -18.6205
            2   C1b C    26.2953  -19.3132
            3   C6a C    23.8998  -19.3132
            4   O1a O    25.0942  -17.2355
            5   C6a C    27.4897  -18.6205
            6   O6a O    22.7052  -18.6143
            7   O6a O    23.8360  -20.8303
            8   O6a O    28.6842  -19.3132
            9   O6a O    27.4834  -17.2355
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     1   3 1
            3     1   4 1 #Up
            4     2   5 1
            5     3   6 1
            6     3   7 2
            7     5   8 1
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00049Help
Entry
C00049                      Compound                               

Name
L-Aspartate;
L-Aspartic acid;
2-Aminosuccinic acid;
L-Asp
Formula
C4H7NO4
Exact mass
133.0375
Mol weight
133.1027
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB search
Remark
Same as: D00013
Reaction
Pathway
map00220  Arginine biosynthesis
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00260  Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
map00261  Monobactam biosynthesis
map00270  Cysteine and methionine metabolism
map00300  Lysine biosynthesis
map00340  Histidine metabolism
map00410  beta-Alanine metabolism
map00460  Cyanoamino acid metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00760  Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
map00770  Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
map00970  Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01130  Biosynthesis of antibiotics
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01210  2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
map01230  Biosynthesis of amino acids
map02010  ABC transporters
map02020  Two-component system
map02030  Bacterial chemotaxis
map04080  Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
map04974  Protein digestion and absorption
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00016  Lysine biosynthesis, succinyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00017  Methionine biosynthesis, apartate => homoserine => methionine
M00018  Threonine biosynthesis, aspartate => homoserine => threonine
M00029  Urea cycle
M00033  Ectoine biosynthesis, aspartate => ectoine
M00115  NAD biosynthesis, aspartate => NAD
M00119  Pantothenate biosynthesis, valine/L-aspartate => pantothenate
M00170  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase type
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00525  Lysine biosynthesis, acetyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00526  Lysine biosynthesis, DAP dehydrogenase pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00527  Lysine biosynthesis, DAP aminotransferase pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00844  Arginine biosynthesis, ornithine => arginine
M00845  Arginine biosynthesis, glutamate => acetylcitrulline => arginine
Enzyme
1.2.1.-         1.4.1.21        1.4.3.2         1.4.3.16        
2.1.3.2         2.3.1.17        2.6.1.1         2.6.1.12        
2.6.1.31        2.6.1.35        2.6.1.57        2.6.1.70        
2.6.1.78        2.6.1.-         2.7.2.4         3.5.1.1         
3.5.1.7         3.5.1.8         3.5.1.15        3.5.1.26        
3.5.1.38        3.5.3.14        3.5.5.4         4.1.1.11        
4.1.1.12        4.1.1.15        4.3.1.1         5.1.1.13        
6.1.1.12        6.1.1.23        6.3.1.1         6.3.1.4         
6.3.2.6         6.3.2.29        6.3.4.4         6.3.4.5         
6.3.5.4
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Peptides
  Amino acids
   Common amino acids
    C00049  Aspartic acid (Asp)
 Hormones and transmitters
  Neurotransmitters
   Amino acids
    C00049  Aspartate
Risk category of Japanese OTC drugs [BR:br08312]
 Third-class OTC drugs
  Inorganic and organic chemicals
   L-Aspartic acid
    D00013  Aspartic acid (USP/INN)
Pharmaceutical additives in Japan [BR:br08316]
 Stabilizing agent
  D00013  [003608] L-Aspartic acid
 Solubilizing agent
  D00013  [003608] L-Aspartic acid
 Flavoring substance
  D00013  [003608] L-Aspartic acid
 Diluting agent
  D00013  [003608] L-Aspartic acid
Drugs listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia [BR:br08311]
 Chemicals
  D00013  L-Aspartic acid
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 56-84-8
PubChem: 3351
ChEBI: 17053
ChEMBL: CHEMBL274323
KNApSAcK: C00001342
PDB-CCD: ASP[PDBj] IAS[PDBj]
3DMET: B00015
NIKKAJI: J9.169C
KCF data Show

ATOM        9
            1   O6a O    29.0500  -17.5000
            2   C6a C    30.2400  -16.8000
            3   C1c C    31.5000  -17.5000
            4   C1b C    32.6900  -16.8000
            5   C6a C    33.8800  -17.5000
            6   O6a O    35.1400  -16.8000
            7   O6a O    30.2400  -15.4000
            8   N1a N    31.5000  -18.9000
            9   O6a O    33.8800  -18.9000
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     3   8 1 #Down
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00036Help
Entry
C00036                      Compound                               

Name
Oxaloacetate;
Oxalacetic acid;
Oxaloacetic acid;
2-Oxobutanedioic acid;
2-Oxosuccinic acid;
keto-Oxaloacetate
Formula
C4H4O5
Exact mass
132.0059
Mol weight
132.0716
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB search
Reaction
Pathway
map00010  Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00362  Benzoate degradation
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00680  Methane metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01130  Biosynthesis of antibiotics
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01210  2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
map01230  Biosynthesis of amino acids
map02020  Two-component system
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map04964  Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00003  Gluconeogenesis, oxaloacetate => fructose-6P
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00010  Citrate cycle, first carbon oxidation, oxaloacetate => 2-oxoglutarate
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00012  Glyoxylate cycle
M00168  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), dark
M00170  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase type
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00172  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NADP - malic enzyme type
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00346  Formaldehyde assimilation, serine pathway
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
M00740  Methylaspartate cycle
Enzyme
1.1.1.37        1.1.1.38        1.1.1.40        1.1.1.82        
1.1.1.299       1.1.5.4         1.1.99.7        1.4.1.21        
1.4.3.1         1.4.3.2         1.4.3.15        1.4.3.16        
2.1.3.1         2.3.3.1         2.3.3.2         2.3.3.3         
2.3.3.5         2.3.3.8         2.3.3.16        2.6.1.1         
2.6.1.12        2.6.1.21        2.6.1.31        2.6.1.35        
2.6.1.57        2.6.1.70        2.6.1.78        2.6.1.-         
3.1.1.44        3.5.1.3         3.7.1.1         4.1.1.31        
4.1.1.32        4.1.1.38        4.1.1.49        4.1.1.112       
4.1.3.6         4.1.3.13        4.1.3.17        4.1.3.34        
4.2.1.32        4.2.1.81        4.3.1.16        4.3.1.20        
4.3.1.27        5.3.2.2         6.4.1.1         7.2.4.2
 » show all
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   2-Oxocarboxylic acids
    C00036  Oxaloacetate; 2-Oxosuccinate
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 328-42-7
PubChem: 3338
ChEBI: 16452 30744
ChEMBL: CHEMBL1794791
KNApSAcK: C00001197
PDB-CCD: OAA[PDBj]
3DMET: B00010
NIKKAJI: J5.675H
KCF data Show

ATOM        9
            1   O6a O    17.9200  -20.5800
            2   C6a C    19.1324  -21.2800
            3   C1b C    20.3449  -20.5800
            4   C5a C    21.5573  -21.2800
            5   C6a C    22.7697  -20.5800
            6   O6a O    23.9822  -21.2800
            7   O6a O    19.1324  -22.6798
            8   O5a O    21.5573  -22.6800
            9   O6a O    22.7697  -19.1801
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     4   8 2
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

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