KEGG   DISEASE: Moraxella catarrhalis infectionHelp
Entry
H01072                      Disease                                

Name
Moraxella catarrhalis infection
Description
Moraxella catarrhalis is a gram-negative human mucosal pathogen that is morphologically similar to Neisseria spp.. It is found as a common commensal of the nasopharynx and can cause upper respiratory tract infections. The infection presents as otitis media or sinusitis in children and the exacerbation of chronic bronchitis in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by other gamma proteobacteria
   H01072  Moraxella catarrhalis infection
BRITE hierarchy
Pathogen
Moraxella catarrhalis [GN:mct]
Comment
Moraxella catarrhalis is expected to be resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics including penicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, and piperacillin [ATC: J01CE01 J01CA04 J01CA01 J01CA12].
Reference
PMID:22234107 (description, env_factor)
  Authors
Gupta N, Arora S, Kundra S
  Title
Moraxella catarrhalis as a respiratory pathogen.
  Journal
Indian J Pathol Microbiol 54:769-71 (2011)
DOI:10.4103/0377-4929.91496
Reference
PMID:9152030 (description, env_factor, drug)
  Authors
Enright MC, McKenzie H
  Title
Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis--clinical and molecular aspects of a rediscovered pathogen.
  Journal
J Med Microbiol 46:360-71 (1997)
DOI:10.1099/00222615-46-5-360
Reference
PMID:11781271 (description, env_factor, drug)
  Authors
Verduin CM, Hol C, Fleer A, van Dijk H, van Belkum A
  Title
Moraxella catarrhalis: from emerging to established pathogen.
  Journal
Clin Microbiol Rev 15:125-44 (2002)
DOI:10.1128/CMR.15.1.125-144.2002
Reference
PMID:10865200 (description, env_factor)
  Authors
Karalus R, Campagnari A
  Title
Moraxella catarrhalis: a review of an important human mucosal pathogen.
  Journal
Microbes Infect 2:547-59 (2000)
DOI:10.1016/S1286-4579(00)00314-2

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