KEGG   PATHWAY: hsa04666Help
Entry
hsa04666                    Pathway                                

Name
Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis - Homo sapiens (human)
Description
Phagocytosis plays an essential role in host-defense mechanisms through the uptake and destruction of infectious pathogens. Specialized cell types including macrophages, neutrophils, and monocytes take part in this process in higher organisms. After opsonization with antibodies (IgG), foreign extracellular materials are recognized by Fc gamma receptors. Cross-linking of Fc gamma receptors initiates a variety of signals mediated by tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins, which lead through the actin cytoskeleton rearrangements and membrane remodeling to the formation of phagosomes. Nascent phagosomes undergo a process of maturation that involves fusion with lysosomes. The acquisition of lysosomal proteases and release of reactive oxygen species are crucial for digestion of engulfed materials in phagosomes.
Class
Organismal Systems; Immune system
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
hsa04666  Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis
hsa04666

Ortholog table
Disease
H00098  Chronic granulomatous disease
H00698  Nemaline myopathy
H01240  Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)
H01387  Activated PI3K-delta syndrome (APDS)
Other DBs
BSID: 114228
GO: 0006909
Organism
Homo sapiens (human) [GN:hsa]
Gene
102723407  IGH; immunoglobulin heavy variable 4-38-2-like [KO:K06856]
2209  FCGR1A; Fc fragment of IgG receptor Ia [KO:K06498]
2212  FCGR2A; Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIa [KO:K06472]
5788  PTPRC; protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type C [KO:K06478] [EC:3.1.3.48]
3055  HCK; HCK proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase [KO:K08893] [EC:2.7.10.2]
4067  LYN; LYN proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase [KO:K05854] [EC:2.7.10.2]
6850  SYK; spleen associated tyrosine kinase [KO:K05855] [EC:2.7.10.2]
5290  PIK3CA; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha [KO:K00922] [EC:2.7.1.153]
5293  PIK3CD; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta [KO:K00922] [EC:2.7.1.153]
5291  PIK3CB; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta [KO:K00922] [EC:2.7.1.153]
5295  PIK3R1; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 [KO:K02649]
5296  PIK3R2; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 2 [KO:K02649]
8503  PIK3R3; phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 3 [KO:K02649]
207  AKT1; AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 [KO:K04456] [EC:2.7.11.1]
208  AKT2; AKT serine/threonine kinase 2 [KO:K04456] [EC:2.7.11.1]
10000  AKT3; AKT serine/threonine kinase 3 [KO:K04456] [EC:2.7.11.1]
6198  RPS6KB1; ribosomal protein S6 kinase B1 [KO:K04688] [EC:2.7.11.1]
6199  RPS6KB2; ribosomal protein S6 kinase B2 [KO:K04688] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5335  PLCG1; phospholipase C gamma 1 [KO:K01116] [EC:3.1.4.11]
5336  PLCG2; phospholipase C gamma 2 [KO:K05859] [EC:3.1.4.11]
5580  PRKCD; protein kinase C delta [KO:K06068] [EC:2.7.11.13]
5581  PRKCE; protein kinase C epsilon [KO:K18050] [EC:2.7.11.13]
5894  RAF1; Raf-1 proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase [KO:K04366] [EC:2.7.11.1]
5604  MAP2K1; mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 [KO:K04368] [EC:2.7.12.2]
5594  MAPK1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 [KO:K04371] [EC:2.7.11.24]
5595  MAPK3; mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 [KO:K04371] [EC:2.7.11.24]
4082  MARCKS; myristoylated alanine rich protein kinase C substrate [KO:K12561]
65108  MARCKSL1; MARCKS like 1 [KO:K13536]
5337  PLD1; phospholipase D1 [KO:K01115] [EC:3.1.4.4]
5338  PLD2; phospholipase D2 [KO:K01115] [EC:3.1.4.4]
8611  PLPP1; phospholipid phosphatase 1 [KO:K01080] [EC:3.1.3.4]
8613  PLPP3; phospholipid phosphatase 3 [KO:K01080] [EC:3.1.3.4]
8612  PLPP2; phospholipid phosphatase 2 [KO:K01080] [EC:3.1.3.4]
8877  SPHK1; sphingosine kinase 1 [KO:K04718] [EC:2.7.1.91]
56848  SPHK2; sphingosine kinase 2 [KO:K04718] [EC:2.7.1.91]
5578  PRKCA; protein kinase C alpha [KO:K02677] [EC:2.7.11.13]
5579  PRKCB; protein kinase C beta [KO:K19662] [EC:2.7.11.13]
