KEGG   ENZYME: 1.14.15.24
Entry
EC 1.14.15.24               Enzyme                                 
Name
beta-carotene 3-hydroxylase;
beta-carotene 3,3'-monooxygenase;
CrtZ
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen;
With reduced iron-sulfur protein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen into the other donor
Sysname
beta-carotene,reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster:oxygen 3-oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
beta-carotene + 4 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H+ + 2 O2 = zeaxanthin + 4 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O (overall reaction) [RN:R09747];
(1a) beta-carotene + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ + O2 = beta-cryptoxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O [RN:R07558];
(1b) beta-cryptoxanthin + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ + O2 = zeaxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O [RN:R07559]
Reaction(KEGG)
Substrate
beta-carotene [CPD:C02094];
reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster [CPD:C00138];
H+ [CPD:C00080];
O2 [CPD:C00007];
beta-cryptoxanthin [CPD:C08591]
Product
zeaxanthin [CPD:C06098];
oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster [CPD:C00139];
H2O [CPD:C00001];
beta-cryptoxanthin [CPD:C08591]
Comment
Requires ferredoxin and Fe(II). Also acts on other carotenoids with a beta-end group. In some species canthaxanthin is the preferred substrate.
History
EC 1.14.15.24 created 2011 as EC 1.14.13.129, transferred 2017 to EC 1.14.15.24
Pathway
ec00906  Carotenoid biosynthesis
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
ec01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K15746  beta-carotene 3-hydroxylase
K22492  beta-carotene 3-hydroxylase
K23037  beta-carotene 4-ketolase/3-hydroxylase
Genes
ATHAT4G25700(BETA-OHASE_1) AT5G52570(BETA-OHASE_2)
ALY9300260 9303669
CRB17875800 17877995
CSAT104717685 104722390 104725769 104727661 104730850 104761269
EUSEUTSA_v10014816mg EUTSA_v10025794mg
BRP103844746 103861586(BCH) 103863442
BNA106347114 106405085 106406976 106421444 106421466 106442750 106442837 106442847
BOE106302033 106316293 106323808 106324977
RSZ108829383 108829758 108833660 108849036
THJ104800269 104811957
CPAP110810314
CIT102578021 102617763
CICCICLE_v10005481mg CICLE_v10022121mg
PVY116107134
MINC123197303 123210814 123224817
TCC18605629 18606579
GRA105765256 105765515 105800132
GHI107890752 107930284 107947054 107947686 107948080 121211198
GAB108476837 108477313
DZI111280864 111287079 111289844 111316378
EGR104426981 104441723
GMX100785541(BCH2) 100802778(BCH4) 100813368(BCH5) 547758(BCH3)
GSJ114366981 114370081 114389167 114401551
PVUPHAVU_004G108900g PHAVU_007G074200g
VRA106763718 106770994
VAR108325028 108344804
VUN114180998 114189940
CCAJ109789930 109803178 109803642
APRC113867250 113872335
MTRMTR_1g100070 MTR_6g048440
