KEGG   PATHWAY: map05014
Entry
map05014                    Pathway                                

Name
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Description
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. In 90% of patients, ALS is sporadic, with no clear genetic linkage. On the other hand, the remaining 10% of cases show familial inheritance, with mutations in SOD1, TDP43(TARDBP), FUS, or C9orf72 genes being the most frequent causes. In spite of such difference, familial ALS and sporadic ALS have similarities in their pathological features. Proposed disease mechanisms contributing to motor neuron degeneration in ALS are: impaired proteostasis, aberrant RNA processing, mitochondrial disfunction and oxidative stress, microglia activation, and axonal dysfunction.
Class
Human Diseases; Neurodegenerative disease
Pathway map
map05014  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
map05014

Disease
H00058  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Reference
  Authors
Brown RH, Al-Chalabi A
  Title
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
  Journal
N Engl J Med 377:162-172 (2017)
DOI:10.1056/NEJMra1603471
Reference
  Authors
Webster CP, Smith EF, Shaw PJ, De Vos KJ
  Title
Protein Homeostasis in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Therapeutic Opportunities?
  Journal
Front Mol Neurosci 10:123 (2017)
DOI:10.3389/fnmol.2017.00123
Reference
  Authors
Valko K, Ciesla L
  Title
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Prog Med Chem 58:63-117 (2019)
DOI:10.1016/bs.pmch.2018.12.001
Reference
  Authors
Mathis S, Goizet C, Soulages A, Vallat JM, Masson GL
  Title
Genetics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A review.
  Journal
J Neurol Sci 399:217-226 (2019)
DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2019.02.030
Reference
  Authors
Turner MR, Hardiman O, Benatar M, Brooks BR, Chio A, de Carvalho M, Ince PG, Lin C, Miller RG, Mitsumoto H, Nicholson G, Ravits J, Shaw PJ, Swash M, Talbot K, Traynor BJ, Van den Berg LH, Veldink JH, Vucic S, Kiernan MC
  Title
Controversies and priorities in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Lancet Neurol 12:310-22 (2013)
DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70036-X
Reference
  Authors
Pasinelli P, Brown RH
  Title
Molecular biology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: insights from genetics.
  Journal
Nat Rev Neurosci 7:710-23 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nrn1971
Reference
  Authors
Goodall EF, Morrison KE
  Title
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (motor neuron disease): proposed mechanisms and pathways to treatment.
  Journal
Expert Rev Mol Med 8:1-22 (2006)
DOI:10.1017/S1462399406010854
Reference
  Authors
Smith EF, Shaw PJ, De Vos KJ
  Title
The role of mitochondria in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Neurosci Lett 710:132933 (2019)
DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2017.06.052
Reference
  Authors
Kodavati M, Wang H, Hegde ML
  Title
Altered Mitochondrial Dynamics in Motor Neuron Disease: An Emerging Perspective.
  Journal
Cells 9:E1065 (2020)
DOI:10.3390/cells9041065
Reference
  Authors
Hervias I, Beal MF, Manfredi G
  Title
Mitochondrial dysfunction and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Muscle Nerve 33:598-608 (2006)
DOI:10.1002/mus.20489
Reference
  Authors
Bacman SR, Bradley WG, Moraes CT
  Title
Mitochondrial involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: trigger or target?
  Journal
Mol Neurobiol 33:113-31 (2006)
DOI:10.1385/MN:33:2:113
Reference
  Authors
Lin MT, Beal MF
  Title
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases.
  Journal
Nature 443:787-95 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nature05292
Reference
  Authors
Bendotti C, Bao Cutrona M, Cheroni C, Grignaschi G, Lo Coco D, Peviani M, Tortarolo M, Veglianese P, Zennaro E
  Title
Inter- and intracellular signaling in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.
  Journal
Neurodegener Dis 2:128-34 (2005)
DOI:10.1159/000089617
Reference
  Authors
Simpson EP, Yen AA, Appel SH
  Title
Oxidative Stress: a common denominator in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Curr Opin Rheumatol 15:730-6 (2003)
DOI:10.1097/00002281-200311000-00008
Reference
  Authors
Bendotti C, Carri MT
  Title
Lessons from models of SOD1-linked familial ALS.
  Journal
Trends Mol Med 10:393-400 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.molmed.2004.06.009
Reference
  Authors
Robertson J, Kriz J, Nguyen MD, Julien JP
  Title
Pathways to motor neuron degeneration in transgenic mouse models.
