KEGG   ENZYME: 1.3.5.6Help
Entry
EC 1.3.5.6                  Enzyme                                 

Name
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene desaturase;
zeta-carotene desaturase;
ZDS
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on the CH-CH group of donors;
With a quinone or related compound as acceptor
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
9,9'-dicis-zeta-corotene:quinone oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + 2 quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + 2 quinol (overall reaction) [RN:R07511];
(1a) 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + a quinone = 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinol [RN:R09656];
(1b) 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + a quinol [RN:R09658]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene [CPD:C15857];
quinone [CPD:C15602];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Product
7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene [CPD:C15858];
quinol [CPD:C15603];
7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene [CPD:C19759]
Comment
This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.
History
EC 1.3.5.6 created 1999 as EC 1.14.99.30, transferred 2011 to EC 1.3.5.6
Pathway
ec00906  Carotenoid biosynthesis
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
ec01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K00514  zeta-carotene desaturase
Genes
ATH: AT3G04870(ZDS)
ALY: ARALYDRAFT_477758
CRB: 17893635
CSAT: 104705395 104744597 104764122
EUS: EUTSA_v10020402mg
BRP: 103849152
BNA: 106427407 106453079
BOE: 106295419
THJ: 104821685
CPAP: 110809670
TCC: 18600240
VRA: 106772487
VAR: 108345914
CCAJ: 109789910
CAM: 101493508
LJA: Lj0g3v0055279.1(Lj0g3v0055279.1) Lj5g3v1415350.1(Lj5g3v1415350.1)
ADU: 107465815
AIP: 107617599
FVE: 101296114
PPER: 18772557
PMUM: 103318575
MDM: 103434148(ZDS1-1) 103451012
PXB: 103954429
CSV: 101210522
CMO: 103501020(ZDS)
MCHA: 111025098
CMAX: 111495951
CMOS: 111440894
CPEP: 111792647
RCU: 8289444
JCU: 105647663
JRE: 109009708
VVI: 100245154(ZDS1)
SLY: 543629(zds)
SPEN: 107003189
SOT: 102598493
CANN: 107839468(zds)
NTA: 107772271(ZDS) 107830915
NSY: 104239912
NTO: 104085990
INI: 109182207
HAN: 110909342
LSV: 111883354
BVG: 104890922
SOE: 110797887
NNU: 104596524
OSA: 4342680
DOSA: Os07t0204900-01(Os07g0204900)
OBR: 102721567
BDI: 100836583
ATS: 109753119(LOC109753119)
SBI: 8078415
ZMA: 542604(zds1)
SITA: 101786776
PDA: 103723760
EGU: 105054948
MUS: 103981813
DCT: 110095455
AOF: 109833809
ATR: 18448792
CRE: CHLREDRAFT_182457(ZDS1)
APRO: F751_3908
SYN: slr0940(crtQ)
SYZ: MYO_118430(crtQ)
SYY: SYNGTS_1826(crtQ)
SYT: SYNGTI_1826(crtQ)
SYS: SYNPCCN_1825(crtQ)
SYQ: SYNPCCP_1825(crtQ)
SYJ: D082_20520(crtQ-2)
SYO: C7I86_09510(zds)
SYW: SYNW2213(crtQ)
SYC: syc2497_c(zds)
SYG: sync_2568
SYR: SynRCC307_0275(crtQ)
SYX: SynWH7803_2224(crtQ)
SYP: SYNPCC7002_A0529(crtQ)
CYA: CYA_0668(zds)
CYB: CYB_1060(zds)
SYNR: KR49_07360
SYND: KR52_04330
SYH: Syncc8109_2460(crtQ)
SYNW: SynWH8103_02544(zds)
TEL: tll0337(crtQ)
THN: NK55_00380(crtQ)
CYI: CBM981_3121(zds)
LET: O77CONTIG1_02617(pds_2)
PMA: Pro_0136(crtQ)
PMM: PMM0115(crtQ)
PMT: PMT_1968
PMB: A9601_01331(crtQ)
PMC: P9515_01291(crtQ)
PMF: P9303_26211(crtQ)
PMG: P9301_01321(crtQ)
PMH: P9215_01331(crtQ)
PMJ: P9211_01311(crtQ)
PME: NATL1_01891(crtQ)
PRC: EW14_0141
PRM: EW15_0204
AMR: AM1_3692
MAR: MAE_53100(crtQ)
MPK: VL20_1522
CYL: AA637_06790(crtQ)
CYT: cce_2779(crtQ)
TER: Tery_3954
ARP: NIES39_B00980(crtQb)
ANA: all2382(crtQ)
NON: NOS3756_07760(crtQ)
NOE: CLI64_24205(zds)
AVA: Ava_0200
NAZ: Aazo_4788
CALH: IJ00_20820
NSP: BMF81_00045(crtQ)
CTHE: Chro_1619
CEO: ETSB_0758(crtQ)
CTE: CT1414
CPC: Cpar_0751
CCH: Cag_1590
CLI: Clim_0916
PVI: Cvib_1233
PLT: Plut_1415
PPH: Ppha_1769
PAA: Paes_1524
PROC: Ptc2401_00675(pds_1)
CTS: Ctha_1697
 » show all
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:8617254]
  Authors
Albrecht M, Linden H, Sandmann G.
  Title
Biochemical characterization of purified zeta-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 236:115-20 (1996)
DOI:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.00115.x
Reference
2  [PMID:10938359]
  Authors
Josse EM, Simkin AJ, Gaffe J, Laboure AM, Kuntz M, Carol P
  Title
A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 123:1427-36 (2000)
Reference
3  [PMID:10491195]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Kuntz M, Takaichi S, Sandmann G
  Title
Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type zeta-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 265:376-83 (1999)
DOI:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00746.x
  Sequence
Reference
4  [PMID:15503129]
  Authors
Breitenbach J, Sandmann G
  Title
zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene.
  Journal
Planta 220:785-93 (2005)
DOI:10.1007/s00425-004-1395-2
  Sequence
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.3.5.6
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.3.5.6
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.3.5.6
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.3.5.6

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