CAM101509699 101511972
LJALj0g3v0299729.1(Lj0g3v0299729.1) Lj2g3v1902110.1(Lj2g3v1902110.1) Lj5g3v1988680.1(Lj5g3v1988680.1)
ADU107491106
AIP107644881
AHF112751851 112802913 112803001
LANG109346786 109352248 109354081
FVE101291246 101308227
RCN112180520 112195185
PPER18777389 18787302
PMUM103328353 103333723 103337559
PAVI110762514 110767732
PDUL117619478 117627907
MDM103406562 103439793 114825667
PXB103953392 103958212 103964324 103966138 103966173
ZJU107414761 107430190
MNT21383781 21397383 21406978
CSV101212140 101214325
CMO103482780 103484113(CHXB)
BHJ120069730 120092958
MCHA111011750 111025906
CMAX111467695 111469080 111482629
CMOS111430578 111435746 111449265
CPEP111801653 111808948 111809669
RCU8277101 8287423
JCU105645763 105648419
HBR110643463 110656052 110658181
MESC110608652 110616623 110631003
POP18106473 7468341 7479294
PEU105129097 105133177 105140749
PALZ118030260 118037119
JRE108982686 109004504 109014502
QSU112011901 112027157
QLO115960910 115971862 115972059 115973379
TWL119983767 119985905
VVI100232875(BCH1) 100268009
VRI117927782 117932868
SLY544133(CrtR-b1) 544297(CrtR-b2)
SPEN107012889 107023761
SOT102580250 102582135 102591473(CHY2)
CANN107863219 107873401
NTA107789701 107809222(CrtR-b1) 107822278(BCH2)
NSY104217920 104229839 104235870
NTO104084745 104089002
NAU109212761 109226400 109227191
INI109189248(CHYB)
ITR116021238
SIND105160437 105166704
OEU111391826 111391835 111393339
EGT105971900 105977848
SSPL121783762 121797398 121797620 121805598 121808548
HAN110912807
ECAD122587205
LSV111918038
CCAV112509279
DCR108214828 108217689 108224246
CSIN114310406
BVG104888376
SOE110776110 110784117 110794474
CQI110693868 110729592
NNU104595976
MING122057800 122075784
TSS122665121 122667540
PSOM113274613 113304779
NCOL116248927 116252106
OSA4331460 4336753 4349224
DOSAOs03t0125100-01(Os03g0125100) Os04t0578400-01(Os04g0578400) Os10t0533500-00(Os10g0533500)
OBR102701304 102710199 102719474
BDI100836591 100837035
ATS109759864 109783558
TDC119291805 119303955 119355991 119365127
TAES100415846 123046235 123054106 123089378 123108286 123189994
SBI8060428 8085716
ZMA100273156 100281693 103631225 732775 732825
SITA101757118 101770294
SVS117836060 117862782
PVIR120641532 120647483 120683322 120690205
PHAI112875902 112898761
PDA103718481 120107187
EGU105043314 105054212
MUS103970270 103972048 103993184
DCT110104474 110111186
PEQ110028272 110031950 110034260
AOF109837875
ATR18424424 18445852
SMOSELMODRAFT_121550 SELMODRAFT_122500 SELMODRAFT_125253 SELMODRAFT_126723 SELMODRAFT_131603 SELMODRAFT_14977
PPP112273933 112295550 112295981
CRECHLRE_04g215050v5
VCNVOLCADRAFT_68369(chyB)
MNGMNEG_1351
CSLCOCSUDRAFT_30875
CVRCHLNCDRAFT_24463
APROF751_1825
OLUOSTLU_9013
OTAOT_ostta10g01980
BPGBathy11g02040
MISMICPUN_76186
MPPMICPUCDRAFT_38006(CRTR)
TPSTHAPSDRAFT_263437
ESAESA_00341
CSZCSSP291_01535
CSJCSK29544_01596
CMJAFK66_020755
CMWAFK63_01860
KCOBWI95_14440
KOTEH164_13615
