KEGG   PATHWAY: map02010
Entry
map02010                    Pathway                                

Name
ABC transporters
Description
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest known protein families, and are widespread in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. They couple ATP hydrolysis to active transport of a wide variety of substrates such as ions, sugars, lipids, sterols, peptides, proteins, and drugs. The structure of a prokaryotic ABC transporter usually consists of three components; typically two integral membrane proteins each having six transmembrane segments, two peripheral proteins that bind and hydrolyze ATP, and a periplasmic (or lipoprotein) substrate-binding protein. Many of the genes for the three components form operons as in fact observed in many bacterial and archaeal genomes. On the other hand, in a typical eukaryotic ABC transporter, the membrane spanning protein and the ATP-binding protein are fused, forming a multi-domain protein with the membrane-spanning domain (MSD) and the nucleotide-binding domain (NBD).
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Membrane transport
Pathway map
map02010  ABC transporters
map02010

Disease
H01267  Familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia
H02417  Gingival fibromatosis with hypertrichosis
Other DBs
GO: 0043190 0043191 0043192
TC: 3.A.1
Reference
PMID:9799792
  Authors
Tomii K, Kanehisa M.
  Title
A comparative analysis of ABC transporters in complete microbial genomes.
  Journal
Genome Res 8:1048-59 (1998)
DOI:10.1101/gr.8.10.1048
Reference
  Authors
Sperandeo P, Lau FK, Carpentieri A, De Castro C, Molinaro A, Deho G, Silhavy TJ, Polissi A
  Title
Functional analysis of the protein machinery required for transport of lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:4460-9 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00270-08
Reference
  Authors
Ruiz N, Gronenberg LS, Kahne D, Silhavy TJ
  Title
Identification of two inner-membrane proteins required for the transport of lipopolysaccharide to the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5537-42 (2008)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.0801196105
Reference
  Authors
Omata T, Price GD, Badger MR, Okamura M, Gohta S, Ogawa T
  Title
Identification of an ATP-binding cassette transporter involved in bicarbonate uptake in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:13571-6 (1999)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.96.23.13571
Reference
  Authors
Quintero MJ, Montesinos ML, Herrero A, Flores E
  Title
Identification of genes encoding amino acid permeases by inactivation of selected ORFs from the Synechocystis genomic sequence.
  Journal
Genome Res 11:2034-40 (2001)
DOI:10.1101/gr.196301
Reference
  Authors
Picossi S, Montesinos ML, Pernil R, Lichtle C, Herrero A, Flores E
  Title
ABC-type neutral amino acid permease N-I is required for optimal diazotrophic growth and is repressed in the heterocysts of Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 57:1582-92 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.04791.x
Reference
  Authors
Valladares A, Montesinos ML, Herrero A, Flores E.
  Title
An ABC-type, high-affinity urea permease identified in cyanobacteria.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 43:703-15 (2002)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2002.02778.x
Reference
  Authors
Richard-Fogal CL, Frawley ER, Kranz RG
  Title
Topology and function of CcmD in cytochrome c maturation.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:3489-93 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00146-08
Reference
  Authors
Suzuki H, Koyanagi T, Izuka S, Onishi A, Kumagai H
  Title
The yliA, -B, -C, and -D genes of Escherichia coli K-12 encode a novel glutathione importer with an ATP-binding cassette.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:5861-7 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.17.5861-5867.2005
Reference
  Authors
Novikova M, Metlitskaya A, Datsenko K, Kazakov T, Kazakov A, Wanner B, Severinov K
  Title
The Escherichia coli Yej transporter is required for the uptake of translation inhibitor microcin C.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 189:8361-5 (2007)
DOI:10.1128/JB.01028-07
Reference
  Authors
Tikhonova EB, Devroy VK, Lau SY, Zgurskaya HI
  Title
Reconstitution of the Escherichia coli macrolide transporter: the periplasmic membrane fusion protein MacA stimulates the ATPase activity of MacB.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 63:895-910 (2007)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2006.05549.x
Reference
  Authors
Yamanaka H, Kobayashi H, Takahashi E, Okamoto K
  Title
MacAB is involved in the secretion of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin II.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 190:7693-8 (2008)
DOI:10.1128/JB.00853-08
KO pathway
ko02010   

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