KEGG   PATHWAY: etc02020Help
Entry
etc02020                    Pathway                                

Name
Two-component system - Edwardsiella piscicida C07-087
Description
Two-component signal transduction systems enable bacteria to sense, respond, and adapt to changes in their environment or in their intracellular state. Each two-component system consists of a sensor protein-histidine kinase (HK) and a response regulator (RR). In the prototypical two-component pathway, the sensor HK phosphorylates its own conserved His residue in response to a signal(s) in the environment. Subsequently, the phosphoryl group of HK is transferred onto a specific Asp residue on the RR. The activated RR can then effect changes in cellular physiology, often by regulating gene expression. Two-component pathways thus often enable cells to sense and respond to stimuli by inducing changes in transcription.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
etc02020  Two-component system
etc02020

Ortholog table
Module
etc_M00444  PhoQ-PhoP (magnesium transport) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00445  EnvZ-OmpR (osmotic stress response) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00446  RstB-RstA two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00447  CpxA-CpxR (envelope stress response) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00450  BaeS-BaeR (envelope stress response) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00451  BasS-BasR (antimicrobial peptide resistance) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00452  CusS-CusR (copper tolerance) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00453  QseC-QseB (quorum sensing) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00454  KdpD-KdpE (potassium transport) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00455  TorS-TorR (TMAO respiration) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00456  ArcB-ArcA (anoxic redox control) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00472  NarQ-NarP (nitrate respiration) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00473  UhpB-UhpA (hexose phosphates uptake) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00474  RcsC-RcsD-RcsB (capsule synthesis) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00475  BarA-UvrY (central carbon metabolism) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00486  CitA-CitB (citrate fermentation) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00497  GlnL-GlnG (nitrogen regulation) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00500  AtoS-AtoC (cPHB biosynthesis) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00502  GlrK-GlrR (amino sugar metabolism) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00503  PgtB-PgtA (phosphoglycerate transport) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00514  TtrS-TtrR (tetrathionate respiration) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00646  Multidrug resistance, efflux pump AcrAD-TolC [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00648  Multidrug resistance, efflux pump MdtABC [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00663  SsrA-SsrB two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
etc_M00818  FusK-FusR (virulence regulation) two-component regulatory system [PATH:etc02020]
Other DBs
GO: 0000160
Organism
Edwardsiella piscicida C07-087 [GN:etc]
Gene
ETAC_05160  phoR; phosphate regulon sensor protein [KO:K07636] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_13900  alkaline phosphatase [KO:K01077] [EC:3.1.3.1]
ETAC_17005  phosphate ABC transporter periplasmic substrate-binding protein PstS [KO:K02040]
ETAC_09790  sensor protein PhoQ [KO:K07637] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_09785  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator PhoP [KO:K07660]
ETAC_07490  Attachment invasion locus protein [KO:K07804]
ETAC_12850  Attachment invasion locus protein [KO:K07804]
ETAC_06420  membrane-associated phospholipid phosphatase [KO:K09474] [EC:3.1.3.2]
ETAC_15640  envZ; osmolarity sensor protein [KO:K07638] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_15645  ompR; osmolarity response regulator [KO:K07659]
ETAC_08055  sensor protein RstB [KO:K07639] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_08050  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator RstA [KO:K07661]
