KEGG   ENZYME: 1.14.15.7
Entry
EC 1.14.15.7                Enzyme                                 
Name
choline monooxygenase
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen;
With reduced iron-sulfur protein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen into the other donor
Sysname
choline,reduced-ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
choline + O2 + 2 reduced ferredoxin + 2 H+ = betaine aldehyde hydrate + H2O + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [RN:R05739]
Reaction(KEGG)
R05739;
(other) R07409
Substrate
choline [CPD:C00114];
O2 [CPD:C00007];
reduced ferredoxin [CPD:C00138];
H+ [CPD:C00080]
Product
betaine aldehyde hydrate [CPD:C07345];
H2O [CPD:C00001];
oxidized ferredoxin [CPD:C00139]
Comment
The spinach enzyme, which is located in the chloroplast, contains a Rieske-type [2Fe-2S] cluster, and probably also a mononuclear Fe centre. Requires Mg2+. Catalyses the first step of glycine betaine synthesis. In many bacteria, plants and animals, betaine is synthesized in two steps: (1) choline to betaine aldehyde and (2) betaine aldehyde to betaine. Different enzymes are involved in the first reaction. In plants, the reaction is catalysed by this enzyme whereas in animals and many bacteria it is catalysed by either membrane-bound EC 1.1.99.1 (choline dehydrogenase) or soluble EC 1.1.3.17 (choline oxidase) [7]. The enzyme involved in the second step, EC 1.2.1.8 (betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase), appears to be the same in plants, animals and bacteria. In some bacteria, betaine is synthesized from glycine through the actions of EC 2.1.1.156 (glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase) and EC 2.1.1.157 (sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase).
History
EC 1.14.15.7 created 2001, modified 2002 (EC 1.14.14.4 created 2000, incorporated 2002), modified 2005, modified 2011
Pathway
ec00260  Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
Orthology
K00499  choline monooxygenase
Genes
BFO118412207 118412208 118415993 118416715
BBEL109465524 109477047 109485443 109485538
SKO100369278 100373430 102802673
MSEX115454851
EAF111714065
ATHAT4G29890
ALY9303455
CRB17879326
CSAT104717208 104720068 104721871 104730332
EUSEUTSA_v10025251mg
BRP103861915
BNA106409283 106441014
BOE106304560
RSZ108807962 108852731
THJ104814643
CPAP110809807
CIT102612047
CICCICLE_v10008481mg
PVY116111560
MINC123194771
TCC18602728
GRA105779921
GHI107892700 107904302 107931614
GAB108457846
DZI111301775
EGR104435907
GMX100785909
GSJ114393718
PVUPHAVU_003G1401001 PHAVU_011G131100g
VRA106768131
VAR108322706
VUN114175893
CCAJ109811005
APRC113848372
MTRMTR_4g127130
CAM101512880
LJALj4g3v2139640.1(Lj4g3v2139640.1) Lj4g3v2139640.3(Lj4g3v2139640.3) Lj4g3v2139640.4(Lj4g3v2139640.4)
ADU107496483