LAXAPT61_15365
LEIC2U54_12130
LEHC3F35_04345
LEEDVA44_16435
LERGNG29_07335
LEAGNG26_06960
LPNUKQ929_13910
AHNNCTC12129_03061
PSTSE05_04180(crtZ)
EGEEM595_0216(crtZ)
PAMPANA_4163(crtZ)
PLFPANA5342_p10304(crtZ)
PAJPAJ_p0121(crtZ)
PAQPAGR_p229
PVAPvag_pPag30170(crtZ)
PAGGAL522_02535
PAOPat9b_5262
PANTPSNIH1_p01420
PANPPSNIH2_15460
PAGCBEE12_19665
PSTWDSJ_25955
PALHB1H58_04560
PANSFCN45_21410
PEYEE896_20440
PDISD8B20_19325
PERLAC65_17640
PGZC2E15_03100
PCDC2E16_03205
MINTC7M51_04211
MTHIC7M52_02846
LUMCNR27_10970
PPUPP_3246(crtZ)
PPFPput_2516
PPGPputGB1_2647
PPWPputW619_2665
PPTPPS_2732
PPBPPUBIRD1_2531(crtZ)
PPIYSA_10718
PPXT1E_5632(crtZ)
PPUHB479_13325
PPUTL483_17455
PPUNPP4_25760(crtZ)
PPUDDW66_2991
PFVPsefu_2398
PMONX969_13000
PMOTX970_12645
PMOSO165_011030
PPJRK21_01946
PORAPT59_08100
PMOLCLJ08_26110
PVDCFBP1590__2677(crtZ)
PCABJGS08_13495
PENPSEEN3115(crtZ)
PSAPST_3871(crtZ)
PSZPSTAB_3822(crtZ)
PSRPSTAA_3964(crtZ)
PSCA458_02110
PSHPsest_0406
PSTUUIB01_01900
PSTTCH92_19200
PCHLLLJ08_02070
PLULFOB45_11875
PSVPVLB_12475
PALKPSAKL28_26460
PSWLK03_17170 LK03_17805
PPVNJ69_06670 NJ69_07695
PSECCCOS191_2477
PPSLBJP27_22980
PSEDDM292_21290
PGGFX982_03315 FX982_04448
PEZHWQ56_13010
PDWBV82_2968
PVWHU752_006195
PXAKSS93_17300
PXNHU772_012260
PPRGHU725_011290
PNNKEM63_01770
PANHHU763_012410
PFAKKSS94_12930
PMUYKSS95_15565
PMAMKSS90_12045
PORYEJA05_13060
PTKEXN22_14250
PWYHU734_013420
ACXAchr_15260(crtZ)
HMIsoil367_17410
HSRHSBAA_53320
HSVHNO53_17320
HAAA5892_12635
KUSB9G99_09590
KMAB9H00_05255
KUYFY550_13715
PAURFGL86_00525
AANTHUK68_21180
RTARta_07680
MELMC7H73_12410
MASZC9I28_27245
MTIMDIR46_08625
MASYDPH57_22015
MALIEYF70_25710
MUMFCL38_23630
MFLAGO485_19140
MPLIE1742_17820
AVMJQX13_51565
SCLsce0583(crtZ)
SCUSCE1572_04045
CCROCMC5_014450
PAUUE8A73_015965
NEOCYG48_21975
XAUXaut_4535
XDIEZH22_22050
RVARvan_0152
AUAM673_17280
AALAIGS74_06960
AALMLUX29_07840
AUBLXB15_16100
ACUTMRB58_16340
CAKCaul_1710
CHQAQ619_10260
CMBCSW64_08125
CFHC1707_13875
BSBBresu_2276
BRDJL11_05925
BRGA4249_04410
BRLBZG35_08085
BVCCEP68_00720
BRFE4M01_08520
BREVE7T10_10665
BGOEIFJ75_10140
PYEA6J80_22055
PARREOJ32_07410
PLIAE4191_05655
PMAUCP157_02150
FAPGR316_05855
NARSaro_1168
NPPPP1Y_AT11105
NPNJI59_06385
NREBES08_17600
NOVTQ38_004250
NOTC7W88_09990
NORFA702_13165
NGFFRF71_09840
NOGGKE62_13480
NDRHT578_10750
SALSala_2128
SPHKSKP52_17370
SPHPLH20_13675
SMAGAN936_16185
SMAZLH19_01990
STERAOA14_05275
SPHQBWQ93_12490
SPHXE5675_02490
SPHUSPPYR_3342(crtZ)
STAXMC45_05470 MC45_13565
SPHITS85_19965
SSANNX02_21750
SNJA7E77_07315
SMYBJP26_02830
SPANAWL63_05670
SKRBRX40_04055
SPLMBXU08_14210
SPLKAV944_02080
SPKCKC8_14900
SPHCCVN68_14915
SPHFDM480_06200
SPHAD3Y57_11885
SPAUDRN02_013365
SLUTH9L13_06645
SRHIH9L12_01835
SLANGV829_05675
SDHH9L15_14575
SSEDH9L14_04435
SPAPH3Z74_20390
SXAFMM02_01285
SPAIFPZ24_14420
SPIIG7077_12815
SSING7078_04410
SSAUH8M03_07430
SARIH5J25_02990 H5J25_17505
SCHYGVO57_02525
SSUAFPZ54_15430