5582  PRKCG; protein kinase C gamma [KO:K19663] [EC:2.7.11.13]
653361  NCF1; neutrophil cytosolic factor 1 [KO:K08011]
2934  GSN; gelsolin [KO:K05768]
85477  SCIN; scinderin [KO:K05768]
10451  VAV3; vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 3 [KO:K05730]
7409  VAV1; vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 [KO:K05730]
7410  VAV2; vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 [KO:K05730]
998  CDC42; cell division cycle 42 [KO:K04393]
7454  WAS; Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome [KO:K05747]
8976  WASL; Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome like [KO:K05747]
7408  VASP; vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein [KO:K06274]
10092  ARPC5; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 5 [KO:K05754]
81873  ARPC5L; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 5 like [KO:K05754]
10093  ARPC4; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 4 [KO:K05755]
10094  ARPC3; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 3 [KO:K05756]
10095  ARPC1B; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 1B [KO:K05757]
10552  ARPC1A; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 1A [KO:K05757]
10109  ARPC2; actin related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2 [KO:K05758]
5879  RAC1; Rac family small GTPase 1 [KO:K04392]
5880  RAC2; Rac family small GTPase 2 [KO:K07860]
8936  WASF1; WAS protein family member 1 [KO:K05753]
10163  WASF2; WAS protein family member 2 [KO:K05748]
10810  WASF3; WAS protein family member 3 [KO:K06083]
5058  PAK1; p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 1 [KO:K04409] [EC:2.7.11.1]
3984  LIMK1; LIM domain kinase 1 [KO:K05743] [EC:2.7.11.1]
3985  LIMK2; LIM domain kinase 2 [KO:K05744] [EC:2.7.11.1]
1072  CFL1; cofilin 1 [KO:K05765]
1073  CFL2; cofilin 2 [KO:K05765]
23396  PIP5K1C; phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase type 1 gamma [KO:K00889] [EC:2.7.1.68]
8394  PIP5K1A; phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase type 1 alpha [KO:K00889] [EC:2.7.1.68]
8395  PIP5K1B; phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase type 1 beta [KO:K00889] [EC:2.7.1.68]
382  ARF6; ADP ribosylation factor 6 [KO:K07941]
1398  CRK; CRK proto-oncogene, adaptor protein [KO:K04438]
1399  CRKL; CRK like proto-oncogene, adaptor protein [KO:K04438]
1794  DOCK2; dedicator of cytokinesis 2 [KO:K12367]
50807  ASAP1; ArfGAP with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 1 [KO:K12488]
55616  ASAP3; ArfGAP with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 3 [KO:K12488]
8853  ASAP2; ArfGAP with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 2 [KO:K12488]
2213  FCGR2B; Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIb [KO:K12560]
3635  INPP5D; inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase D [KO:K03084] [EC:3.1.3.86]
3636  INPPL1; inositol polyphosphate phosphatase like 1 [KO:K15909] [EC:3.1.3.86]
9846  GAB2; GRB2 associated binding protein 2 [KO:K08091]
27040  LAT; linker for activation of T cells [KO:K07362]
273  AMPH; amphiphysin [KO:K12562]
274  BIN1; bridging integrator 1 [KO:K12562]
4651  MYO10; myosin X [KO:K12559]
100137049  PLA2G4B; phospholipase A2 group IVB [KO:K16342] [EC:3.1.1.4]
123745  PLA2G4E; phospholipase A2 group IVE [KO:K16342] [EC:3.1.1.4]
1785  DNM2; dynamin 2 [KO:K01528] [EC:3.6.5.5]
2214  FCGR3A; Fc fragment of IgG receptor IIIa [KO:K06463]
255189  PLA2G4F; phospholipase A2 group IVF [KO:K16342] [EC:3.1.1.4]
283748  PLA2G4D; phospholipase A2 group IVD [KO:K16342] [EC:3.1.1.4]
5321  PLA2G4A; phospholipase A2 group IVA [KO:K16342] [EC:3.1.1.4]
8398  PLA2G6; phospholipase A2 group VI [KO:K16343] [EC:3.1.1.4]
Compound
C00076  Calcium cation
C00165  Diacylglycerol
C00219  Arachidonate
C00416  Phosphatidate
C01245  D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
C04637  1-Phosphatidyl-D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate
C05981  Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate
C06124  Sphingosine 1-phosphate
Reference
  Authors
Garcia-Garcia E, Rosales C
  Title
Signal transduction during Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Leukoc Biol 72:1092-108 (2002)
Reference
  Authors
Cox D, Greenberg S
  Title
Phagocytic signaling strategies: Fc(gamma)receptor-mediated phagocytosis as a model system.