ETAC_16595  cpxA; two-component sensor protein [KO:K07640] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_16590  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator CpxR [KO:K07662]
ETAC_13350  serine endoprotease [KO:K04771] [EC:3.4.21.107]
ETAC_03250  Two-component response regulator CreB [KO:K07663]
ETAC_05090  signal transduction histidine-protein kinase BaeS [KO:K07642] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_05085  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator BaeR [KO:K07664]
ETAC_05105  Putative RND efflux membrane fusion protein [KO:K07799]
ETAC_05100  multidrug efflux system subunit MdtB [KO:K07788]
ETAC_05095  multidrug efflux system subunit MdtC [KO:K07789]
ETAC_05295  aminoglycoside/multidrug efflux system [KO:K18324]
ETAC_01740  sensor protein BasS/PmrB [KO:K07643] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_01745  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator BasR [KO:K07771]
ETAC_06120  UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose--oxoglutarate aminotransferase [KO:K07806] [EC:2.6.1.87]
ETAC_07640  sensor kinase CusS [KO:K07644] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_07645  DNA-binding transcriptional activator CusR [KO:K07665]
ETAC_07650  copper/silver efflux system outer membrane protein CusC [KO:K07796]
ETAC_07655  Cation efflux system protein cusF [KO:K07810]
ETAC_07660  copper/silver efflux system membrane fusion protein CusB [KO:K07798]
ETAC_07665  Cobalt-zinc-cadmium resistance protein CzcA; Cation efflux system protein CusA [KO:K07787]
ETAC_01995  sensor protein QseC [KO:K07645] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_02000  Two-component system response regulator QseB [KO:K07666]
ETAC_06320  transcriptional activator FlhD [KO:K02403]
ETAC_06325  transcriptional activator FlhC [KO:K02402]
ETAC_10105  Flagellar biosynthesis protein [KO:K02406]
ETAC_10110  Flagellar biosynthesis protein [KO:K02406]
ETAC_10100  fliA; flagellar biosynthesis sigma factor [KO:K02405]
ETAC_06330  flagellar motor protein MotA [KO:K02556]
ETAC_12515  sensor protein KdpD [KO:K07646] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_12520  DNA-binding transcriptional activator KdpE [KO:K07667]
ETAC_12500  potassium-transporting ATPase subunit A [KO:K01546]
ETAC_12505  potassium-transporting ATPase subunit B [KO:K01547] [EC:7.2.2.6]
ETAC_12510  Potassium-transporting ATPase subunit C [KO:K01548]
ETAC_01305  hybrid sensory histidine kinase TorS [KO:K07647] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_01295  DNA-binding transcriptional regulator TorR [KO:K07772]
ETAC_01290  trimethylamine N-oxide reductase cytochrome c-type subunit [KO:K03532]
ETAC_10790  Functional role page for Cytochrome c-type protein TorY [KO:K03532]
ETAC_01285  trimethylamine N-oxide reductase I catalytic subunit [KO:K07811] [EC:1.7.2.3]
ETAC_01280  torD; chaperone protein TorD [KO:K03533]
ETAC_02570  aerobic respiration control sensor protein ArcB [KO:K07648] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_02725  two-component response regulator [KO:K07773]
ETAC_00005  chromosomal replication initiator protein dnaA [KO:K02313]
ETAC_00960  dpiB; sensor histidine kinase DpiB [KO:K07700] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_00965  Transcriptional regulatory protein CitB, DpiA [KO:K07702]
ETAC_00955  [citrate [pro-3S]-lyase] ligase [KO:K01910] [EC:6.2.1.22]
ETAC_00950  citrate lyase subunit gamma [KO:K01646]
ETAC_00945  citrate lyase subunit beta [KO:K01644] [EC:4.1.3.34]
ETAC_00940  citrate lyase subunit alpha [KO:K01643] [EC:2.8.3.10]
ETAC_00935  citX; 2'-(5''-triphosphoribosyl)-3'-dephospho-CoA:apo-citrate lyase [KO:K05964] [EC:2.7.7.61]
ETAC_00930  2-(5''-triphosphoribosyl)-3'-dephosphocoenzyme-A synthase [KO:K05966] [EC:2.4.2.52]
ETAC_00925  citrate:succinate antiporter [KO:K09477]
ETAC_13690  anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate transporter [KO:K07792]
ETAC_05560  malate dehydrogenase [KO:K00027] [EC:1.1.1.38]
ETAC_05310  nitrate/nitrite sensor protein NarQ [KO:K07674] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_05305  Nitrate/nitrite response regulator protein [KO:K07685]
ETAC_01055  respiratory nitrate reductase subunit alpha [KO:K00370] [EC:1.7.99.- 1.7.5.1]
ETAC_01050  respiratory nitrate reductase subunit beta [KO:K00371] [EC:1.7.99.- 1.7.5.1]
