KEGG   PATHWAY: map04150Help
Entry
map04150                    Pathway                                

Name
mTOR signaling pathway
Description
The mammalian (mechanistic) target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a highly conserved serine/threonine protein kinase, which exists in two complexes termed mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2). mTORC1 contains mTOR, Raptor, PRAS40, Deptor, mLST8, Tel2 and Tti1. mTORC1 is activated by the presence of growth factors, amino acids, energy status, stress and oxygen levels to regulate several biological processes, including lipid metabolism, autophagy, protein synthesis and ribosome biogenesis. On the other hand, mTORC2, which consists of mTOR, mSin1, Rictor, Protor, Deptor, mLST8, Tel2 and Tti1, responds to growth factors and controls cytoskeletal organization, metabolism and survival.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
map04150  mTOR signaling pathway
map04150

Ortholog table
Disease
H00666  Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
H00896  Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
H00915  Tuberous sclerosis complex
H01112  Polyhydramnios, megalencephaly, and symptomatic epilepsy
H01251  Focal cortical dysplasia of Taylor
H01691  Renal angiomyolipoma
H01692  Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
H01885  Megalencephaly-polymicrogyria-polydactyly-hydrocephalus syndrome
H01909  Hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia with hemihypertrophy
H01912  Congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, and epidermal nevi
H01928  Smith-Kingsmore syndrome
H02111  Autism
H02119  Proteus syndrome
H02153  Megalencephaly-capillary malformation syndrome
H02214  Familial focal epilepsy with variable foci
H02219  DDOD syndrome
Reference
  Authors
Kennedy BK, Lamming DW
  Title
The Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin: The Grand ConducTOR of Metabolism and Aging.
  Journal
Cell Metab 23:990-1003 (2016)
DOI:10.1016/j.cmet.2016.05.009
Reference
  Authors
Shimobayashi M, Hall MN
  Title
Making new contacts: the mTOR network in metabolism and signalling crosstalk.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 15:155-62 (2014)
DOI:10.1038/nrm3757
Reference
  Authors
Huang K, Fingar DC
  Title
Growing knowledge of the mTOR signaling network.
  Journal
Semin Cell Dev Biol 36:79-90 (2014)
DOI:10.1016/j.semcdb.2014.09.011
Reference
  Authors
Bockaert J, Marin P
  Title
mTOR in Brain Physiology and Pathologies.
  Journal
Physiol Rev 95:1157-87 (2015)
DOI:10.1152/physrev.00038.2014
Reference
  Authors
Caron A, Richard D, Laplante M
  Title
The Roles of mTOR Complexes in Lipid Metabolism.
  Journal
Annu Rev Nutr 35:321-48 (2015)
DOI:10.1146/annurev-nutr-071714-034355
Reference
  Authors
Shimobayashi M, Hall MN
  Title
Multiple amino acid sensing inputs to mTORC1.
  Journal
Cell Res 26:7-20 (2016)
DOI:10.1038/cr.2015.146
Reference
  Authors
Bar-Peled L, Sabatini DM
  Title
Regulation of mTORC1 by amino acids.
  Journal
Trends Cell Biol 24:400-6 (2014)
DOI:10.1016/j.tcb.2014.03.003
Reference
  Authors
Fingar DC
  Title
Rag Ubiquitination Recruits a GATOR1: Attenuation of Amino Acid-Induced mTORC1 Signaling.
  Journal
Mol Cell 58:713-5 (2015)
DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2015.05.029
Reference
  Authors
Cai H, Dong LQ, Liu F
  Title
Recent Advances in Adipose mTOR Signaling and Function: Therapeutic Prospects.
  Journal
Trends Pharmacol Sci 37:303-17 (2016)
DOI:10.1016/j.tips.2015.11.011
Reference
  Authors
Eyre TA, Collins GP, Goldstone AH, Cwynarski K
  Title
Time now to TORC the TORC? New developments in mTOR pathway inhibition in lymphoid malignancies.
  Journal
Br J Haematol 166:336-51 (2014)
DOI:10.1111/bjh.12945
Reference
  Authors
Jewell JL, Guan KL
  Title
Nutrient signaling to mTOR and cell growth.
  Journal
Trends Biochem Sci 38:233-42 (2013)
DOI:10.1016/j.tibs.2013.01.004
Reference
  Authors
Wood TL, Bercury KK, Cifelli SE, Mursch LE, Min J, Dai J, Macklin WB
  Title
mTOR: a link from the extracellular milieu to transcriptional regulation of oligodendrocyte development.
  Journal
ASN Neuro 5:e00108 (2013)
DOI:10.1042/AN20120092
Reference
  Authors
Kim SG, Buel GR, Blenis J
  Title
Nutrient regulation of the mTOR complex 1 signaling pathway.
  Journal
Mol Cells 35:463-73 (2013)
DOI:10.1007/s10059-013-0138-2
Reference
  Authors
Laplante M, Sabatini DM
  Title
mTOR signaling at a glance.
  Journal
J Cell Sci 122:3589-94 (2009)
DOI:10.1242/jcs.051011
Reference
  Authors
Alessi DR, Sakamoto K, Bayascas JR
  Title
LKB1-dependent signaling pathways.
  Journal
Annu Rev Biochem 75:137-63 (2006)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.biochem.75.103004.142702
Reference
  Authors
Dan HC, Antonia RJ, Baldwin AS
  Title
PI3K/Akt promotes feedforward mTORC2 activation through IKKalpha.
  Journal
Oncotarget 7:21064-75 (2016)
DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.8383
KO pathway
ko04150   

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