  Journal
Semin Immunol 13:339-45 (2001)
DOI:10.1006/smim.2001.0330
Reference
  Authors
Swanson JA, Hoppe AD
  Title
The coordination of signaling during Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Leukoc Biol 76:1093-103 (2004)
DOI:10.1189/jlb.0804439
Reference
  Authors
Ravetch JV, Bolland S
  Title
IgG Fc receptors.
  Journal
Annu Rev Immunol 19:275-90 (2001)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.immunol.19.1.275
Reference
  Authors
Groves E, Dart AE, Covarelli V, Caron E
  Title
Molecular mechanisms of phagocytic uptake in mammalian cells.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 65:1957-76 (2008)
DOI:10.1007/s00018-008-7578-4
Reference
  Authors
Kwiatkowska K, Sobota A
  Title
Signaling pathways in phagocytosis.
  Journal
Reference
  Authors
Greenberg S
  Title
Modular components of phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Leukoc Biol 66:712-7 (1999)
Reference
  Authors
Lennartz MR
  Title
Phospholipases and phagocytosis: the role of phospholipid-derived second messengers in phagocytosis.
  Journal
Int J Biochem Cell Biol 31:415-30 (1999)
DOI:10.1016/S1357-2725(98)00108-3
Reference
  Authors
May RC, Machesky LM
  Title
Phagocytosis and the actin cytoskeleton.
  Journal
J Cell Sci 114:1061-77 (2001)
Reference
  Authors
Joshi T, Butchar JP, Tridandapani S
  Title
Fcgamma receptor signaling in phagocytes.
  Journal
Int J Hematol 84:210-6 (2006)
DOI:10.1532/IJH97.06140
Reference
  Authors
Lee WL, Cosio G, Ireton K, Grinstein S
  Title
Role of CrkII in Fcgamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 282:11135-43 (2007)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M700823200
Reference
  Authors
Uchida H, Kondo A, Yoshimura Y, Mazaki Y, Sabe H
  Title
PAG3/Papalpha/KIAA0400, a GTPase-activating protein for ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF), regulates ARF6 in Fcgamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis of macrophages.
  Journal
J Exp Med 193:955-66 (2001)
DOI:10.1084/jem.193.8.955
Reference
  Authors
Ganesan LP, Wei G, Pengal RA, Moldovan L, Moldovan N, Ostrowski MC, Tridandapani S
  Title
The serine/threonine kinase Akt Promotes Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis in murine macrophages through the activation of p70S6 kinase.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 279:54416-25 (2004)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M408188200
Reference
PMID:9545263
  Authors
Melendez A, Floto RA, Gillooly DJ, Harnett MM, Allen JM
  Title
FcgammaRI coupling to phospholipase D initiates sphingosine kinase-mediated calcium mobilization and vesicular trafficking.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 273:9393-402 (1998)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.273.16.9393
Reference
  Authors
Gu H, Botelho RJ, Yu M, Grinstein S, Neel BG
  Title
Critical role for scaffolding adapter Gab2 in Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Cell Biol 161:1151-61 (2003)
DOI:10.1083/jcb.200212158
Reference
PMID:9417101
  Authors
Dana R, Leto TL, Malech HL, Levy R
  Title
Essential requirement of cytosolic phospholipase A2 for activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 273:441-5 (1998)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.273.1.441
Reference
  Authors
Gold ES, Underhill DM, Morrissette NS, Guo J, McNiven MA, Aderem A
  Title
Dynamin 2 is required for phagocytosis in macrophages.
  Journal
J Exp Med 190:1849-56 (1999)
DOI:10.1084/jem.190.12.1849
Reference
  Authors
Gold ES, Morrissette NS, Underhill DM, Guo J, Bassetti M, Aderem A
  Title
Amphiphysin IIm, a novel amphiphysin II isoform, is required for macrophage phagocytosis.
  Journal
Immunity 12:285-92 (2000)
DOI:10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80181-8
Reference
  Authors
Raeder EM, Mansfield PJ, Hinkovska-Galcheva V, Shayman JA, Boxer LA
  Title
Syk activation initiates downstream signaling events during human polymorphonuclear leukocyte phagocytosis.
  Journal
J Immunol 163:6785-93 (1999)
Reference
PMID:9581795
  Authors
Sanchez-Mejorada G, Rosales C
  Title
Signal transduction by immunoglobulin Fc receptors.
  Journal
J Leukoc Biol 63:521-33 (1998)
Reference
  Authors
Rosales C (ed).
  Title
Molecular Mechanisms of Phagocytosis
  Journal
Springer (2005)
KO pathway
ko04666   

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