KEGG   ENZYME: 1.3.5.6
Entry
EC 1.3.5.6                  Enzyme                                 
Name
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene desaturase;
zeta-carotene desaturase;
ZDS
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on the CH-CH group of donors;
With a quinone or related compound as acceptor
Sysname
9,9'-dicis-zeta-corotene:quinone oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + 2 quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + 2 quinol (overall reaction) [RN:R07511];
(1a) 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + a quinone = 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinol [RN:R09656];
(1b) 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + a quinol [RN:R09658]
Reaction(KEGG)
R07511 R09656 R09658;
(other) R04798 R04800
Substrate
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene [CPD:C15857];
quinone [CPD:C15602];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Product
7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene [CPD:C15858];
quinol [CPD:C15603];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Comment
This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.
History
EC 1.3.5.6 created 1999 as EC 1.14.99.30, transferred 2011 to EC 1.3.5.6
Pathway
ec00906  Carotenoid biosynthesis
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
ec01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K00514  zeta-carotene desaturase
Genes
AJM119045741
MMER123543809
ATHAT3G04870(ZDS)
ALY9320542
CRB17893635
CSAT104705395 104744597 104764122
EUSEUTSA_v10020402mg
BRP103849152
BNA106427407 106453079
BOE106295419
RSZ108863436
THJ104821685
CPAP110809670
CIT102577969
PVY116133864
MINC123221170
TCC18600240
GRA105782169 105804712
GHI107888796 107893220 107920020 107945977
GAB108461129 108472101
DZI111277201 111296669
EGR104415463 104430315
GMX100776502 100816122
GSJ114371240 114403049
PVUPHAVU_007G186000g
VRA106772487
VAR108345914
VUN114191961
CCAJ109789910
APRC113871335
MTRMTR_1g081290
CAM101493508
LJALj0g3v0055279.1(Lj0g3v0055279.1) Lj5g3v1415350.1(Lj5g3v1415350.1)
ADU107465815
AIP107617599
AHF112710918 112776436
LANG109336428 109345421 109354942
FVE101296114
RCN112192306
PPER18772557
PMUM103318575
PAVI110755575 110759721
PDUL117632924
MDM103434148 103451012
PXB103954429
ZJU107412215 107412247
MNT21389609
CSV101210522
CMO103501020(ZDS)
BHJ120071290
MCHA111025098
CMAX111495951
CMOS111440894
CPEP111792647
RCU8289444
JCU105647663
HBR110656752 110662590
MESC110620945
POP18098943 7473341
PEU105111905 105131258
PALZ118044066 118051360 118056983 118061421
JRE109009708
QSU111983961
QLO115980038 115981676
TWL120009935
VVI100245154(ZDS1)
VRI117930372
SLY543629(zds)
SPEN107003189
SOT102598493
CANN107839468(zds)
NTA107772271(ZDS) 107830915
NSY104239912
NTO104085990
NAU109237858
INI109182207
ITR116007099
SIND105162430 105172259
OEU111379201 111379204
EGT105964808 105974162 105974562
SSPL121765143 121793432 121797720 121799747
HAN110909342
ECAD122603044
CCAV112509585
DCR108196705 108209330
CSIN114319340
BVG104890922
SOE110797887
CQI110708463 110737059
NNU104596524
MING122091296
TSS122668779
PSOM113332730 113347119
NCOL116255365
OSA4342680
DOSAOs07t0204900-01(Os07g0204900)
OBR102721567
BDI100836583
ATS109753119
TDC119354461 119363591
TAES100270658 123044758 123052650
SBI8078415
ZMA542604
SITA101786776
SVS117843813
PVIR120659662 120665630
PHAI112879845
PDA103723760
EGU105054948
MUS103981813
DCT110095455
PEQ110023507
AOF109833809
ATR18448792
SMOSELMODRAFT_108745 SELMODRAFT_146971
PPP112277797 112292818 112294714
CRECHLRE_07g314150v5
VCNVOLCADRAFT_95071
MNGMNEG_10716
CSLCOCSUDRAFT_35471
CVRCHLNCDRAFT_141585(ZDS)
APROF751_3908
CMECYME_CMT061C
GSLGasu_31940
AAFAURANDRAFT_71930
PNNKEM63_10640
PBHAAW51_2467
MUMFCL38_01890
PCAYFRD00_27995
RUAD1823_20405
NNONONO_c55590
DEMLGT36_008465
SYNslr0940(crtQ)
SYZMYO_118430(crtQ)
SYYSYNGTS_1826(crtQ)