ETAC_01040  respiratory nitrate reductase subunit gamma [KO:K00374] [EC:1.7.99.- 1.7.5.1]
ETAC_01045  respiratory nitrate reductase subunit delta [KO:K00373]
ETAC_15935  anaerobic dehydrogenase [KO:K08348] [EC:1.17.5.3]
ETAC_15930  formate dehydrogenase, alpha subunit, premature stop [KO:K08348] [EC:1.17.5.3]
ETAC_15940  Formate dehydrogenase N beta subunit [KO:K08349]
ETAC_15945  formate dehydrogenase-N subunit gamma [KO:K08350]
ETAC_01470  fumarate reductase flavoprotein subunit [KO:K00244] [EC:1.3.5.4]
ETAC_01465  fumarate reductase iron-sulfur subunit [KO:K00245] [EC:1.3.5.4]
ETAC_01460  fumarate reductase subunit C [KO:K00246]
ETAC_01455  fumarate reductase subunit D [KO:K00247]
ETAC_06110  hypothetical protein [KO:K07783]
ETAC_06285  Hexose phosphate uptake regulatory protein UhpC [KO:K07783]
ETAC_16200  regulatory protein UhpC [KO:K07783]
ETAC_16205  sensory histidine kinase UhpB [KO:K07675] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_16210  two-component system response regulator [KO:K07686]
ETAC_06290  Sensor histidine protein kinase UhpB, glucose-6-phosphate specific [KO:K20263] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_06295  Transcriptional regulatory protein UhpA [KO:K20264]
ETAC_02670  RcsF [KO:K06080]
ETAC_11025  hybrid sensory kinase in two-component regulatory system with RcsB and YojN [KO:K07677] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_11015  phosphotransfer intermediate protein in two-component regulatory system with RcsBC [KO:K07676] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_11020  transcriptional regulator RcsB [KO:K07687]
ETAC_13135  hybrid sensory histidine kinase BarA [KO:K07678] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_09470  BarA-associated response regulator UvrY [KO:K07689]
ETAC_13760  carbon storage regulator [KO:K03563]
ETAC_15195  ampC; beta-lactamase/D-alanine carboxypeptidase [KO:K01467] [EC:3.5.2.6]
ETAC_03550  PII uridylyl-transferase [KO:K00990] [EC:2.7.7.59]
ETAC_03770  nitrogen regulatory protein P-II 1 [KO:K04751]
ETAC_16795  glnL; nitrogen regulation protein NR(II) [KO:K07708] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_16800  glnG; nitrogen regulation protein NR(I) [KO:K07712]
ETAC_16790  glnA; glutamine synthetase [KO:K01915] [EC:6.3.1.2]
ETAC_09190  Sensory histidine kinase AtoS [KO:K07710] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_09195  acetoacetate metabolism regulatory protein AtoC [KO:K07714]
ETAC_09200  acetyl-CoA:acetoacetyl-CoA transferase subunit alpha [KO:K01034] [EC:2.8.3.9 2.8.3.8]
ETAC_10065  acetyl-CoA:acetoacetyl-CoA transferase subunit alpha [KO:K01034] [EC:2.8.3.9 2.8.3.8]
ETAC_10070  acetate CoA-transferase subunit beta [KO:K01035] [EC:2.8.3.9 2.8.3.8]
ETAC_09205  acetate CoA-transferase subunit beta [KO:K01035] [EC:2.8.3.9 2.8.3.8]
ETAC_09210  short chain fatty acid transporter [KO:K02106]
ETAC_09215  acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
ETAC_10075  acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase [KO:K00626] [EC:2.3.1.9]
ETAC_06240  Phosphoglycerate transport regulatory protein PgtC [KO:K08478]
ETAC_06235  phosphoglycerate transport: protein for signal transmission [KO:K08475] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_06230  Phosphoglycerate transport system transcriptional regulatory protein PgtA [KO:K08476]
ETAC_06245  transporter [KO:K11382]
ETAC_16120  C4-dicarboxylate transporter DctA [KO:K11103]
ETAC_02410  RNA polymerase factor sigma-54 [KO:K03092]
ETAC_03750  sensory histidine kinase GlrK [KO:K07711] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_03760  response regulator GlrR [KO:K07715]
ETAC_14435  hydrogenase 1 b-type cytochrome subunit [KO:K03620]
ETAC_06360  chemotaxis methyltransferase CheR [KO:K00575] [EC:2.1.1.80]
ETAC_07975  methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein [KO:K03406]
ETAC_16075  methyl-accepting chemotaxis sensory transducer [KO:K03406]
ETAC_06350  methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein I [KO:K05874]
ETAC_12130  methyl-accepting chemotaxis sensory transducer [KO:K05874]
ETAC_10830  Methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein I [KO:K05874]
ETAC_06355  Methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein IV [KO:K05877]
ETAC_06345  purine-binding chemotaxis protein [KO:K03408]
