KEGG   DISEASE: Rapidly growing mycobacteria infectionHelp
Entry
H01462                      Disease                                

Name
Rapidly growing mycobacteria infection
  Supergrp
Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection [DS:H01458]
Description
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are classified into 2 categories: slow-growing mycobacteria (SGM) and rapidly-growing mycobacteria (RGM), based on interval to colony formation by subculture on solid media. More than 50 species of RGM have been identified, more than a third of which are opportunistic human pathogens. The most frequently encountered RGM that cause human infections are Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium fortuitum (complex), Mycobacterium mucogenicum, and Mycobacterium neoaurum. RGM, generally of low virulence, are capable of causing a wide spectrum of infections. Many RGM species, well-known and recently described species, caused significant infections in patients with cancer, including catheter-related bacteremia, disseminated infection, bronchopulmonary infections, dermatitis, cellulitis, and others.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by actinobacteria
   H01462  Rapidly growing mycobacteria infection
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Mycobacterial diseases
   1B21  Infections due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria
    H01462  Rapidly growing mycobacteria infection
BRITE hierarchy
Pathogen
Mycobacterium abscessus [GN:mab mmv mabb mabl]
Mycobacterium chelonae [GN:mche]
Comment
See also H01458 Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection.
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1B21
ICD-10: A31.9
MeSH: D009165
Reference
  Authors
Kim CJ, Kim NH, Song KH, Choe PG, Kim ES, Park SW, Kim HB, Kim NJ, Kim EC, Park WB, Oh MD
  Title
Differentiating rapid- and slow-growing mycobacteria by difference in time to growth detection in liquid media.
  Journal
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 75:73-6 (2013)
DOI:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.09.019
Reference
  Authors
Sekizuka T, Kai M, Nakanaga K, Nakata N, Kazumi Y, Maeda S, Makino M, Hoshino Y, Kuroda M
  Title
Complete genome sequence and comparative genomic analysis of Mycobacterium massiliense JCM 15300 in the Mycobacterium abscessus group reveal a conserved genomic island MmGI-1 related to putative lipid metabolism.
  Journal
PLoS One 9:e114848 (2014)
DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114848
Reference
  Authors
El Helou G, Viola GM, Hachem R, Han XY, Raad II
  Title
Rapidly growing mycobacterial bloodstream infections.
  Journal
Lancet Infect Dis 13:166-74 (2013)
DOI:10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70316-X
Reference
  Authors
Han XY, De I, Jacobson KL
  Title
Rapidly growing mycobacteria: clinical and microbiologic studies of 115 cases.
  Journal
Am J Clin Pathol 128:612-21 (2007)
DOI:10.1309/1KB2GKYT1BUEYLB5
Reference
  Authors
De Groote MA, Huitt G
  Title
Infections due to rapidly growing mycobacteria.
  Journal
Clin Infect Dis 42:1756-63 (2006)
DOI:10.1086/504381

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