KEGG   PATHWAY: hsa05130
Entry
hsa05130                    Pathway                                

Name
Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection - Homo sapiens (human)
Description
Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections [DS:H00278 H00277] is induction of attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions that damage intestinal epithelial cells. The capacity to form A/E lesions is encoded mainly by the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island. Tir, Map, EspF, EspG are known LEE-encoded effector proteins secreted via the type III secretion system, which is also LEE-encoded, into the host cell. EPEC and EHEC Tir's link the extracellular bacterium to the cell cytoskeleton. Map and EspF are involved in mitochondrion membrane permeabilization. EspG interacts with tubulins and stimulates microtubule destabilization. LEE-encoded adhesin or intimin (Eae) is exported via the general secretory pathway to the periplasm, where it is inserted into the outer membrane. In addition to Tir, two potential host cell-carried intimin receptors, beta1 integrin (ITGB1) and nucleolin (NCL), have so far been identified. The distinguishing feature of EHEC is the elaboration of Shiga-like toxin (Stx). Stx cleaves ribosomal RNA, thereby disrupting protein synthesis and killing the intoxicated epithelial or endothelial cells.
Class
Human Diseases; Infectious disease: bacterial
Pathway map
hsa05130  Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection
hsa05130

Network
nt06121  TLR signaling (viruses and bacteria)
nt06123  TNF signaling (viruses and bacteria)
nt06131  Apoptosis (viruses and bacteria)
nt06139  NLR signaling (viruses and bacteria)
  Element
N00926  Escherichia Tir to TLR2/4-MAPK signaling pathway
N00927  Escherichia/Shigella NleE/OspZ to TNF-NFKB signaling pathway
N00928  Escherichia NleB to TNF-NFKB signaling pathway
N00929  Escherichia NleC to TNF-NFKB signaling pathway
N00930  Escherichia NleD to TNF-JNK signaling pathway
N00931  Escherichia NleD to TNF-p38 signaling pathway
N00932  Escherichia NleH1 to TNF-NFKB signaling pathway
N00933  Escherichia NleA to NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway
N00935  Escherichia NleF to non-canonical inflammasome signaling pathway
N00936  Escherichia NleB1 to crosstalk between extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways
N00937  Escherichia NleF to extrinsic apoptotic pathway
N00938  Escherichia NleH to intrinsic apoptotic pathway
N00939  Escherichia EspF to intrinsic apoptotic pathway
Disease
H00277  Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infection
H00278  Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) infection
Organism
Homo sapiens (human) [GN:hsa]
Gene
102723407  IGH; immunoglobulin heavy variable 4-38-2-like [KO:K06856]
6714  SRC; SRC proto-oncogene, non-receptor tyrosine kinase [KO:K05704] [EC:2.7.10.2]
2212  FCGR2A; Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIa [KO:K06472]
5879  RAC1; Rac family small GTPase 1 [KO:K04392]
9265  CYTH3; cytohesin 3 [KO:K18441]
27128  CYTH4; cytohesin 4 [KO:K18441]
9266  CYTH2; cytohesin 2 [KO:K18441]
9267  CYTH1; cytohesin 1 [KO:K18441]
382  ARF6; ADP ribosylation factor 6 [KO:K07941]
375  ARF1; ADP ribosylation factor 1 [KO:K07937]
10787  NCKAP1; NCK associated protein 1 [KO:K05750]
3071  NCKAP1L; NCK associated protein 1 like [KO:K05750]
23191  CYFIP1; cytoplasmic FMR1 interacting protein 1 [KO:K05749]
26999  CYFIP2; cytoplasmic FMR1 interacting protein 2 [KO:K05749]
