KEGG   PATHWAY: map03015
Entry
map03015                    Pathway                                

Name
mRNA surveillance pathway
Description
The mRNA surveillance pathway is a quality control mechanism that detects and degrades abnormal mRNAs. These pathways include nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), nonstop mRNA decay (NSD), and no-go decay (NGD). NMD is a mechanism that eliminates mRNAs containing premature translation-termination codons (PTCs). In vertebrates, PTCs trigger efficient NMD when located upstream of an exon junction complex (EJC). Upf3, together with Upf1 and Upf2, may signal the presence of the PTC to the 5'end of the transcript, resulting in decapping and rapid exonucleolytic digestion of the mRNA. In the NSD pathway, which targets mRNAs lacking termination codons, the ribosome is believed to translate through the 3' untranslated region and stall at the end of the poly(A) tail. NSD involves an eRF3-like protein, Ski7p, which is hypothesized to bind the empty A site of the ribosome and recruit the exosome to degrade the mRNA from the 3' end. NGD targets mRNAs with stalls in translation elongation for endonucleolytic cleavage in a process involving the Dom34 and Hbs1 proteins.
Class
Genetic Information Processing; Translation
Pathway map
map03015  mRNA surveillance pathway
map03015

Other DBs
GO: 0071028
Reference
  Authors
Maquat LE
  Title
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay: splicing, translation and mRNP dynamics.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 5:89-99 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nrm1310
Reference
  Authors
Amrani N, Sachs MS, Jacobson A
  Title
Early nonsense: mRNA decay solves a translational problem.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 7:415-25 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nrm1942
Reference
  Authors
Eulalio A, Behm-Ansmant I, Izaurralde E
  Title
P bodies: at the crossroads of post-transcriptional pathways.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 8:9-22 (2007)
DOI:10.1038/nrm2080
Reference
  Authors
Mandel CR, Bai Y, Tong L
  Title
Protein factors in pre-mRNA 3'-end processing.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 65:1099-122 (2008)
DOI:10.1007/s00018-007-7474-3
Reference
  Authors
Clement SL, Lykke-Andersen J
  Title
No mercy for messages that mess with the ribosome.
  Journal
Nat Struct Mol Biol 13:299-301 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nsmb0406-299
Related
pathway
map03013  Nucleocytoplasmic transport
map03018  RNA degradation
map03040  Spliceosome
KO pathway
ko03015   

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