KEGG   GENOME: Homo sapiens (human)
Entry
T01001            Complete  Genome                                 

Name
hsa, HUMAN, 9606
Definition
Homo sapiens (human)
Category
Reference genome
Annotation
yes
Taxonomy
TAX:9606
  Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Data source
RefSeq (Assembly:GCF_000001405.39)
BioProject:168
Original DB
Statistics
Number of protein genes:       19838
Number of RNA genes:            2641
Created
2000
Reference
  Authors
Lander ES, Linton LM, Birren B, Nusbaum C, Zody MC, Baldwin J, Devon K, Dewar K, Doyle M, FitzHugh W, et al.
  Title
Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
  Journal
Nature 409:860-921 (2001)
DOI:10.1038/35057062
Reference
  Authors
Venter JC, Adams MD, Myers EW, Li PW, Mural RJ, Sutton GG, Smith HO, Yandell M, Evans CA, Holt RA, et al.
  Title
The sequence of the human genome.
  Journal
Science 291:1304-51 (2001)
DOI:10.1126/science.1058040
Reference
  Authors
International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium.
  Title
Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome.
  Journal
Nature 431:931-45 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature03001
Reference
PMID:16710414 (chromosome 1)
  Authors
Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.
  Journal
Nature 441:315-321 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04727
Reference
PMID:15815621 (chromosomes 2 and 4)
  Authors
Hillier LW, Graves TA, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Pepin KH, Minx P, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Wylie K, Sekhon M, et al.
  Title
Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4.
  Journal
Nature 434:724-31 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nature03466
Reference
PMID:16641997 (chromosome 3)
  Authors
Muzny DM, Scherer SE, Kaul R, Wang J, Yu J, Sudbrak R, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3.
  Journal
Nature 440:1194-8 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04728
Reference
PMID:15372022 (chromosome 5)
  Authors
Schmutz J, Martin J, Terry A, Couronne O, Grimwood J, Lowry S, Gordon LA, Scott D, Xie G, Huang W, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5.
  Journal
Nature 431:268-74 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature02919
Reference
PMID:14574404 (chromosome 6)
  Authors
Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6.
  Journal
Nature 425:805-11 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nature02055
Reference
PMID:12690205 (chromosome 7)
  Authors
Scherer SW, Cheung J, MacDonald JR, Osborne LR, Nakabayashi K, Herbrick JA, Carson AR, Parker-Katiraee L, Skaug J, Khaja R, et al.
  Title
Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology.
  Journal
Science 300:767-72 (2003)
DOI:10.1126/science.1083423
Reference
PMID:12853948 (chromosome 7)
  Authors
Hillier LW, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Graves TA, Pepin KH, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Maas J, Jaeger S, Walker R, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7.
  Journal
Nature 424:157-64 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nature01782
Reference
PMID:16421571 (chromosome 8)
  Authors
Nusbaum C, Mikkelsen TS, Zody MC, Asakawa S, Taudien S, Garber M, Kodira CD, Schueler MG, Shimizu A, Whittaker CA, et al.
  Title
DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 8.
  Journal
Nature 439:331-5 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04406
Reference
PMID:15164053 (chromosome 9)
  Authors
Humphray SJ, Oliver K, Hunt AR, Plumb RW, Loveland JE, Howe KL, Andrews TD, Searle S, Hunt SE, Scott CE, et al.
  Title
DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 9.
  Journal
Nature 429:369-74 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature02465
Reference
PMID:15164054 (chromosome 10)
  Authors
Deloukas P, Earthrowl ME, Grafham DV, Rubenfield M, French L, Steward CA, Sims SK, Jones MC, Searle S, Scott C, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10.
  Journal
Nature 429:375-81 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature02462
Reference
PMID:16554811 (chromosome 11)
  Authors
Taylor TD, Noguchi H, Totoki Y, Toyoda A, Kuroki Y, Dewar K, Lloyd C, Itoh T, Takeda T, Kim DW, et al.
  Title
Human chromosome 11 DNA sequence and analysis including novel gene identification.
