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Database: UniProt
Entry: NEF_HV2UC
LinkDB: NEF_HV2UC
Original site: NEF_HV2UC 
ID   NEF_HV2UC               Reviewed;         225 AA.
AC   Q76639;
DT   27-JUN-2006, integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
DT   23-JAN-2007, sequence version 3.
DT   22-APR-2020, entry version 87.
DE   RecName: Full=Protein Nef;
DE   AltName: Full=3'ORF;
DE   AltName: Full=Negative factor;
DE            Short=F-protein;
GN   Name=nef;
OS   Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 subtype B (isolate UC1) (HIV-2).
OC   Viruses; Ortervirales; Retroviridae; Orthoretrovirinae; Lentivirus.
OX   NCBI_TaxID=388822;
OH   NCBI_TaxID=9606; Homo sapiens (Human).
RN   [1]
RP   NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC RNA].
RX   PubMed=8419635;
RA   Barnett S.W., Quiroga M., Werner A., Dina D., Levy J.A.;
RT   "Distinguishing features of an infectious molecular clone of the highly
RT   divergent and noncytopathic human immunodeficiency virus type 2 UC1
RT   strain.";
RL   J. Virol. 67:1006-1014(1993).
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Factor of infectivity and pathogenicity, required for optimal
CC       virus replication. Alters numerous pathways of T-lymphocytes function
CC       and down-regulates immunity surface molecules in order to evade host
CC       defense and increase viral infectivity. Alters the functionality of
CC       other immunity cells, like dendritic cells, monocytes/macrophages and
CC       NK cells. One of the earliest and most abundantly expressed viral
CC       proteins (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- FUNCTION: In infected CD4(+) T-lymphocytes, down-regulates cell surface
CC       expression of CD4, CD28, CD3, and MHC-I or MHC-II molecules.
CC       {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Interferes with TCR signaling from the cell membrane.
CC       Interacts with CD247/TCRZ (TCR zeta chain) and exert potent down-
CC       regulation of cell surface TCR/CD3 complexes (By similarity).
CC       {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Plays a role in optimizing the host cell environment for
CC       viral replication without causing cell death by apoptosis. Protects the
CC       infected cells from apoptosis in order to keep them alive until the
CC       next virus generation is ready to strike (By similarity).
CC       {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- FUNCTION: Extracellular Nef protein targets CD4(+) T-lymphocytes for
CC       apoptosis by interacting with CXCR4 surface receptors. {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- SUBUNIT: Homodimer. Interacts with host CD247/TCRZ; this interaction
CC       induces down-regulation of cell surface TCR/CD3 complexes.
CC       {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Host cell membrane {ECO:0000250}; Lipid-anchor
CC       {ECO:0000250}; Cytoplasmic side {ECO:0000250}. Note=Associates with the
CC       inner plasma membrane through its N-terminal domain. {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- DOMAIN: The N-terminal domain is composed of the N-myristoyl glycine
CC       and of a cluster of positively charged amino acids. It is required for
CC       inner plasma membrane targeting of Nef and virion incorporation, and
CC       thereby for infectivity (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.
CC   -!- MISCELLANEOUS: This isolate is from a Gambian case of 'neuro-AIDS'.
CC   -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the lentivirus primate group Nef protein family.
CC       {ECO:0000305}.
DR   EMBL; L07625; AAA43947.1; -; Genomic_RNA.
DR   SMR; Q76639; -.
DR   PRIDE; Q76639; -.
DR   Proteomes; UP000007428; Genome.
DR   GO; GO:0020002; C:host cell plasma membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-SubCell.
DR   GO; GO:0016020; C:membrane; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
DR   GO; GO:0005525; F:GTP binding; IEA:InterPro.
DR   GO; GO:0030683; P:mitigation of host immune response by virus; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
DR   GO; GO:0009405; P:pathogenesis; IEA:UniProtKB-KW.
DR   Gene3D; 3.30.62.10; -; 1.
DR   InterPro; IPR027481; HIV-1_Nef_core_sf.
DR   InterPro; IPR001558; HIV_Nef.
DR   Pfam; PF00469; F-protein; 1.
DR   SUPFAM; SSF55671; SSF55671; 1.
PE   3: Inferred from homology;
KW   AIDS; Host cell membrane; Host membrane; Host-virus interaction;
KW   Lipoprotein; Membrane; Myristate; Viral immunoevasion; Virulence.
FT   INIT_MET        1
FT                   /note="Removed; by host"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000250"
FT   CHAIN           2..225
FT                   /note="Protein Nef"
FT                   /id="PRO_0000244818"
FT   REGION          70..77
FT                   /note="Acidic"
FT   REGION          122..138
FT                   /note="Mediates dimerization"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000250"
FT   MOTIF           86..89
FT                   /note="PxxP"
FT   LIPID           2
FT                   /note="N-myristoyl glycine; by host"
FT                   /evidence="ECO:0000250"
SQ   SEQUENCE   225 AA;  25680 MW;  51CE1EA983771458 CRC64;
     MGSAGSKKQS KQQRGLRERL LRTQEEPYGK LSEGQRKQSS RSPGGSDKDL NSPSCEGRNA
     PRAEGGGQQD TDDSDEDNEV GVYVRPNRPL RSMTYKMAID MSHFIKEKGG LEGIYYSERR
     HRILDTYLEN EEGIVSGWQN YTYGPGIRYP RTFGWLWKLV PVDIPEEERG AETSCLVHPA
     QISSWDDIHG ETLAWRFDPL LAHDYVAFNR YPEEFGYQSG LPEKE
//
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