ETAC_06340  chemotaxis protein CheA [KO:K03407] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_06370  chemotaxis regulator transmitting signal to flagellar motor component [KO:K03413]
ETAC_06365  chemotaxis-specific protein-glutamate methyltransferase [KO:K03412] [EC:3.5.1.44 3.1.1.61]
ETAC_07520  Tetrathionate reductase sensory transduction histidine kinase [KO:K13040] [EC:2.7.13.3]
ETAC_07515  Tetrathionate reductase two-component response regulator [KO:K13041]
ETAC_07535  tetrathionate reductase subunit A [KO:K08357]
ETAC_07525  Tetrathionate reductase subunit B [KO:K08358]
ETAC_07530  tetrathionate reductase complex subunit C [KO:K08359]
ETAC_04250  two component system sensor kinase SsrA [KO:K14978]
ETAC_04255  two component system sensor kinase SsrB [KO:K14979]
ETAC_12660  Glutamate Aspartate transport ATP-binding protein GltL [KO:K10004] [EC:7.4.2.1]
ETAC_12655  glutamate/aspartate transport system permease GltK [KO:K10002]
ETAC_12650  glutamate/aspartate ABC transporter permease GltJ [KO:K10003]
ETAC_12645  Glutamate Aspartate periplasmic binding protein precursor GltI [KO:K10001]
ETAC_15735  DNA-binding transcriptional dual regulator Crp [KO:K10914]
ETAC_14410  cytochrome bd-II oxidase subunit 1 [KO:K00425] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_12400  cytochrome d terminal oxidase subunit 1 [KO:K00425] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_14405  Cytochrome d ubiquinol oxidase subunit II [KO:K00426] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_12395  Cytochrome d ubiquinol oxidase subunit II [KO:K00426] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_12390  hypothetical protein [KO:K00424] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_14400  hypothetical protein [KO:K22501] [EC:7.1.1.7]
ETAC_00800  tolC; outer membrane channel protein [KO:K12340]
ETAC_05815  Negative regulator of flagellin synthesis FlgM [KO:K02398]
Compound
C00007  Oxygen
C00009  Orthophosphate
C00025  L-Glutamate
C00031  D-Glucose
C00034  Manganese
C00036  Oxaloacetate
C00038  Zinc cation
C00042  Succinate
C00049  L-Aspartate
C00064  L-Glutamine
C00070  Copper
C00088  Nitrite
C00092  D-Glucose 6-phosphate
C00122  Fumarate
C00149  (S)-Malate
C00158  Citrate
C00164  Acetoacetate
C00238  Potassium cation
C00244  Nitrate
C00282  Hydrogen
C00291  Nickel
C00305  Magnesium cation
C00399  Ubiquinone
C00547  L-Noradrenaline
C00697  Nitrogen
C00788  L-Adrenaline
C00828  Menaquinone
C01019  6-Deoxy-L-galactose
C01104  Trimethylamine N-oxide
C01667  Bacitracin
C02084  Tetrathionate
C05757  (R)-3-Hydroxydodecanoyl-[acp]
C05818  2-Demethylmenaquinone
C06230  Fe-enterobactin
C06689  Vancomycin
C06696  Lead
C11612  Polymyxin B
C11842  N-(3-(S)-Hydroxybutyryl)homoserine lactone
C11849  3-Hydroxy-palmitic acid methyl ester
C12008  Ramoplanin A2
C13768  Colistin sulfate
C14819  Fe3+
C16421  AI-2
C16463  3',5'-Cyclic diGMP
C16640  CAI-1
C16665  12-Methyltetradecanoic acid
C18206  cis-11-Methyl-2-dodecenoic acid
C21220  AIP-1
C21221  CSP
C21241  AIP-2
C21242  AIP-3
C21243  AIP-4
C21245  AgrD1 peptide
D07746  Colistin (INN)
D08401  Polymyxin B (INN)
Reference
  Authors
Yamamoto K, Hirao K, Oshima T, Aiba H, Utsumi R, Ishihama A.
  Title
Functional characterization in vitro of all two-component signal transduction systems from Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 280:1448-56 (2005)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M410104200
Reference
  Authors
Abdel-Fattah WR, Chen Y, Eldakak A, Hulett FM.
  Title
Bacillus subtilis phosphorylated PhoP: direct activation of the E(sigma)A- and repression of the E(sigma)E-responsive phoB-PS+V promoters during pho response.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:5166-78 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.15.5166-5178.2005
Reference
  Authors
Navarre WW, Halsey TA, Walthers D, Frye J, McClelland M, Potter JL, Kenney LJ, Gunn JS, Fang FC, Libby SJ.
  Title
Co-regulation of Salmonella enterica genes required for virulence and resistance to antimicrobial peptides by SlyA and PhoP/PhoQ.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 56:492-508 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.04553.x
Reference
  Authors
Cai SJ, Inouye M.
  Title
EnvZ-OmpR interaction and osmoregulation in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 277:24155-61 (2002)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110715200
Reference
  Authors
Batchelor E, Walthers D, Kenney LJ, Goulian M.