SJPSJA_C1-06860(crtZ)
SINBSIDU_10345
SCHSphch_2465
SSYSLG_38860(crtZ)
SYBTZ53_12060
SPMIK663_01820
SPHBEP837_01682(crtZ)
SPHRBSY17_1741
SPHTK426_03985
SHYDCJD35_06980
SYAA6768_24610
SPYGYGS_C1P3022
SUFLFIL70_17990
SBARH5V43_15660
SAMISAMIE_1024750
SPPHKFK14_03410
CIJWG74_11370
SPHGAZE99_11975
SFLASPHFLASMR4Y_03225
SPHYCHN51_10570
SPHLLPB140_02985
BLASBSY18_170
BFWB5J99_09865
SPZRG5C33_00940
PALGHFP57_12505
PARJJ4G78_06185
PHAOHF685_05995
SMICSmB9_24720(crtZ)
SPHSETR14_09415
SANDH3309_12330
POQKZX46_16530
AEPAMC99_01700
ALBAEB_P3199
ALHG6N82_04310
AAYWYH_00011
AMXAM2010_1583
ANHA6F65_02209
ADOA6F68_01016
TFVIDJ81_04550
CNAAB433_00865
CMANA9D14_03855
ERYCP97_11790
EGNBMF35_a0113
EFVCHH26_04735
ELIELI_03325
ELQGa0102493_111888
ERKCD351_13645
ERRDVR09_13315
ERFFIU90_13600
EMVHQR01_14705
PNSA9D12_01070
PORLBG023_112624
PHZCHX26_14205
POTE2E27_07850
RMTIAI58_06215
RAPRHOA_2894(crtZ)
PBRPB2503_11004
PARHI5S86_14820
AFOAfer_0482
AYMYM304_38780(crtZ)
TTHTT_P0059
TTJTTHB103(TTHB103)
TTSThthe16_2273
TTLTtJL18_2266
THCTCCBUS3UF1_10140
TOSTheos_1148
TAQTO73_1251
TBCA0O31_02533
SFCSpiaf_2627
SLRL21SP2_3046
DRCG0Q07_15420
CPICpin_5618
CBAECOR50_11725
CHIHGWR21_08620
CFILMYF79_01490
NKONiako_7021
FLASY85_20320
FGGFSB75_11335
ARKD6B99_09650
AGIFSB73_21680
ARACE0W69_006385
FLNFLA_3500
PSEGD3H65_25865
PGINFRZ67_12075
PGOFSB84_04680
FLSGLV81_02020
LACSH4075_02200
FEIK9M53_11650
FLPLK994_03530
FLCKJS93_20220
FLVKJS94_16655
HHYHalhy_4786
SGNSGRA_1065(crtR)
PHEPhep_2089
PEPAQ505_11340 AQ505_16675
PCMAY601_1640
PSTYBFS30_21610
PEJFYC62_10825
PEKFFJ24_024770
PROEH9L23_25235
PEXIZT61_10110
PSNPedsa_2221
SHTKO02_17325
SPHNBV902_21665
SMIZ4412673_01685 4412673_03992
SPSCE2P86_10980
SPHZE3D81_14240
SPHEGFH32_11680
SPDRG6053_06940
SDJNCTC13534_02176
STHANCTC11429_00224
SSPII6J01_13315
SMUII6J00_10315
SSIYJVX97_09625
MUPA0256_10220
MUCMuYL_4807
MGOTMgSA37_01906
MUHHYN43_019580 HYN43_020770
MGKFSB76_27665
MRUBDEO27_021535 DEO27_023120
MGOSDIU38_030940
MDJLLH06_02690
OLIFKG96_21300
SBXCA265_24200
CMRCycma_2040
CAMUCA2015_1983
BBDBelba_0853
EVIEchvi_1255
ESTDN752_12530
ECHIFKX85_04095
ALMAO498_03170
MDAIPZ59_03485
CHUCHU_2038(crtZ)
SLISlin_5702
SRDSD10_25615
SMONAWR27_22580
SPIRCWM47_15460
SPIKEXU85_01455
SPIBG8759_03835
STAEHNV11_21810
SRHOHH216_08635
PSEZHME7025_02277(crtZ)
RHOZGXP67_07555
DFEDfer_2033
DSNHWI92_08675
RSIRunsl_1382
RUNDR864_15725
RUPDTQ70_19700
EOLEmtol_1191
FAEFAES_0647
FIBA6C57_08780
ALSDJ013_12920
FLIFleli_3595
HSWHsw_1151
HYMN008_02220
HYDPK28_06780
HYEAM218_09430
HYGAUC43_16305
HYPA0257_09460
HYZAXW84_06225
HNVDDQ68_22065
HYHD3Y59_07900
HYJFHG12_02855
HQIH9L05_01315
HRSHER32_16935
HBNGUY19_07570
HTSHMJ29_13270
HMTMTP16_18155
PKOPKOR_22160
PACTCA264_10925
RUFTH63_10610
RTIDC20_01410
RUDTH61_00100
NIBGU926_05470
ADDHUW48_15860
ASWUHUW51_16645
MTTFtrac_1469
FPFDCC35_01750
FLMMY04_1511
FLLEI427_04955
FYAKMW28_08645
FKAKM029_05560
FBTD770_17105
CHKD4L85_20215
FUVJR347_10470