  Journal
Biochimie 84:1151-60 (2002)
DOI:10.1016/S0300-9084(02)00025-1
Reference
  Authors
Eve DJ, Dennis JS, Citron BA
  Title
Transcription factor p53 in degenerating spinal cords.
  Journal
Brain Res 1150:174-81 (2007)
DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2007.02.088
Reference
  Authors
Bahar E, Kim H, Yoon H
  Title
ER Stress-Mediated Signaling: Action Potential and Ca(2+) as Key Players.
  Journal
Int J Mol Sci 17:E1558 (2016)
DOI:10.3390/ijms17091558
Reference
  Authors
Bezprozvanny I
  Title
Calcium signaling and neurodegenerative diseases.
  Journal
Trends Mol Med 15:89-100 (2009)
DOI:10.1016/j.molmed.2009.01.001
Reference
  Authors
von Lewinski F, Keller BU
  Title
Ca2+, mitochondria and selective motoneuron vulnerability: implications for ALS.
  Journal
Trends Neurosci 28:494-500 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.tins.2005.07.001
Reference
  Authors
Julien JP.
  Title
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. unfolding the toxicity of the misfolded.
  Journal
Cell 104:581-91 (2001)
DOI:10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00244-6
Reference
  Authors
Hand CK, Rouleau GA
  Title
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Muscle Nerve 25:135-59 (2002)
DOI:10.1002/mus.10000
Reference
  Authors
Barber SC, Mead RJ, Shaw PJ
  Title
Oxidative stress in ALS: a mechanism of neurodegeneration and a therapeutic target.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1762:1051-67 (2006)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbadis.2006.03.008
Reference
  Authors
Prasad A, Bharathi V, Sivalingam V, Girdhar A, Patel BK
  Title
Molecular Mechanisms of TDP-43 Misfolding and Pathology in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
  Journal
Front Mol Neurosci 12:25 (2019)
DOI:10.3389/fnmol.2019.00025
Reference
  Authors
Nguyen DKH, Thombre R, Wang J
  Title
Autophagy as a common pathway in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Neurosci Lett 697:34-48 (2019)
DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2018.04.006
Reference
  Authors
Lee JK, Shin JH, Lee JE, Choi EJ
  Title
Role of autophagy in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1852:2517-24 (2015)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbadis.2015.08.005
Reference
  Authors
Oakes JA, Davies MC, Collins MO
  Title
TBK1: a new player in ALS linking autophagy and neuroinflammation.
  Journal
Mol Brain 10:5 (2017)
DOI:10.1186/s13041-017-0287-x
Reference
  Authors
Ramesh N, Pandey UB
  Title
Autophagy Dysregulation in ALS: When Protein Aggregates Get Out of Hand.
  Journal
Front Mol Neurosci 10:263 (2017)
DOI:10.3389/fnmol.2017.00263
Reference
  Authors
Kunita R, Otomo A, Mizumura H, Suzuki-Utsunomiya K, Hadano S, Ikeda JE
  Title
The Rab5 activator ALS2/alsin acts as a novel Rac1 effector through Rac1-activated endocytosis.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 282:16599-611 (2007)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M610682200
Reference
  Authors
Hadano S, Kunita R, Otomo A, Suzuki-Utsunomiya K, Ikeda JE
  Title
Molecular and cellular function of ALS2/alsin: implication of membrane dynamics in neuronal development and degeneration.
  Journal
Neurochem Int 51:74-84 (2007)
DOI:10.1016/j.neuint.2007.04.010
Reference
  Authors
Ruffoli R, Bartalucci A, Frati A, Fornai F
  Title
Ultrastructural studies of ALS mitochondria connect altered function and permeability with defects of mitophagy and mitochondriogenesis.
  Journal
Front Cell Neurosci 9:341 (2015)
DOI:10.3389/fncel.2015.00341
Reference
  Authors
Menzies FM, Fleming A, Rubinsztein DC
  Title
Compromised autophagy and neurodegenerative diseases.
  Journal
Nat Rev Neurosci 16:345-57 (2015)
DOI:10.1038/nrn3961
Reference
  Authors
Casterton RL, Hunt RJ, Fanto M
  Title
Pathomechanism Heterogeneity in the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia Disease Spectrum: Providing Focus Through the Lens of Autophagy.
