KEGG   DISEASE: Diphtheria
Entry
H00343                      Disease                                

Name
Diphtheria
Description
Diphtheria is a contagious and potentially life-threatening childhood disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. In industrialized countries, immunization against diphtheria became widespread in the 1940s and the incidence of the disease markedly decreased. However, diphtheria still remains endemic in several regions including Africa, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, the tropics, and South America. Moreover, a large proportion of adults in industrialized countries are now susceptible to diphtheria because the protection by vaccine does not last for long time unless periodic booster is given.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by actinobacteria
   H00343  Diphtheria
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Other bacterial diseases
   1C17  Diphtheria
    H00343  Diphtheria
Pathogen
Corynebacterium diphtheriae [GN:cdi cdp cdz cdd cdw cdv]
diphtheria toxin [KO:K00776]
Drug
Erythromycin [DR:D00140]
Erythromycin ethylsuccinate [DR:D01361]
Erythromycin lactobionate [DR:D02009]
Erythromycin stearate [DR:D02184]
Penicillin G potassium [DR:D01053]
Penicillin G procaine [DR:D02461]
Penicillin G sodium [DR:D05408]
Freeze-dried diphtheria antitoxin, equine [DR:D03925]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1C17
ICD-10: A36
MeSH: D004165
MedlinePlus: 001608
Reference
(drug)
  Authors
Papadakis MA, Tierney LM (ed).
  Title
[Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2004, Forty-Third Edition] (In Japanese)
  Journal
Nikkei Business Publications, Inc. (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Mattos-Guaraldi AL, Moreira LO, Damasco PV, Hirata Junior R
  Title
Diphtheria remains a threat to health in the developing world--an overview.
  Journal
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 98:987-93 (2003)
DOI:10.1590/S0074-02762003000800001
Reference
PMID:7489768
  Authors
Galazka AM, Robertson SE
  Title
Diphtheria: changing patterns in the developing world and the industrialized world.
  Journal
Eur J Epidemiol 11:107-17 (1995)
DOI:10.1007/BF01719955
Reference
PMID:7489783
  Authors
Galazka AM, Robertson SE, Oblapenko GP
  Title
Resurgence of diphtheria.
  Journal
Eur J Epidemiol 11:95-105 (1995)
DOI:10.1007/BF01719954

» Japanese version

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