10006  ABI1; abl interactor 1 [KO:K23649]
55845  BRK1; BRICK1 subunit of SCAR/WAVE actin nucleating complex [KO:K05752]
8936  WASF1; WASP family member 1 [KO:K05753]
10163  WASF2; WASP family member 2 [KO:K05748]
10810  WASF3; WASP family member 3 [KO:K06083]
10095  ARPC1B; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 1B [KO:K05757]
10552  ARPC1A; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 1A [KO:K05757]
10109  ARPC2; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2 [KO:K05758]
10094  ARPC3; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 3 [KO:K05756]
10093  ARPC4; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 4 [KO:K05755]
10092  ARPC5; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 5 [KO:K05754]
81873  ARPC5L; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 5 like [KO:K05754]
71  ACTG1; actin gamma 1 [KO:K05692]
60  ACTB; actin beta [KO:K05692]
9138  ARHGEF1; Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 [KO:K12330]
387  RHOA; ras homolog family member A [KO:K04513]
998  CDC42; cell division cycle 42 [KO:K04393]
283446  MYO1H; myosin IH [KO:K10356]
4430  MYO1B; myosin IB [KO:K10356]
4542  MYO1F; myosin IF [KO:K10356]
4640  MYO1A; myosin IA [KO:K10356]
4641  MYO1C; myosin IC [KO:K10356]
4642  MYO1D; myosin ID [KO:K10356]
4643  MYO1E; myosin IE [KO:K10356]
64005  MYO1G; myosin IG [KO:K10356]
4644  MYO5A; myosin VA [KO:K10357]
4645  MYO5B; myosin VB [KO:K10357]
55930  MYO5C; myosin VC [KO:K10357]
4646  MYO6; myosin VI [KO:K10358]
4651  MYO10; myosin X [KO:K12559]
4627  MYH9; myosin heavy chain 9 [KO:K10352]
4628  MYH10; myosin heavy chain 10 [KO:K10352]
4629  MYH11; myosin heavy chain 11 [KO:K10352]
79784  MYH14; myosin heavy chain 14 [KO:K10352]
8976  WASL; WASP like actin nucleation promoting factor [KO:K23612]
9368  SLC9A3R1; SLC9A3 regulator 1 [KO:K13365]
7430  EZR; ezrin [KO:K08007]
2147  F2; coagulation factor II, thrombin [KO:K01313] [EC:3.4.21.5]
1902  LPAR1; lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 [KO:K04289]
9170  LPAR2; lysophosphatidic acid receptor 2 [KO:K04291]
2846  LPAR4; lysophosphatidic acid receptor 4 [KO:K04275]
57121  LPAR5; lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5 [KO:K08390]
2149  F2R; coagulation factor II thrombin receptor [KO:K03914]
2768  GNA12; G protein subunit alpha 12 [KO:K04346]
10672  GNA13; G protein subunit alpha 13 [KO:K04639]
9826  ARHGEF11; Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 11 [KO:K12331]
23365  ARHGEF12; Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 12 [KO:K07532]
10376  TUBA1B; tubulin alpha 1b [KO:K07374]
7277  TUBA4A; tubulin alpha 4a [KO:K07374]
7278  TUBA3C; tubulin alpha 3c [KO:K07374]
7846  TUBA1A; tubulin alpha 1a [KO:K07374]
84790  TUBA1C; tubulin alpha 1c [KO:K07374]
51807  TUBA8; tubulin alpha 8 [KO:K07374]
112714  TUBA3E; tubulin alpha 3e [KO:K07374]
113457  TUBA3D; tubulin alpha 3d [KO:K07374]
79861  TUBAL3; tubulin alpha like 3 [KO:K07374]
84617  TUBB6; tubulin beta 6 class V [KO:K07375]
203068  TUBB; tubulin beta class I [KO:K07375]
81027  TUBB1; tubulin beta 1 class VI [KO:K07375]
7280  TUBB2A; tubulin beta 2A class IIa [KO:K07375]
10381  TUBB3; tubulin beta 3 class III [KO:K07375]
10382  TUBB4A; tubulin beta 4A class IVa [KO:K07375]
347688  TUBB8; tubulin beta 8 class VIII [KO:K07375]
347733  TUBB2B; tubulin beta 2B class IIb [KO:K07375]
10383  TUBB4B; tubulin beta 4B class IVb [KO:K07375]
9181  ARHGEF2; Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 [KO:K12791]