  Journal
J Mol Biol 432:2692-2713 (2020)
DOI:10.1016/j.jmb.2020.02.018
Reference
  Authors
Lin G, Mao D, Bellen HJ
  Title
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Pathogenesis Converges on Defects in Protein Homeostasis Associated with TDP-43 Mislocalization and Proteasome-Mediated Degradation Overload.
  Journal
Curr Top Dev Biol 121:111-171 (2017)
DOI:10.1016/bs.ctdb.2016.07.004
Reference
  Authors
Hetz C, Mollereau B
  Title
Disturbance of endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis in neurodegenerative diseases.
  Journal
Nat Rev Neurosci 15:233-49 (2014)
DOI:10.1038/nrn3689
Reference
  Authors
Xiang C, Wang Y, Zhang H, Han F
  Title
The role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in neurodegenerative disease.
  Journal
Apoptosis 22:1-26 (2017)
DOI:10.1007/s10495-016-1296-4
Reference
  Authors
Hughes D, Mallucci GR
  Title
The unfolded protein response in neurodegenerative disorders - therapeutic modulation of the PERK pathway.
  Journal
FEBS J 286:342-355 (2019)
DOI:10.1111/febs.14422
Reference
  Authors
Doyle KM, Kennedy D, Gorman AM, Gupta S, Healy SJ, Samali A
  Title
Unfolded proteins and endoplasmic reticulum stress in neurodegenerative disorders.
  Journal
J Cell Mol Med 15:2025-39 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01374.x
Reference
  Authors
Turner BJ, Atkin JD
  Title
ER stress and UPR in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Curr Mol Med 6:79-86 (2006)
DOI:10.2174/156652406775574550
Reference
  Authors
Nishitoh H, Kadowaki H, Nagai A, Maruyama T, Yokota T, Fukutomi H, Noguchi T, Matsuzawa A, Takeda K, Ichijo H
  Title
ALS-linked mutant SOD1 induces ER stress- and ASK1-dependent motor neuron death by targeting Derlin-1.
  Journal
Genes Dev 22:1451-64 (2008)
DOI:10.1101/gad.1640108
Reference
  Authors
Walker AK, Atkin JD
  Title
Stress signaling from the endoplasmic reticulum: A central player in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
IUBMB Life 63:754-63 (2011)
DOI:10.1002/iub.520
Reference
  Authors
Renaud L, Picher-Martel V, Codron P, Julien JP
  Title
Key role of UBQLN2 in pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia.
  Journal
Acta Neuropathol Commun 7:103 (2019)
DOI:10.1186/s40478-019-0758-7
Reference
  Authors
Nguyen HP, Van Broeckhoven C, van der Zee J
  Title
ALS Genes in the Genomic Era and their Implications for FTD.
  Journal
Trends Genet 34:404-423 (2018)
DOI:10.1016/j.tig.2018.03.001
Reference
  Authors
Atkin G, Paulson H
  Title
Ubiquitin pathways in neurodegenerative disease.
  Journal
Front Mol Neurosci 7:63 (2014)
DOI:10.3389/fnmol.2014.00063
Reference
  Authors
Kim JM, Billington E, Reyes A, Notarianni T, Sage J, Agbas E, Taylor M, Monast I, Stanford JA, Agbas A
  Title
Impaired Cu-Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1) and Calcineurin (Cn) Interaction in ALS: A Presumed Consequence for TDP-43 and Zinc Aggregation in Tg SOD1(G93A) Rodent Spinal Cord Tissue.
  Journal
Neurochem Res 44:228-233 (2019)
DOI:10.1007/s11064-017-2461-z
Reference
  Authors
Benarroch EE
  Title
Sigma-1 receptor and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  Journal
Neurology 91:743-747 (2018)
DOI:10.1212/WNL.0000000000006347
Reference
  Authors
Millecamps S, Julien JP
  Title
Axonal transport deficits and neurodegenerative diseases.
  Journal
Nat Rev Neurosci 14:161-76 (2013)
DOI:10.1038/nrn3380
Related
pathway
map00190  Oxidative phosphorylation
map03013  RNA transport
map03050  Proteasome
map04010  MAPK signaling pathway
map04012  ErbB signaling pathway
map04020  Calcium signaling pathway
map04115  p53 signaling pathway
map04137  Mitophagy - animal
map04140  Autophagy - animal
map04141  Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum
map04210  Apoptosis
map04724  Glutamatergic synapse
map04810  Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
KO pathway
ko05014   

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