GFOGFO_2501(crtZ)
GRLLPB144_00250
GFLGRFL_0484
GRSC7S20_00840
FPSFP1451(crtZ)
FPCFPSM_01919
FPYFPG101_09570
FPOFPG3_04520
FPQIB65_06875
FPVIA03_06975
FPWIA04_06880
FPKIA06_06925
FPSZAMR72_05210
FJOFjoh_0059
FJGBB050_02444
FBRFBFL15_2142(crtZ)
FCOFCOL_07415
FINKQS_04640(crtZ)
FCMBIW12_02275
FFAFFWV33_16980
FATDVK85_13045
FKIFK004_18780
FPALHYN49_07850
FMGHYN48_07480
FALBHYN59_11330
FCRHYN56_00330
FSEDI487_03395
FSNGS03_02530
FNKE1750_06750
FAKFUA48_16905
FFLHYN86_00305
FENJ0383_15660
FCVAWN65_02760
FSDLXD69_00475
RBIRB2501_11837
ZPRZPR_0874
CATCA2559_00925
FBCFB2170_07634
MARMYQ22_13890
MARTBTR34_13870
MARBCJ263_01530
MAREEJ994_07515
CAOCelal_2445
CLYCelly_0461
CLHIX49_02010
CBALM667_09580
CBATM666_09505
KDIKrodi_1945
DOKMED134_13066(crtZ)
DDOI597_1408
DODDCS32_02100
LANLacal_0057
LVNBWR22_09840
LACICW733_07625
ZGAZOBELLIA_2972(crtZ)
MRSMurru_2223
MLTVC82_2329
MUTGVT53_02020
MAQILDL77_13745
SPONHME9304_02556(crtZ)
ASLAeqsu_0297
AEVEI546_03765
AICJK629_10095
PTQP700755_000614
NDODDD_2395(crtZ)
NOMAAT17_12190
NOBCW736_08195
NOJEJ995_11885
POMMED152_02565(crtZ1) MED152_02665(crtZ3)
POBLPB03_01840
PRNBW723_12540
POLABXQ17_04795
POACW731_04255
PHALH9I45_01440
PLITK8354_06350
PPECH9W90_03080
PBATJL193_00365
PCEAJ3359_04655
WINWPG_0039
WIJBWZ20_04010
SZEAW14_14155
AHZAPS56_04140
SYISB49_01455
TDIAUW17_01750
TENLPB136_09125
TJETJEJU_1860(crtZ)
TMARMARIT_0424
TMPF9Y86_09750
LULLPB138_00230
WFUAXE80_09110
FORFORMB_05000
FOHFORMA_06010
FOPFNB79_01990
SALTAO058_16785
SMISLDL76_00240
SEONBWZ22_12350
AALGAREALGSMS7_02442 AREALGSMS7_04935
OLLCW732_09555
OAQDZC78_15170
FEKC1H87_21130
TAJC1A40_13540
AUEC5O00_10050
KOSKORDIASMS9_03093
KANIMCC3317_47250
MARFCJ739_2846
AQBD1818_22395
AQAD1815_09775
AQDD1816_09570
EMARD1013_15315
MUREQY75_03135
PSYNE9099_00725
AFLAFHG64_14140
ANPFK178_00695
OCIFEZ18_00450
MGELG5B37_14090
MESQC7H62_2006
GAAHX109_10325
CAGGHYG79_01985
ALTIALE3EI_0048
MARXINR76_12940
LPALLDL79_13870
ASAGFGM00_11470
FLGLV716_01730
SABUMBM09_12285
ZSPMQE36_09990
BIAGMA17_02075
FBEFF125_10080
FBAFIC_01508
FBUUJ101_02156(crtZ)
EAOBD94_2900
EMNM876_11750
EENBBD30_12005
EMGBBD33_08465
EGOBBD34_03870
ELTFGE20_11585
CHZCHSO_3057(crtZ)
CHHA0O34_20910
CIOCEQ15_10455
CHRSEAG08_20225
CHRZCO230_04760
CARHEGY05_11720
CSHAEG350_11365
CNKEG343_20550
CJTEG359_04950
CCAUEG346_17375
CBENEG339_20015
CGLENCTC11432_00176
CTAINCTC12078_00726
CTAK4412677_00189
CSALNBC122_02081
CBPEB354_07210
CNPM0D58_01530
CCAOH5J24_07355
CJGNCTC13459_00882
CCASEIB73_01780
CANTNCTC13489_00929
KDAEIB71_09460
KHIEG338_00395
KBEJ4771_06455
EVAEIB75_07735
EZEKI430_02985
CNREB819_06250
EBVF0358_14025
EFALFH779_06970
FBOJ9309_10830
FTEFluta_0905
FLUCHH17_14995
CRMK6119_08815
OHOOweho_0789
CHYDH4K34_00080
BBAUAEM51_00155
PTOPTO1531
CDIVCPM_0972
SSOSSO2906(crtZ)
SOLSsol_0702
SSOASULA_0695
SSOLSULB_0697
SSOFSULC_0695
SSHIJ5U23_02088
SAISaci_1733(crtZ)
SACNSacN8_08425
SACRSacRon12I_08440
SACSSUSAZ_08240
SIAM1425_0409
SIMM1627_0423