6093  ROCK1; Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 [KO:K04514] [EC:2.7.11.1]
9475  ROCK2; Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 2 [KO:K17388] [EC:2.7.11.1]
2534  FYN; FYN proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase [KO:K05703] [EC:2.7.10.2]
25  ABL1; ABL proto-oncogene 1, non-receptor tyrosine kinase [KO:K06619] [EC:2.7.10.2]
55971  BAIAP2L1; BAR/IMD domain containing adaptor protein 2 like 1 [KO:K20127]
10458  BAIAP2; BAR/IMD domain containing adaptor protein 2 [KO:K05627]
4690  NCK1; NCK adaptor protein 1 [KO:K07365]
8440  NCK2; NCK adaptor protein 2 [KO:K19862]
147179  WIPF2; WAS/WASL interacting protein family member 2 [KO:K19475]
7456  WIPF1; WAS/WASL interacting protein family member 1 [KO:K19475]
644150  WIPF3; WAS/WASL interacting protein family member 3 [KO:K19475]
2017  CTTN; cortactin [KO:K06106]
3059  HCLS1; hematopoietic cell-specific Lyn substrate 1 [KO:K06106]
4691  NCL; nucleolin [KO:K11294]
3688  ITGB1; integrin subunit beta 1 [KO:K05719]
3553  IL1B; interleukin 1 beta [KO:K04519]
3554  IL1R1; interleukin 1 receptor type 1 [KO:K04386]
7099  TLR4; toll like receptor 4 [KO:K10160]
114609  TIRAP; TIR domain containing adaptor protein [KO:K05403]
4615  MYD88; MYD88 innate immune signal transduction adaptor [KO:K04729]
7100  TLR5; toll like receptor 5 [KO:K10168]
3654  IRAK1; interleukin 1 receptor associated kinase 1 [KO:K04730] [EC:2.7.11.1]
51135  IRAK4; interleukin 1 receptor associated kinase 4 [KO:K04733] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5777  PTPN6; protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 6 [KO:K05697] [EC:3.1.3.48]
5781  PTPN11; protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 11 [KO:K07293] [EC:3.1.3.48]
7189  TRAF6; TNF receptor associated factor 6 [KO:K03175] [EC:2.3.2.27]
7124  TNF; tumor necrosis factor [KO:K03156]
7132  TNFRSF1A; TNF receptor superfamily member 1A [KO:K03158]
8717  TRADD; TNFRSF1A associated via death domain [KO:K03171]
2597  GAPDH; glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [KO:K00134] [EC:1.2.1.12]
7186  TRAF2; TNF receptor associated factor 2 [KO:K03173] [EC:2.3.2.27]
8737  RIPK1; receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 1 [KO:K02861] [EC:2.7.11.1]
6885  MAP3K7; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 7 [KO:K04427] [EC:2.7.11.25]
10454  TAB1; TGF-beta activated kinase 1 (MAP3K7) binding protein 1 [KO:K04403]
23118  TAB2; TGF-beta activated kinase 1 (MAP3K7) binding protein 2 [KO:K04404]
257397  TAB3; TGF-beta activated kinase 1 (MAP3K7) binding protein 3 [KO:K12793]
8517  IKBKG; inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase regulatory subunit gamma [KO:K07210]
1147  CHUK; component of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase complex [KO:K04467] [EC:2.7.11.10]
3551  IKBKB; inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit beta [KO:K07209] [EC:2.7.11.10]
4792  NFKBIA; NFKB inhibitor alpha [KO:K04734]
4793  NFKBIB; NFKB inhibitor beta [KO:K02581]
4790  NFKB1; nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 [KO:K02580]
5970  RELA; RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit [KO:K04735]
6188  RPS3; ribosomal protein S3 [KO:K02985]
