KEGG   DISEASE: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Entry
H01440                      Disease                                

Name
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis;
Vincent gingivitis;
Vincent angina;
Trench mouth
  Supergrp
Anaerobic infection [DS:H01410]
Description
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as Trench mouth, Vincent angina and Vincent gingivitis is an acute bacterial infection of the gingiva caused by spirochetes, fusiform bacteria, or an overgrowth of normal oral flora. Predisposing factors include poor oral hygiene, advancing age, impaired nutritional status, smoking or chewing tobacco, immunosuppression, preexisting gingivitis, extreme stress, or lack of sleep. If the symptom progresses, the periodontium may be destroyed. Possible systemic manifestations include fever, anorexia, weakness, and fatigue.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by bacteria
   H01440  Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Other bacterial diseases
   1C1H  Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis
    H01440  Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Pathogen
Fusobacterium nucleatum
Fusobacterium fusiforme
Fusobacterium periodonticurm
Fusobacterium naviforme
Fusobacterium alocis
Fusobacterium sulci
Leptotrichia buccalis
Borrelia vincentii
Drug
Tetracycline hydrochloride [DR:D02122]
Doxycycline [DR:D00307]
Doxycycline hyclate [DR:D02129]
Doxycycline calcium [DR:D03903]
Minocycline hydrochloride [DR:D00850]
Demeclocycline hydrochloride [DR:D00290]
Penicillin G procaine [DR:D02461]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1C1H
ICD-10: A69.1 K05
MeSH: D005892
MedlinePlus: 001044
Reference
PMID:2196849 (description, pathogen)
  Authors
Holbrook WP, Cawson RA
  Title
The problem of the taxonomy of the fusiform bacillus of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (Vincent's gingivitis).
  Journal
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 57:55-8 (1990)
DOI:10.1007/BF00400337
Reference
PMID:21248581 (description, pathogen)
  Authors
Carlson DS, Pfadt E
  Title
Vincent and Ludwig angina: two damaging oral infections.
  Journal
Nursing 41:55-8 (2011)
DOI:10.1097/01.NURSE.0000392916.76411.2f

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