KEGG   DISEASE: CholeraHelp
Entry
H00110                      Disease                                

Name
Cholera
Description
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine caused by toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae, mostly belonging to the O1 serogroup but also to the O139 serogroup. Seven cholera pandemics have occurred since 1817, with six pandemics originating in India and the seventh pandemic originating in Indonesia in 1961. The last outbreak is dominated by an O1 variant named El Tor and has continued to the present. The O139 serogroup was first observed in 1992 in India and associated with epidemics in localized areas.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by other gamma proteobacteria
   H00110  Cholera
Human diseases in ICD-10 classification [BR:br08403]
 1. Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
  A00-A09  Intestinal infectious diseases
   A00  Cholera
    H00110  Cholera
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway
hsa05110  Vibrio cholerae infection
Pathogen
Vibrio cholerae O1 [GN:vch vcf vcs vce vcq vcj vci vco vcr vcm]
  Module
M00852  Vibrio cholerae pathogenicity signature, toxin coregulated pilus
M00850  Vibrio cholerae pathogenicity signature, cholera toxins
Drug
Tetracycline hydrochloride [DR:D02122]
Doxycycline [DR:D00307]
Doxycycline hyclate [DR:D02129]
Doxycycline calcium [DR:D03903]
Minocycline hydrochloride [DR:D00850]
Demeclocycline hydrochloride [DR:D00290]
Other DBs
ICD-10: A00
MeSH: D002771
MedlinePlus: 000303
Reference
PMID:7704895
  Authors
Kaper JB, Morris JG Jr, Levine MM
  Title
Cholera.
  Journal
Clin Microbiol Rev 8:48-86 (1995)
Reference
  Authors
Mandal S, Mandal MD, Pal NK
  Title
Cholera: a great global concern.
  Journal
Asian Pac J Trop Med 4:573-80 (2011)
DOI:10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60149-1

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