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Database: UniProt
Entry: A0A1L9VQ85_ASPGL
LinkDB: A0A1L9VQ85_ASPGL
Original site: A0A1L9VQ85_ASPGL 
ID   A0A1L9VQ85_ASPGL        Unreviewed;       334 AA.
AC   A0A1L9VQ85;
DT   15-MAR-2017, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL.
DT   15-MAR-2017, sequence version 1.
DT   03-JUL-2019, entry version 10.
DE   RecName: Full=Thiamine thiazole synthase {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
DE   AltName: Full=Thiazole biosynthetic enzyme {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
DE            EC=2.4.2.60 {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
GN   ORFNames=ASPGLDRAFT_1316935 {ECO:0000313|EMBL:OJJ86088.1};
OS   Aspergillus glaucus CBS 516.65.
OC   Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; Eurotiomycetes;
OC   Eurotiomycetidae; Eurotiales; Aspergillaceae; Aspergillus.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=1160497 {ECO:0000313|EMBL:OJJ86088.1, ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000184300};
RN   [1] {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000184300}
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
RC   STRAIN=CBS 516.65 {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000184300};
RX   PubMed=28196534; DOI=10.1186/s13059-017-1151-0;
RA   de Vries R.P., Riley R., Wiebenga A., Aguilar-Osorio G., Amillis S.,
RA   Uchima C.A., Anderluh G., Asadollahi M., Askin M., Barry K.,
RA   Battaglia E., Bayram O., Benocci T., Braus-Stromeyer S.A., Caldana C.,
RA   Canovas D., Cerqueira G.C., Chen F., Chen W., Choi C., Clum A.,
RA   Dos Santos R.A., Damasio A.R., Diallinas G., Emri T., Fekete E.,
RA   Flipphi M., Freyberg S., Gallo A., Gournas C., Habgood R., Hainaut M.,
RA   Harispe M.L., Henrissat B., Hilden K.S., Hope R., Hossain A.,
RA   Karabika E., Karaffa L., Karanyi Z., Krasevec N., Kuo A., Kusch H.,
RA   LaButti K., Lagendijk E.L., Lapidus A., Levasseur A., Lindquist E.,
RA   Lipzen A., Logrieco A.F., MacCabe A., Maekelae M.R., Malavazi I.,
RA   Melin P., Meyer V., Mielnichuk N., Miskei M., Molnar A.P., Mule G.,
RA   Ngan C.Y., Orejas M., Orosz E., Ouedraogo J.P., Overkamp K.M.,
RA   Park H.-S., Perrone G., Piumi F., Punt P.J., Ram A.F., Ramon A.,
RA   Rauscher S., Record E., Riano-Pachon D.M., Robert V., Roehrig J.,
RA   Ruller R., Salamov A., Salih N.S., Samson R.A., Sandor E.,
RA   Sanguinetti M., Schuetze T., Sepcic K., Shelest E., Sherlock G.,
RA   Sophianopoulou V., Squina F.M., Sun H., Susca A., Todd R.B., Tsang A.,
RA   Unkles S.E., van de Wiele N., van Rossen-Uffink D., Oliveira J.V.,
RA   Vesth T.C., Visser J., Yu J.-H., Zhou M., Andersen M.R., Archer D.B.,
RA   Baker S.E., Benoit I., Brakhage A.A., Braus G.H., Fischer R.,
RA   Frisvad J.C., Goldman G.H., Houbraken J., Oakley B., Pocsi I.,
RA   Scazzocchio C., Seiboth B., vanKuyk P.A., Wortman J., Dyer P.S.,
RA   Grigoriev I.V.;
RT   "Comparative genomics reveals high biological diversity and specific
RT   adaptations in the industrially and medically important fungal genus
RT   Aspergillus.";
RL   Genome Biol. 18:RESEARCH28.1-RESEARCH28.45(2017).
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Involved in biosynthesis of the thiamine precursor
CC       thiazole. Catalyzes the conversion of NAD and glycine to adenosine
CC       diphosphate 5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazole-2-carboxylic acid
CC       (ADT), an adenylated thiazole intermediate. The reaction includes
CC       an iron-dependent sulfide transfer from a conserved cysteine
CC       residue of the protein to a thiazole intermediate. The enzyme can
CC       only undergo a single turnover, which suggests it is a suicide
CC       enzyme. May have additional roles in adaptation to various stress
CC       conditions and in DNA damage tolerance. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_03158}.
