KEGG   PATHWAY: ssia03450
Entry
ssia03450                   Pathway                                

Name
Non-homologous end-joining - Streptomyces alfalfae
Description
Nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) eliminates DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by direct ligation. NHEJ involves binding of the KU heterodimer to double-stranded DNA ends, recruitment of DNA-PKcs (MRX complex in yeast), processing of ends, and recruitment of the DNA ligase IV (LIG4)-XRCC4 complex, which brings about ligation. A recent study shows that bacteria accomplish NHEJ using just two proteins (Ku and DNA ligase), whereas eukaryotes require many factors. NHEJ repairs DSBs at all stages of the cell cycle, bringing about the ligation of two DNA DSBs without the need for sequence homology, and so is error-prone.
Class
Genetic Information Processing; Replication and repair
Pathway map
ssia03450  Non-homologous end-joining
ssia03450

Other DBs
GO: 0006303
Organism
Streptomyces alfalfae [GN:ssia]
Gene
A7J05_04485  Ku protein [KO:K10979]
A7J05_12160  Ku protein [KO:K10979]
A7J05_32930  Ku protein [KO:K10979]
A7J05_12165  ATP-dependent DNA ligase [KO:K01971] [EC:6.5.1.1]
A7J05_06180  ATP-dependent DNA ligase [KO:K01971] [EC:6.5.1.1]
Reference
  Authors
Gennery AR.
  Title
Primary immunodeficiency syndromes associated with defective DNA double-strand break repair.
  Journal
Br Med Bull 77-78:71-85 (2006)
DOI:10.1093/bmb/ldl006
Reference
  Authors
Zhang Y, Hefferin ML, Chen L, Shim EY, Tseng HM, Kwon Y, Sung P, Lee SE, Tomkinson AE.
  Title
Role of Dnl4-Lif1 in nonhomologous end-joining repair complex assembly and suppression of homologous recombination.
  Journal
Nat Struct Mol Biol 14:639-46 (2007)
DOI:10.1038/nsmb1261
Reference
  Authors
Wyman C, Kanaar R.
  Title
DNA double-strand break repair: all's well that ends well.
  Journal
Annu Rev Genet 40:363-83 (2006)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.genet.40.110405.090451
Reference
  Authors
Weller GR, Brandt VL, Roth DB.
  Title
Doing more with less in bacterial DNA repair.
  Journal
Nat Struct Mol Biol 11:1158-9 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/nsmb1204-1158
Reference
  Authors
Weller GR, Kysela B, Roy R, Tonkin LM, Scanlan E, Della M, Devine SK, Day JP, Wilkinson A, d'Adda di Fagagna F, Devine KM, Bowater RP, Jeggo PA, Jackson SP, Doherty AJ.
  Title
Identification of a DNA nonhomologous end-joining complex in bacteria.
  Journal
Science 297:1686-9 (2002)
DOI:10.1126/science.1074584
Reference
  Authors
Pitcher RS, Brissett NC, Doherty AJ.
  Title
Nonhomologous end-joining in bacteria: a microbial perspective.
  Journal
Annu Rev Microbiol 61:259-82 (2007)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.micro.61.080706.093354
KO pathway
ko03450   

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