SIDM164_0447
SIYYG5714_1669
SINYN1551_0909
SULABFU36_07020
MSEMsed_1074
MCNMcup_1040
MHKDFR87_06355
MPRUDFR88_01150
MTENGWK48_09955
MJNMjAS7_2116
AMANB6F84_05735
ABRIDFR85_14900
ASULDFR86_00640
ACIHHS5_02320(crtZ)
SACDHS1genome_2035
CSTYKN1_09420(crtZ)
STEPIC006_2248
SAHSHS7_13530(crtZ)
 » show all
Reference
1  [PMID:8798688]
  Authors
Sun Z, Gantt E, Cunningham FX Jr
  Title
Cloning and functional analysis of the beta-carotene hydroxylase of Arabidopsis thaliana.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 271:24349-52 (1996)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.271.40.24349
  Sequence
[ath:AT4G25700]
Reference
2  [PMID:9045623]
  Authors
Fraser PD, Miura Y, Misawa N
  Title
In vitro characterization of astaxanthin biosynthetic enzymes.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 272:6128-35 (1997)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.272.10.6128
Reference
3  [PMID:9523693]
  Authors
Fraser PD, Shimada H, Misawa N
  Title
Enzymic confirmation of reactions involved in routes to astaxanthin formation, elucidated using a direct substrate in vitro assay.
  Journal
Eur J Biochem 252:229-36 (1998)
DOI:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2520229.x
Reference
4  [PMID:9555077]
  Authors
Bouvier F, Keller Y, d'Harlingue A, Camara B
  Title
Xanthophyll biosynthesis: molecular and functional characterization of carotenoid hydroxylases from pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.).
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1391:320-8 (1998)
DOI:10.1016/S0005-2760(98)00029-0
  Sequence
Reference
5  [PMID:10524195]
  Authors
Linden H
  Title
Carotenoid hydroxylase from Haematococcus pluvialis: cDNA sequence, regulation and functional complementation.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1446:203-12 (1999)
DOI:10.1016/S0167-4781(99)00088-3
  Sequence
Reference
6  [PMID:12591618]
  Authors
Zhu C, Yamamura S, Nishihara M, Koiwa H, Sandmann G
  Title
cDNAs for the synthesis of cyclic carotenoids in petals of Gentiana lutea and their regulation during flower development.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1625:305-8 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0167-4781(03)00017-4
  Sequence
Reference
7  [PMID:16614859]
  Authors
Choi SK, Matsuda S, Hoshino T, Peng X, Misawa N
  Title
Characterization of bacterial beta-carotene 3,3'-hydroxylases, CrtZ, and P450 in astaxanthin biosynthetic pathway and adonirubin production by gene combination in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 72:1238-46 (2006)
DOI:10.1007/s00253-006-0426-2
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.14.15.24
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.14.15.24
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.14.15.24
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.14.15.24

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