5594  MAPK1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 [KO:K04371] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5595  MAPK3; mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 [KO:K04371] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5599  MAPK8; mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 [KO:K04440] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5602  MAPK10; mitogen-activated protein kinase 10 [KO:K04440] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5601  MAPK9; mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 [KO:K04440] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5600  MAPK11; mitogen-activated protein kinase 11 [KO:K04441] [EC:2.7.11.24]
6300  MAPK12; mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 [KO:K04441] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5603  MAPK13; mitogen-activated protein kinase 13 [KO:K04441] [EC:2.7.11.24]
1432  MAPK14; mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 [KO:K04441] [EC:2.7.11.24]
2353  FOS; Fos proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit [KO:K04379]
3725  JUN; Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit [KO:K04448]
3569  IL6; interleukin 6 [KO:K05405]
3576  CXCL8; C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 [KO:K10030]
8743  TNFSF10; TNF superfamily member 10 [KO:K04721]
8797  TNFRSF10A; TNF receptor superfamily member 10a [KO:K04722]
8795  TNFRSF10B; TNF receptor superfamily member 10b [KO:K04722]
356  FASLG; Fas ligand [KO:K04389]
355  FAS; Fas cell surface death receptor [KO:K04390]
8772  FADD; Fas associated via death domain [KO:K02373]
841  CASP8; caspase 8 [KO:K04398] [EC:3.4.22.61]
7009  TMBIM6; transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 6 [KO:K21889]
578  BAK1; BCL2 antagonist/killer 1 [KO:K14021]
581  BAX; BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator [KO:K02159]
54205  CYCS; cytochrome c, somatic [KO:K08738]
842  CASP9; caspase 9 [KO:K04399] [EC:3.4.22.62]
836  CASP3; caspase 3 [KO:K02187] [EC:3.4.22.56]
840  CASP7; caspase 7 [KO:K04397] [EC:3.4.22.60]
10061  ABCF2; ATP binding cassette subfamily F member 2 [KO:K06185]
4671  NAIP; NLR family apoptosis inhibitory protein [KO:K12807]
147945  NLRP4; NLR family pyrin domain containing 4 [KO:K22265]
114548  NLRP3; NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 [KO:K12800]
29108  PYCARD; PYD and CARD domain containing [KO:K12799]
834  CASP1; caspase 1 [KO:K01370] [EC:3.4.22.36]
837  CASP4; caspase 4 [KO:K04394] [EC:3.4.22.57 3.4.22.64]
3606  IL18; interleukin 18 [KO:K05482]
5058  PAK1; p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 1 [KO:K04409] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5062  PAK2; p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 2 [KO:K04410] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5063  PAK3; p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 3 [KO:K05733] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5861  RAB1A; RAB1A, member RAS oncogene family [KO:K07874]
10427  SEC24B; SEC24 homolog B, COPII coat complex component [KO:K14007]
10802  SEC24A; SEC24 homolog A, COPII coat complex component [KO:K14007]
9632  SEC24C; SEC24 homolog C, COPII coat complex component [KO:K14007]
9871  SEC24D; SEC24 homolog D, COPII coat complex component [KO:K14007]
10972  TMED10; transmembrane p24 trafficking protein 10 [KO:K20352]
100506658  OCLN; occludin [KO:K06088]
1364  CLDN4; claudin 4 [KO:K06087]
1365  CLDN3; claudin 3 [KO:K06087]
1366  CLDN7; claudin 7 [KO:K06087]
149461  CLDN19; claudin 19 [KO:K06087]
10686  CLDN16; claudin 16 [KO:K06087]
23562  CLDN14; claudin 14 [KO:K06087]
24146  CLDN15; claudin 15 [KO:K06087]
26285  CLDN17; claudin 17 [KO:K06087]
49861  CLDN20; claudin 20 [KO:K06087]
5010  CLDN11; claudin 11 [KO:K06087]
51208  CLDN18; claudin 18 [KO:K06087]
53842  CLDN22; claudin 22 [KO:K06087]