AIP107642900
AHF112697419 112723613
LANG109362231
FVE101306145
RCN112197959
PPER18793375
PMUM103323632
PAVI110758439
PDUL117633478
MDM103453769
PXB103935767
ZJU107424321
MNT21389034
CSV101222314
CMO103487183
BHJ120072325
MCHA111007490
CMAX111484916
CMOS111464984
CPEP111779715
RCU8258071
JCU105635914
HBR110641114
MESC110618115
POP7485492
PEU105117127 105122571
PALZ118033642
JRE108980718
QSU112017484
QLO115976211
TWL119992540
VVI100256530
VRI117925712
SLY101249833 101261534
SPEN107024144 107025561
SOT102597733
SSTN125875798 125875800 125876598 125877600
CANN107855640
NTA107784251 107826106
NSY104210133
NTO104096725
NAU109215434
INI109177446
ITR116002469
SIND105173913
OEU111411686
EGT105949963 105950026
SSPL121752242
HAN110865691 110865695
ECAD122591352
LSV111902339
CCAV112506668
DCR108224719
CSIN114257288
BVG104884941 104897072
SOE110789163 110805105
CQI110688533 110710124 110716829
NNU104611397
MING122075397
TSS122662192
PSOM113299379 113358627
NCOL116250629
OSA9272377
OBR102701835
BDI100839185
ATS109778620
TDC119340424
TAES123148717 123160696 123167890
TUA125520965
SBI8063819
ZMA778432
SITA101767591
SVS117852131
PVIR120668659 120704364
PHAI112889400
PDA103715608
EGU105049342
MUS103992295
DCT110093278
PEQ110028759
AOF109842258
ATR18435669
SMOSELMODRAFT_114039 SELMODRAFT_116767
PPP112290899
MNGMNEG_3011
CSLCOCSUDRAFT_18274 COCSUDRAFT_34223
CVRCHLNCDRAFT_136500
BPGBathy08g03980
MISMICPUN_68852(TIC55-6)
MPPMICPUCDRAFT_3322(TIC55-1)
ACANACA1_362670
PMEXH4W19_11305
LABLA76x_3639
LAQGLA29479_794
LGULG3211_1575
LYTDWG18_07670
LUEDCD74_05725
LSOLGOY17_13305
LAREHIV01_007765 HIV01_016455
LHXLYSHEL_03350
LCASLYSCAS_03350
THESFHQ07_04025
THEHG7079_10410
TCNH9L16_10090
TBVH9L17_04120
XBCELE36_08825
RHDR2APBS1_0791
RTHLRK53_05485
DJICH75_07140
DJAHY57_18005
DTXATSB10_15560
DCSISN74_00110
DTLH8F01_04330
DTADYST_04533
XBAC7S18_13040
VAGN646_3147
VEXVEA_001292
VDBAL552_01525
VNAPN96_15090
VEJVEJY3_23216
VNLD3H41_24150
PGHFH974_08095
SKSFCN78_06125
PREPCA10_34420
PFUWKF707C_29970
PPUPP_5373
PPXT1E_3938
PMANOU5_0012
PDRH681_14490
PRHLT40_07110 LT40_07155
PALLUYA_14280 UYA_15230
PUMHGP31_12855
PSEJHNQ25_11285
PMAOPMYSY11_2127
PWZJ7655_09475
PTAENCTC10697_02148(bphA)
PAGRE2H98_12150
MARAD0851_01580
PALIA3K91_2009
PSYPE5677_03365
ABYABAYE1065
ABCACICU_02610
ABNAB57_2841
ABXABK1_2730
ABZABZJ_02804
ABRABTJ_01103
ABDABTW07_2858
ABHM3Q_2877
ABJBJAB07104_02768
ABAJBJAB0868_02650
ABWBL01_04860
ATNFM020_10760
AGYLFPL18_15225
AVZHWI77_11255
THAPFNC98_12560
PARTPARC_a1584
AMACMASE_12030
AMBAMBAS45_12580
AMGAMEC673_12345
AMKAMBLS11_11770
ALRDS731_18930
LPNlpg2218
LPHLPV_2472
LPOLPO_2288
LPULPE509_00879
LPMLP6_2189 LP6_2245
LPFlpl2143
LPPlpp2170
LPCLPC_1683
LPAlpa_03183
LPElp12_2210
LFALFA_2522
LHALHA_1122
LSHCAB17_01020
LLG44548918_00361(antA)
LJRNCTC11533_00376(andAc)
