This enzyme is a member of the 'AdoMet radical' (radical SAM) family. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine acts as both a radical generator and as the source of the appended methyl group. It contains an [4Fe-4S] cluster [3,6,7]. Cfr is an plasmid-acquired methyltransferase that protects cells from the action of antibiotics . The enzyme methylates adenosine at position 2503 of 23S rRNA by a radical mechanism, transferring a CH2 group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine while retaining the hydrogen at the C-8 position of the adenine. Cfr first transfers an CH2 group to a conserved cysteine (Cys338 in Staphylococcus aureus) , the generated radical from a second S-adenosyl-L-methionine then attacks the methyl group, exctracting a hydrogen. The formed radical forms a covalent intermediate with the adenine group of the tRNA . The enzyme will also methylate 2-methyladenine produced by the action of EC 220.127.116.11 [23S rRNA (adenine2503-C2)-methyltransferase].