KEGG   PATHWAY: map04510Help
Entry
map04510                    Pathway                                

Name
Focal adhesion
Description
Cell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the cell-extracellular matrix contact points, specialized structures are formed and termed focal adhesions, where bundles of actin filaments are anchored to transmembrane receptors of the integrin family through a multi-molecular complex of junctional plaque proteins. Some of the constituents of focal adhesions participate in the structural link between membrane receptors and the actin cytoskeleton, while others are signalling molecules, including different protein kinases and phosphatases, their substrates, and various adapter proteins. Integrin signaling is dependent upon the non-receptor tyrosine kinase activities of the FAK and src proteins as well as the adaptor protein functions of FAK, src and Shc to initiate downstream signaling events. These signalling events culminate in reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton; a prerequisite for changes in cell shape and motility, and gene expression. Similar morphological alterations and modulation of gene expression are initiated by the binding of growth factors to their respective receptors, emphasizing the considerable crosstalk between adhesion- and growth factor-mediated signalling.
Class
Cellular Processes; Cellular community - eukaryotes
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
map04510  Focal adhesion
map04510

Ortholog table
Disease
H00226  Glanzmann thrombasthenia
H00461  FLNB-related disorders
H00520  Type II collagenopathies
H00567  Caveolinopathies
H00576  Pierson syndrome
H00579  Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps (HANAC)
H00581  Alport syndrome
H00582  Benign familial hematuria
H00586  Epidermolysis bullosa, junctional
H00590  Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD/MDC)
H00593  Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)
H00595  Myofibrillar myopathies (MFM)
H00801  Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD)
H00802  Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS)
H00805  Vitreoretinal degeneration
H00813  Laryngo onycho cutaneous syndrome
H00839  Porencephaly
H00877  Brain small vessel disease with hemorrhage
H00894  FG syndrome (FGS)
H00947  Pilomatricoma
H01195  VACTERL/VATER association
H01210  Hypomagnesemia
H01255  Juvenile-onset dystonia
H01260  Glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits (GFND)
H01274  Growth delay due to insulin-like growth factor I resistance
H01276  Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
H01338  Myosclerosis
H01340  Bethlem myopathy
H01341  Collagen VI myopathy
H01526  Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
H01740  Macrothrombocytopenia
H01778  Ullrich disease
H02048  Larsen syndrome
H02064  Atelosteogenesis
H02066  Achondrogenesis type II
H02067  Boomerang dysplasia
H02070  Kniest dysplasia
H02071  Czech dysplasia
H02072  Stickler syndrome
Other DBs
GO: 0005925
Reference
  Authors
Berman AE, Kozlova NI, Morozevich GE.
  Title
Integrins: structure and signaling.
  Journal
Biochemistry (Mosc) 68:1284-99 (2003)
Reference
  Authors
Lee JW, Juliano R.
  Title
Mitogenic signal transduction by integrin- and growth factor receptor-mediated pathways.
  Journal
Mol Cells 17:188-202 (2004)
Reference
  Authors
Danen EH, Yamada KM.
  Title
Fibronectin, integrins, and growth control.
  Journal
J Cell Physiol 189:1-13 (2001)
DOI:10.1002/jcp.1137
Reference
  Authors
Guo W, Giancotti FG.
  Title
Integrin signalling during tumour progression.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 5:816-26 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nrm1490
Reference
  Authors
Petit V, Thiery JP.
  Title
Focal adhesions: structure and dynamics.
  Journal
Biol Cell 92:477-94 (2000)
DOI:10.1016/S0248-4900(00)01101-1
Reference
  Authors
Stupack DG, Cheresh DA.
  Title
Get a ligand, get a life: integrins, signaling and cell survival.
  Journal
J Cell Sci 115:3729-38 (2002)
DOI:10.1242/jcs.00071
Reference
  Authors
Parsons JT.
  Title
Focal adhesion kinase: the first ten years.
  Journal
J Cell Sci 116:1409-16 (2003)
DOI:10.1242/jcs.00373
Reference
  Authors
Mitra SK, Hanson DA, Schlaepfer DD.
  Title
Focal adhesion kinase: in command and control of cell motility.
  Journal
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 6:56-68 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nrm1549
Reference
  Authors
Comoglio PM, Boccaccio C, Trusolino L.
  Title
Interactions between growth factor receptors and adhesion molecules: breaking the rules.
  Journal
Curr Opin Cell Biol 15:565-71 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0955-0674(03)00096-6
Reference
  Authors
Schlaepfer DD, Mitra SK.
  Title
Multiple connections link FAK to cell motility and invasion.
  Journal
Curr Opin Genet Dev 14:92-101 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.gde.2003.12.002
Reference
  Authors
Burridge K, Wennerberg K.
  Title
Rho and Rac take center stage.
  Journal
Cell 116:167-79 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/S0092-8674(04)00003-0
Reference
  Authors
Schmitz AA, Govek EE, Bottner B, Van Aelst L.
  Title
Rho GTPases: signaling, migration, and invasion.
  Journal
Exp Cell Res 261:1-12 (2000)
DOI:10.1006/excr.2000.5049
Reference
  Authors
Vanhaesebroeck B, Alessi DR.
  Title
The PI3K-PDK1 connection: more than just a road to PKB.
  Journal
Biochem J 346 Pt 3:561-76 (2000)
DOI:10.1042/bj3460561
Reference
  Authors
Nicholson KM, Anderson NG.
  Title
The protein kinase B/Akt signalling pathway in human malignancy.
  Journal
Cell Signal 14:381-95 (2002)
DOI:10.1016/S0898-6568(01)00271-6
Reference
  Authors
Oloumi A, McPhee T, Dedhar S.
  Title
Regulation of E-cadherin expression and beta-catenin/Tcf transcriptional activity by the integrin-linked kinase.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1691:1-15 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2003.12.002
Reference
  Authors
Turner CE.
  Title
Paxillin and focal adhesion signalling.
  Journal
Nat Cell Biol 2:E231-6 (2000)
DOI:10.1038/35046659
Reference
  Authors
Hlobilkova A, Knillova J, Bartek J, Lukas J, Kolar Z.
  Title
The mechanism of action of the tumour suppressor gene PTEN.
  Journal
Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 147:19-25 (2003)
KO pathway
ko04510   

DBGET integrated database retrieval system