SYTSYNGTI_1826(crtQ)
SYSSYNPCCN_1825(crtQ)
SYQSYNPCCP_1825(crtQ)
SYJD082_20520(crtQ-2)
SYOC7I86_09510(zds)
SYCsyc2497_c(zds)
SYUM744_08565
SYFSynpcc7942_1512
SYDSyncc9605_2356
SYESyncc9902_0335
SYGsync_2568
SYRSynRCC307_0275(crtQ)
SYXSynWH7803_2224(crtQ)
SYPSYNPCC7002_A0529(crtQ)
CYACYA_0668(zds)
CYBCYB_1060(zds)
SYNESyn6312_1408
SYNPSyn7502_03575
SYNKKR100_14605
SYNRKR49_07360
SYNDKR52_04330
SYHSyncc8109_2460(crtQ)
SYNWSynWH8103_02544(zds)
SYVAWQ23_02815
SYLAWQ21_02615
SYNCCB0101_10980(zds)
DSLDacsa_1294
SYWSYNW2213(crtQ)
CGCCyagr_2942
CYICBM981_3121(zds)
PMAPro_0136(crtQ)
PMMPMM0115(crtQ)
PMTPMT_1968
PMNPMN2A_1484
PMIPMT9312_0118
PMBA9601_01331(crtQ)
PMCP9515_01291(crtQ)
PMFP9303_26211(crtQ)
PMGP9301_01321(crtQ)
PMHP9215_01331(crtQ)
PMJP9211_01311(crtQ)
PMENATL1_01891(crtQ)
PRCEW14_0141
PRMEW15_0204
CMPCha6605_0709
AMRAM1_3692
TVNNIES2134_100610(crtQ)
SLWBRW62_02590
TELtll0337(crtQ)
THNNK55_00380(crtQ)
THECFFX45_00400(zds)
LEPLepto7376_0182
LENLEP3755_42080
LETO77CONTIG1_02617(pds_2)
LBOLBWT_35440
KOVK9N68_24890(zds)
LSCKIK02_22960(zds)
LSKJ5X98_09255(zds)
HHGXM38_043900
PSEUPse7367_2939
PSERABRG53_3074(crtQ)
THEUHPC62_02610(zds)
GENGM3709_2071
GEEGM3708_3458
CHONNIES4102_31770
MARMAE_53100(crtQ)
MPKVL20_1522
MIQB5D77_20965
MVZmyaer102_25870(crtQ)
CANCyan10605_2265
CSNCyast_1610
CYLAA637_06790(crtQ)
HAOPCC7418_2975
ENNFRE64_00510(zds)
CYTcce_2779(crtQ)
CWACwatDRAFT_5404
CYPPCC8801_3430
CYHCyan8802_2686
CYCPCC7424_0679
CYNCyan7425_3176
TERTery_3954
ARPNIES39_B00980(crtQb)
PAGHNIES204_05360(crtQb)
OXYHCG48_04035(zds)
MVAGD0A34_16550(zds)
LFSHFV01_07070(zds)
MICMic7113_1472
GEIGEI7407_2276
OACOscil6304_0259
ONIOsc7112_1468
MPROBJP34_05885
PHORJWS08_13970(zds)
CEPCri9333_4053
ANAall2382(crtQ)
NPUNpun_R0498
NOSNos7107_5121
NOPNos7524_4587
NONNOS3756_07760(crtQ)
NFLCOO91_05714
NOECLI64_24205(zds)
NSHGXM_02002
NEDHUN01_23865(zds)
AVAAva_0200
NAZAazo_4788
ANBANA_C11939
ACYAnacy_2337
AWAAA650_01540
ANNEH233_15050(zds)
CSGCylst_6049
RSINB6N60_02861
CALOCal7507_4291
CALTCal6303_5059
CALHIJ00_20820
RIVRiv7116_6892
FISFIS3754_41450
NSPBMF81_00045(crtQ)
DOUBMF77_00518(pds_1)
DFSHGD76_13440(zds)
CCURIAR63_16840(zds)
AFLOHEQ12_11555(zds)
TOQHCG51_23730(zds)
NCNBZZ01_28110
CTHEChro_1619
PLPPle7327_2403
SCSSta7437_0865
STANSTA3757_45750
CEOETSB_0758(crtQ)
CERRGRSB_0718(crtQ)
LACSH4075_20890
CTECT1414
CPCCpar_0751
CLZBIU88_03670
CCHCag_1590
CPHCpha266_0830
CPBCphamn1_0949
CLIClim_0916
PVICvib_1233
PLTPlut_1415
PPHPpha_1769
PAAPaes_1524
PROCPtc2401_00675(pds_1)
PRSB9H02_04065
PROSCHL67_03655
CTSCtha_1697
 » show all
Reference
1  [PMID:8617254]
  Authors
Albrecht M, Linden H, Sandmann G.
  Title
Biochemical characterization of purified zeta-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 236:115-20 (1996)
DOI:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.00115.x
Reference
2  [PMID:10938359]
  Authors
Josse EM, Simkin AJ, Gaffe J, Laboure AM, Kuntz M, Carol P
  Title
A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 123:1427-36 (2000)
DOI:10.1104/pp.123.4.1427
Reference
3  [PMID:10491195]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Kuntz M, Takaichi S, Sandmann G
  Title
Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type zeta-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 265:376-83 (1999)
DOI:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00746.x
  Sequence
Reference
4  [PMID:15503129]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Sandmann G
  Title
zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene.
  Journal
Planta 220:785-93 (2005)
DOI:10.1007/s00425-004-1395-2
  Sequence
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.3.5.6
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.3.5.6
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.3.5.6
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.3.5.6

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