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Entry
map02010                    Pathway                                

Name
ABC transporters
Description
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest known protein families, and are widespread in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. They couple ATP hydrolysis to active transport of a wide variety of substrates such as ions, sugars, lipids, sterols, peptides, proteins, and drugs. The structure of a prokaryotic ABC transporter usually consists of three components; typically two integral membrane proteins each having six transmembrane segments, two peripheral proteins that bind and hydrolyze ATP, and a periplasmic (or lipoprotein) substrate-binding protein. Many of the genes for the three components form operons as in fact observed in many bacterial and archaeal genomes. On the other hand, in a typical eukaryotic ABC transporter, the membrane spanning protein and the ATP-binding protein are fused, forming a multi-domain protein with the membrane-spanning domain (MSD) and the nucleotide-binding domain (NBD).
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Membrane transport
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
map02010  ABC transporters
map02010

Ortholog table
Disease
H00152  Sitosterolemia
H00159  Tangier disease
H00176  Adrenoleukodystrophy
H00208  Hyperbilirubinemia
H00218  Cystic fibrosis
H00560  Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
H00733  Harlequin ichthyosis
H00819  Stargardt disease
H00930  Hypoalphalipoproteinemia
H00984  Bare lymphocyte syndrome type1
H01033  Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens
H01213  Gallbladder disease
H01267  Familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia
H02056  Dubin-Johnson syndrome
Other DBs
GO: 0043190 0043191 0043192
TC: 3.A.1
Reference
PMID:9799792
  Authors
Tomii K, Kanehisa M.
  Title
A comparative analysis of ABC transporters in complete microbial genomes.
  Journal
Genome Res 8:1048-59 (1998)
DOI:10.1101/gr.8.10.1048
Reference
  Authors
Sperandeo P, Lau FK, Carpentieri A, De Castro C, Molinaro A, Deho G, Silhavy TJ, Polissi A
  Title
Functional analysis of the protein machinery required for transport of lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:4460-9 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00270-08
Reference
  Authors
Ruiz N, Gronenberg LS, Kahne D, Silhavy TJ
  Title
Identification of two inner-membrane proteins required for the transport of lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5537-42 (2008)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.0801196105
Reference
  Authors
Omata T, Price GD, Badger MR, Okamura M, Gohta S, Ogawa T
  Title
Identification of an ATP-binding cassette transporter involved in bicarbonate uptake in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:13571-6 (1999)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.96.23.13571
Reference
  Authors
Quintero MJ, Montesinos ML, Herrero A, Flores E
  Title
Identification of genes encoding amino acid permeases by inactivation of selected ORFs from the Synechocystis genomic sequence.
  Journal
Genome Res 11:2034-40 (2001)
DOI:10.1101/gr.196301
Reference
  Authors
Picossi S, Montesinos ML, Pernil R, Lichtle C, Herrero A, Flores E
  Title
ABC-type neutral amino acid permease N-I is required for optimal diazotrophic growth and is repressed in the heterocysts of Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 57:1582-92 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.04791.x
Reference
  Authors
Valladares A, Montesinos ML, Herrero A, Flores E.
  Title
An ABC-type, high-affinity urea permease identified in cyanobacteria.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 43:703-15 (2002)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2002.02778.x
Reference
  Authors
Richard-Fogal CL, Frawley ER, Kranz RG
  Title
Topology and function of CcmD in cytochrome c maturation.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:3489-93 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00146-08
Reference
  Authors
Suzuki H, Koyanagi T, Izuka S, Onishi A, Kumagai H
  Title
The yliA, -B, -C, and -D genes of Escherichia coli K-12 encode a novel glutathione importer with an ATP-binding cassette.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:5861-7 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.17.5861-5867.2005
Reference
  Authors
Novikova M, Metlitskaya A, Datsenko K, Kazakov T, Kazakov A, Wanner B, Severinov K
  Title
The Escherichia coli Yej transporter is required for the uptake of translation inhibitor microcin C.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 189:8361-5 (2007)
DOI:10.1128/JB.01028-07
Reference
  Authors
Tikhonova EB, Devroy VK, Lau SY, Zgurskaya HI
  Title
Reconstitution of the Escherichia coli macrolide transporter: the periplasmic membrane fusion protein MacA stimulates the ATPase activity of MacB.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 63:895-910 (2007)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2006.05549.x
Reference
  Authors
Yamanaka H, Kobayashi H, Takahashi E, Okamoto K
  Title
MacAB is involved in the secretion of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin II.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:7693-8 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00853-08
KO pathway
ko02010   

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