CC   -!- CATALYTIC ACTIVITY:
CC       Reaction=[ADP-thiazole synthase]-L-cysteine + glycine + NAD(+) =
CC         [ADP-thiazole synthase]-dehydroalanine + ADP-5-ethyl-4-
CC         methylthiazole-2-carboxylate + 2 H(+) + 3 H2O + nicotinamide;
CC         Xref=Rhea:RHEA:55708, Rhea:RHEA-COMP:14264, Rhea:RHEA-
CC         COMP:14265, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:15378,
CC         ChEBI:CHEBI:17154, ChEBI:CHEBI:29950, ChEBI:CHEBI:57305,
CC         ChEBI:CHEBI:57540, ChEBI:CHEBI:90873, ChEBI:CHEBI:139151;
CC         EC=2.4.2.60; Evidence={ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
CC   -!- COFACTOR:
CC       Name=Fe cation; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:24875;
CC         Evidence={ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
CC       Note=Binds 1 Fe cation per subunit. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_03158};
CC   -!- SUBUNIT: Homooctamer. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
CC   -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
CC       Nucleus {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
CC   -!- PTM: During the catalytic reaction, a sulfide is transferred from
CC       Cys-223 to a reaction intermediate, generating a dehydroalanine
CC       residue. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the THI4 family. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
CC       Rule:MF_03158}.
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DR   EMBL; KV878893; OJJ86088.1; -; Genomic_DNA.
DR   EnsemblFungi; OJJ86088; OJJ86088; ASPGLDRAFT_1316935.
DR   OrthoDB; 1111148at2759; -.
DR   Proteomes; UP000184300; Unassembled WGS sequence.
DR   GO; GO:0005829; C:cytosol; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0005634; C:nucleus; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
DR   GO; GO:0005506; F:iron ion binding; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0016763; F:transferase activity, transferring pentosyl groups; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0009228; P:thiamine biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   GO; GO:0052837; P:thiazole biosynthetic process; IEA:UniProtKB-UniRule.
DR   Gene3D; 3.50.50.60; -; 1.
DR   HAMAP; MF_03158; THI4; 1.
DR   InterPro; IPR036188; FAD/NAD-bd_sf.
DR   InterPro; IPR027495; Sti35.
DR   InterPro; IPR002922; Thi4_fam.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF51905; SSF51905; 1.
DR   TIGRFAMs; TIGR00292; TIGR00292; 1.
PE   3: Inferred from homology;
KW   Complete proteome {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000184300};
KW   Cytoplasm {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   Iron {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   Metal-binding {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   NAD {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   Nucleus {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   Reference proteome {ECO:0000313|Proteomes:UP000184300};
KW   Thiamine biosynthesis {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158};
KW   Transferase {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   REGION      110    111       Substrate binding. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
FT                                Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   REGION      302    304       Substrate binding. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-
FT                                Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING      89     89       Substrate; via amide nitrogen.
FT                                {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING     118    118       Substrate; via amide nitrogen.
FT                                {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING     186    186       Substrate; via amide nitrogen and
FT                                carbonyl oxygen. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:
FT                                MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING     225    225       Substrate. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:
FT                                MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING     240    240       Substrate. {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:
FT                                MF_03158}.
FT   BINDING     292    292       Substrate; via amide nitrogen.
FT                                {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
FT   MOD_RES     223    223       2,3-didehydroalanine (Cys).
FT                                {ECO:0000256|HAMAP-Rule:MF_03158}.
SQ   SEQUENCE   334 AA;  35860 MW;  2F0D70A865275F7E CRC64;
     MTPPAALFDT VAPTTTIKGK VVAPEVAKTT LTGGESQTKL LDQFGGKWDE FKFAPIRESQ
     VSRAMTRRYF QDLDKYAETD ILIVGAGSCG LSTAYVLAKA RPDLKIAIVE ASVSPGGGAW
     LGGQLFSAMV MRRPANIFLE ELGVPYETDP ENPNYVVVKH ASLFTSTLLS KVLSFPNVKL
     FNATSVEDLI TRPAASGNPK ETRIAGAVTN WTLVTLHHDD HSCMDPNTIN APVIISTTGH
     DGPFGAFCAK RLVSMNSVDK LGGMRGLDMN SAEDAIVKNT REVAKGLIIG GMELSEIDGF
     NRMGPTFGAM VLSGVKAAEE ALSIFDERQR ECAE
//
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