  Journal
Nature 440:497-500 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04632
Reference
PMID:16541075 (chromosome 12)
  Authors
Scherer SE, Muzny DM, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, Dugan-Rocha S, Gill R, Gunaratne P, Harris RA, et al.
  Title
The finished DNA sequence of human chromosome 12.
  Journal
Nature 440:346-51 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04569
Reference
PMID:15057823 (chromosome 13)
  Authors
Dunham A, Matthews LH, Burton J, Ashurst JL, Howe KL, Ashcroft KJ, Beare DM, Burford DC, Hunt SE, Griffiths-Jones S, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13.
  Journal
Nature 428:522-8 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature02379
Reference
PMID:12508121 (chromosome 14)
  Authors
Heilig R, Eckenberg R, Petit JL, Fonknechten N, Da Silva C, Cattolico L, Levy M, Barbe V, De Berardinis V, Ureta-Vidal A, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14.
  Journal
Nature 421:601-7 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nature01348
Reference
PMID:16572171 (chromosome 15)
  Authors
Zody MC, Garber M, Sharpe T, Young SK, Rowen L, O'Neill K, Whittaker CA, Kamal M, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, et al.
  Title
Analysis of the DNA sequence and duplication history of human chromosome 15.
  Journal
Nature 440:671-5 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04601
Reference
PMID:15616553 (chromosome 16)
  Authors
Martin J, Han C, Gordon LA, Terry A, Prabhakar S, She X, Xie G, Hellsten U, Chan YM, Altherr M, et al.
  Title
The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16.
  Journal
Nature 432:988-94 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature03187
Reference
PMID:16625196 (chromosome 17)
  Authors
Zody MC, Garber M, Adams DJ, Sharpe T, Harrow J, Lupski JR, Nicholson C, Searle SM, Wilming L, Young SK, et al.
  Title
DNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage.
  Journal
Nature 440:1045-9 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature04689
Reference
PMID:16177791 (chromosome 18)
  Authors
Nusbaum C, Zody MC, Borowsky ML, Kamal M, Kodira CD, Taylor TD, Whittaker CA, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, Dewar K, et al.
  Title
DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 18.
  Journal
Nature 437:551-5 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nature03983
Reference
PMID:15057824 (chromosome 19)
  Authors
Grimwood J, Gordon LA, Olsen A, Terry A, Schmutz J, Lamerdin J, Hellsten U, Goodstein D, Couronne O, Tran-Gyamfi M, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19.
  Journal
Nature 428:529-35 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nature02399
Reference
PMID:11780052 (chromosome 20)
  Authors
Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, Burton J, Gilbert JG, Jones M, Stavrides G, Almeida JP, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20.
  Journal
Nature 414:865-71 (2001)
DOI:10.1038/414865a
Reference
PMID:10830953 (chromosome 21)
  Authors
Hattori M, Fujiyama A, Taylor TD, Watanabe H, Yada T, Park HS, Toyoda A, Ishii K, Totoki Y, Choi DK, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21.
  Journal
Nature 405:311-9 (2000)
DOI:10.1038/35012518
Reference
PMID:10591208 (chromosome 22)
  Authors
Dunham I, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22.
  Journal
Nature 402:489-95 (1999)
DOI:10.1038/990031
Reference
PMID:15772651 (chromosome X)
  Authors
Ross MT, Grafham DV, Coffey AJ, Scherer S, McLay K, Muzny D, Platzer M, Howell GR, Burrows C, Bird CP, et al.
  Title
The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome.
  Journal
Nature 434:325-37 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nature03440
Reference
PMID:12815422 (chromosome Y)
  Authors
Skaletsky H, Kuroda-Kawaguchi T, Minx PJ, Cordum HS, Hillier L, Brown LG, Repping S, Pyntikova T, Ali J, Bieri T, et al.
  Title
The male-specific region of the human Y chromosome is a mosaic of discrete sequence classes.
  Journal
Nature 423:825-37 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nature01722

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