7122  CLDN5; claudin 5 [KO:K06087]
9071  CLDN10; claudin 10 [KO:K06087]
9073  CLDN8; claudin 8 [KO:K06087]
9074  CLDN6; claudin 6 [KO:K06087]
9075  CLDN2; claudin 2 [KO:K06087]
9076  CLDN1; claudin 1 [KO:K06087]
9080  CLDN9; claudin 9 [KO:K06087]
137075  CLDN23; claudin 23 [KO:K06087]
644672  CLDN25; claudin 25 [KO:K06087]
100132463  CLDN24; claudin 24 [KO:K06087]
7082  TJP1; tight junction protein 1 [KO:K05701]
Compound
C00338  Lipopolysaccharide
C00350  Phosphatidylethanolamine
C00681  1-Acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
Reference
  Authors
Pinaud L, Sansonetti PJ, Phalipon A
  Title
Host Cell Targeting by Enteropathogenic Bacteria T3SS Effectors.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 26:266-283 (2018)
DOI:10.1016/j.tim.2018.01.010
Reference
  Authors
Santos AS, Finlay BB
  Title
Bringing down the host: enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli effector-mediated subversion of host innate immune pathways.
  Journal
Cell Microbiol 17:318-32 (2015)
DOI:10.1111/cmi.12412
Reference
  Authors
Pearson JS, Hartland EL
  Title
The Inflammatory Response during Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Infection.
  Journal
Microbiol Spectr 2:EHEC-0012-2013 (2014)
DOI:10.1128/microbiolspec.EHEC-0012-2013
Reference
  Authors
Wong AR, Pearson JS, Bright MD, Munera D, Robinson KS, Lee SF, Frankel G, Hartland EL
  Title
Enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli: even more subversive elements.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 80:1420-38 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07661.x
Reference
  Authors
Lai Y, Rosenshine I, Leong JM, Frankel G
  Title
Intimate host attachment: enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Cell Microbiol 15:1796-808 (2013)
DOI:10.1111/cmi.12179
Reference
  Authors
Ugalde-Silva P, Gonzalez-Lugo O, Navarro-Garcia F
  Title
Tight Junction Disruption Induced by Type 3 Secretion System Effectors Injected by Enteropathogenic and Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Front Cell Infect Microbiol 6:87 (2016)
DOI:10.3389/fcimb.2016.00087
Reference
  Authors
Yen H, Karino M, Tobe T
  Title
Modulation of the Inflammasome Signaling Pathway by Enteropathogenic and Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Front Cell Infect Microbiol 6:89 (2016)
DOI:10.3389/fcimb.2016.00089
Reference
  Authors
Humphreys D, Singh V, Koronakis V
  Title
Inhibition of WAVE Regulatory Complex Activation by a Bacterial Virulence Effector Counteracts Pathogen Phagocytosis.
  Journal
Cell Rep 17:697-707 (2016)
DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.09.039
Reference
  Authors
Dong N, Liu L, Shao F
  Title
A bacterial effector targets host DH-PH domain RhoGEFs and antagonizes macrophage phagocytosis.
  Journal
EMBO J 29:1363-76 (2010)
DOI:10.1038/emboj.2010.33
Reference
  Authors
Matsuzawa T, Kuwae A, Yoshida S, Sasakawa C, Abe A.
  Title
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli activates the RhoA signaling pathway via the stimulation of GEF-H1.
  Journal
EMBO J 23:3570-82 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/sj.emboj.7600359
Related
pathway
hsa04064  NF-kappa B signaling pathway
hsa04210  Apoptosis
hsa04530  Tight junction
hsa04620  Toll-like receptor signaling pathway
hsa04621  NOD-like receptor signaling pathway
hsa04666  Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis
hsa04810  Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
KO pathway
ko05130   

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