KEGG   PATHWAY: map04071
Entry
map04071                    Pathway                                

Name
Sphingolipid signaling pathway
Description
Sphingomyelin (SM) and its metabolic products are now known to have second messenger functions in a variety of cellular signaling pathways. Particularly, the sphingolipid metabolites, ceramide (Cer) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), have emerged as a new class of potent bioactive molecules. Ceramide can be generated de novo or by hydrolysis of membrane sphingomyelin by sphingomyelinase (SMase). Ceramide is subsequently metabolized by ceramidase to generate sphingosine (Sph) which in turn produces S1P through phosphorylation by sphingosine kinases 1 and 2 (SphK1, 2). Both ceramide and S1P regulate cellular responses to stress, with generally opposing effects. S1P functions as a growth and survival factor, acting as a ligand for a family of G protein-coupled receptors, whereas ceramide activates intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways through receptor-independent mechanisms.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
Pathway map
map04071  Sphingolipid signaling pathway
map04071

Reference
  Authors
Hannun YA, Obeid LM
  Title
Principles of bioactive lipid signalling: lessons from sphingolipids.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 9:139-50 (2008)
DOI:10.1038/nrm2329
Reference
  Authors
Taha TA, Mullen TD, Obeid LM
  Title
A house divided: ceramide, sphingosine, and sphingosine-1-phosphate in programmed cell death.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1758:2027-36 (2006)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbamem.2006.10.018
Reference
  Authors
Liu J, Beckman BS, Foroozesh M
  Title
A review of ceramide analogs as potential anticancer agents.
  Journal
Future Med Chem 5:1405-21 (2013)
DOI:10.4155/fmc.13.107
Reference
  Authors
Kono M, Allende ML, Proia RL
  Title
Sphingosine-1-phosphate regulation of mammalian development.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1781:435-41 (2008)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbalip.2008.07.001
Reference
  Authors
Olivera A
  Title
Unraveling the complexities of sphingosine-1-phosphate function: the mast cell model.
  Journal
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 86:1-11 (2008)
DOI:10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2008.02.005
Reference
  Authors
Brunkhorst R, Vutukuri R, Pfeilschifter W
  Title
Fingolimod for the treatment of neurological diseases-state of play and future perspectives.
  Journal
Front Cell Neurosci 8:283 (2014)
DOI:10.3389/fncel.2014.00283
Reference
  Authors
Rosen H, Goetzl EJ
  Title
Sphingosine 1-phosphate and its receptors: an autocrine and paracrine network.
  Journal
Nat Rev Immunol 5:560-70 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nri1650
Reference
  Authors
Pyne S, Pyne NJ
  Title
Sphingosine 1-phosphate signalling in mammalian cells.
  Journal
Biochem J 349:385-402 (2000)
DOI:10.1042/bj3490385
Reference
  Authors
Egom EE, Mohamed TM, Mamas MA, Shi Y, Liu W, Chirico D, Stringer SE, Ke Y, Shaheen M, Wang T, Chacko S, Wang X, Solaro RJ, Fath-Ordoubadi F, Cartwright EJ, Lei M
  Title
Activation of Pak1/Akt/eNOS signaling following sphingosine-1-phosphate release as part of a mechanism protecting cardiomyocytes against ischemic cell injury.
  Journal
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H1487-95 (2011)
DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.01003.2010
Reference
  Authors
Jin ZQ, Goetzl EJ, Karliner JS
  Title
Sphingosine kinase activation mediates ischemic preconditioning in murine heart.
  Journal
Circulation 110:1980-9 (2004)
DOI:10.1161/01.CIR.0000143632.06471.93
Reference
  Authors
Melendez AJ
  Title
Sphingosine kinase signalling in immune cells: potential as novel therapeutic targets.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1784:66-75 (2008)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbapap.2007.07.013
Reference
  Authors
Halova I, Draberova L, Draber P
  Title
Mast cell chemotaxis - chemoattractants and signaling pathways.
  Journal
Front Immunol 3:119 (2012)
DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2012.00119
Reference
  Authors
Kraft S, Kinet JP
  Title
New developments in FcepsilonRI regulation, function and inhibition.
  Journal
Nat Rev Immunol 7:365-78 (2007)
DOI:10.1038/nri2072
Reference
  Authors
Gilfillan AM, Tkaczyk C.
  Title
Integrated signalling pathways for mast-cell activation.
  Journal
Nat Rev Immunol 6:218-30 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nri1782
Reference
  Authors
Osawa Y, Banno Y, Nagaki M, Brenner DA, Naiki T, Nozawa Y, Nakashima S, Moriwaki H
  Title
TNF-alpha-induced sphingosine 1-phosphate inhibits apoptosis through a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway in human hepatocytes.
  Journal
J Immunol 167:173-80 (2001)
DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.167.1.173
Reference
  Authors
Montfort A, Martin PG, Levade T, Benoist H, Segui B
  Title
FAN (factor associated with neutral sphingomyelinase activation), a moonlighting protein in TNF-R1 signaling.
  Journal
J Leukoc Biol 88:897-903 (2010)
DOI:10.1189/jlb.0410188
Reference
  Authors
Chatterjee S
  Title
Neutral sphingomyelinase: past, present and future.
  Journal
Chem Phys Lipids 102:79-96 (1999)
DOI:10.1016/S0009-3084(99)00077-8
Related
pathway
map00600  Sphingolipid metabolism
map04010  MAPK signaling pathway
map04142  Lysosome
map04151  PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
KO pathway
ko04071   

DBGET integrated database retrieval system