ABC-type (ATP-binding cassette-type) ATPase, characterized by the presence of two similar ATP-binding domains. The enzyme is found in animals, and in humans its absence brings about cystic fibrosis. Unlike most of the ABC transporters, chloride pumping is not directly coupled to ATP hydrolysis. Instead, the passive flow of anions through the channel is gated by cycles of ATP binding and hydrolysis by the ATP-binding domains. The enzyme is also involved in the functioning of other transmembrane channels.
EC 188.8.131.52 created 2000 as EC 184.108.40.206, transferred 2018 to EC 220.127.116.11