  Title
The Escherichia coli CpxA-CpxR envelope stress response system regulates expression of the porins ompF and ompC.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:5723-31 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.16.5723-5731.2005
Reference
  Authors
Nagakubo S, Nishino K, Hirata T, Yamaguchi A.
  Title
The putative response regulator BaeR stimulates multidrug resistance of Escherichia coli via a novel multidrug exporter system, MdtABC.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 184:4161-7 (2002)
DOI:10.1128/JB.184.15.4161-4167.2002
Reference
  Authors
Hagiwara D, Yamashino T, Mizuno T.
  Title
A Genome-wide view of the Escherichia coli BasS-BasR two-component system implicated in iron-responses.
  Journal
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 68:1758-67 (2004)
DOI:10.1271/bbb.68.1758
Reference
  Authors
Munson GP, Lam DL, Outten FW, O'Halloran TV.
  Title
Identification of a copper-responsive two-component system on the chromosome of Escherichia coli K-12.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:5864-71 (2000)
DOI:10.1128/JB.182.20.5864-5871.2000
Reference
  Authors
Sperandio V, Torres AG, Kaper JB.
  Title
Quorum sensing Escherichia coli regulators B and C (QseBC): a novel two-component regulatory system involved in the regulation of flagella and motility by quorum sensing in E. coli.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 43:809-21 (2002)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2002.02803.x
Reference
  Authors
Epstein W.
  Title
The roles and regulation of potassium in bacteria.
  Journal
Prog Nucleic Acid Res Mol Biol 75:293-320 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0079-6603(03)75008-9
Reference
  Authors
Ansaldi M, Simon G, Lepelletier M, Mejean V.
  Title
The TorR high-affinity binding site plays a key role in both torR autoregulation and torCAD operon expression in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 182:961-6 (2000)
DOI:10.1128/JB.182.4.961-966.2000
Reference
  Authors
Malpica R, Franco B, Rodriguez C, Kwon O, Georgellis D.
  Title
Identification of a quinone-sensitive redox switch in the ArcB sensor kinase.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13318-23 (2004)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.0403064101
Reference
PMID:2666399
  Authors
Widenhorn KA, Somers JM, Kay WW.
  Title
Genetic regulation of the tricarboxylate transport operon (tctI) of Salmonella typhimurium.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 171:4436-41 (1989)
DOI:10.1128/JB.171.8.4436-4441.1989
Reference
  Authors
Hyyrylainen HL, Bolhuis A, Darmon E, Muukkonen L, Koski P, Vitikainen M, Sarvas M, Pragai Z, Bron S, van Dijl JM, Kontinen VP.
  Title
A novel two-component regulatory system in Bacillus subtilis for the survival of severe secretion stress.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 41:1159-72 (2001)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001.02576.x
Reference
  Authors
Zhang X, Hulett FM.
  Title
ResD signal transduction regulator of aerobic respiration in Bacillus subtilis: ctaA promoter regulation.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 37:1208-19 (2000)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2000.02076.x
Reference
  Authors
Senadheera MD, Guggenheim B, Spatafora GA, Huang YC, Choi J, Hung DC, Treglown JS, Goodman SD, Ellen RP, Cvitkovitch DG.
  Title
A VicRK signal transduction system in Streptococcus mutans affects gtfBCD, gbpB, and ftf expression, biofilm formation, and genetic competence development.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:4064-76 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.12.4064-4076.2005
Reference
  Authors
He H, Zahrt TC.
  Title
Identification and characterization of a regulatory sequence recognized by Mycobacterium tuberculosis persistence regulator MprA.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 187:202-12 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/JB.187.1.202-212.2005
Reference
  Authors
Hutchings MI
  Title
Unusual two-component signal transduction pathways in the actinobacteria.
  Journal
Adv Appl Microbiol 61:1-26 (2007)
DOI:10.1016/S0065-2164(06)61001-0
Reference
  Authors
Kramer R
  Title
Osmosensing and osmosignaling in Corynebacterium glutamicum.
  Journal
Amino Acids 37:487-97 (2009)
DOI:10.1007/s00726-009-0271-6
Reference
PMID:7751278
  Authors
Eraso JM, Kaplan S.
  Title
Oxygen-insensitive synthesis of the photosynthetic membranes of Rhodobacter sphaeroides: a mutant histidine kinase.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 177:2695-706 (1995)
DOI:10.1128/JB.177.10.2695-2706.1995
Reference
  Authors
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