LCJNCTC11976_01580(bedC1_1) NCTC11976_03093(bedC1_2)
LWASAMEA4504053_2476(cbdA)
LSSNCTC12082_00671(antA)
LLYJ2N86_03025
SSALSPISAL_05370
HAZA9404_04240
HBEBEI_1543
MARSA8C75_00665
LLPGH975_07490
OCEGU3_07985
ZDFAN401_10810
TSNW908_01910 W908_05635
THINCRN91_04760 CRN91_08185
VFFVITFI_CDS1677
NBACUN60_08765
CVCBKX93_20840
CHROCXB49_14880
CHRIDK842_15180
CHRBDK843_20710
CRZD1345_15545
CHRMFYK34_02820
CHAECH06BL_32500
IODEJO50_06555
IFLC1H71_18225
LHKLHK_02124
PSENH8B_1599
JEUBJP62_02385
AQLBXU06_06080
AMAHDLM_1461
AQSDKK66_15890
DEEHQN60_13515
CHIZHQ393_04450
CFONHZU75_16840
VOGLCH97_02415
RSCRCFBP_11169
RSLRPSI07_1198
RSNRSPO_c01206(nagG)
RSMCMR15_11153
RSEF504_2183
RSYRSUY_12310
RPIRpic_2429
RPFRpic12D_2036
RPJN234_15485
RMNTK49_12005 TK49_14570
RINACS15_0946 ACS15_1617
RPUCDC45_11350
RSGJK151_08435
REHH16_A2735(h16_A2735)
CNCCNE_1c26320
CUHBJN34_14735
REUReut_A0879
RMERmet_2618
CTIRALTA_A2238
CBWRR42_m3054
CGDCR3_1966
CCUPBKK81_15355
CUPBKK80_16310
CUUBKK79_16645
CPAUEHF44_09930
COXE0W60_22930
BMABMAA0327
BMVBMASAVP1_1509
BMLBMA10229_1702
BMNBMA10247_A0361
BMALDM55_3411
BMAEDM78_4349
BMAQDM76_4108
BMAIDM57_13835
BMAFDM51_4059
BMAZBM44_3370
BMABBM45_4207
BPSBPSS1765
BPMBURPS1710b_A0845
BPLBURPS1106A_A2395
BPDBURPS668_A2537
BPSEBDL_5164
BPSMBBQ_4371
BPSUBBN_5224
BPSDBBX_4330
BPZBP1026B_II1892
BPQBPC006_II2363
BPKBBK_4491
BPSHDR55_3499
BPSABBU_4250
BPSOX996_5775
BUTX994_5336
BTEBTH_II0611
BTQBTQ_3904
BTJBTJ_4937
BTZBTL_3370
BTDBTI_5220
BTVBTHA_4480
BTHEBTN_5392
BTHMBTRA_5667
BTHADR62_5529
BTHLBG87_3359
BOKDM82_6040
BOCBG90_4625
BUUWS70_12080 WS70_26250
BSAVWS86_27935
BHGI6G56_26400
BVIBcep1808_4253
BVEAK36_4446
BURBcep18194_B2214
BCMBcenmc03_3651
BCHBcen2424_3876
BCJBCAM0908
BCENDM39_4272
BCEWDM40_3885
BCEOI35_4826
BAMBamb_3247
BACBamMC406_3773
BMUBmul_4823
BMKDM80_4039
BMULNP80_3844
BCTGEM_4874
BCEDDM42_4179
BCEPAPZ15_19885
BDLAK34_4543
BPYRABD05_17265
BCONNL30_07815
BUBBW23_4643
BDFWI26_18135
BLATWK25_22015
BTEIWS51_02055 WS51_02815
BSEMWJ12_24745
BPSLWS57_09520
BMECWJ16_23500
BSTGWT74_23720
BSTLBBJ41_32245
BANNJFN94_22135
BGLbglu_2g15970
BGUKS03_4343
BUGBC1001_3798 BC1001_4951
BGFBC1003_4543 BC1003_4988
BGDbgla_2g21330
BGOBM43_5806
BYIBYI23_B011180 BYI23_C004880
BUKMYA_4003
BUEBRPE67_BCDS14950 BRPE67_CCDS06850
BULBW21_4842
BUQAC233_05015 AC233_25180
BGPBGL_2c21480(cmo)
BPLAbpln_2g21680
BUDAQ610_28920
BUMAXG89_20320
BUIAX768_23230
BURKDM992_30180
BXEBxe_B2830
BXBDR64_1170 DR64_5159
BPHBphy_3951 Bphy_6040
BGEBC1002_5269 BC1002_6005 BC1002_6817
BPXBUPH_00372 BUPH_01516
BPYBphyt_2370 Bphyt_6784
BUZAYM40_22440
BFNOI25_5241
BCAIK788_0000381 K788_0007002
PSPWBJG93_20720 BJG93_28805
PARABTO02_20240 BTO02_21720
PARBCJU94_11720 CJU94_29520
PHSC2L64_31610 C2L64_42275
PTERC2L65_28345 C2L65_39345
PGPCUJ91_05500 CUJ91_31025
PCJCUJ87_10515 CUJ87_26880
PTSCUJ90_01915 CUJ90_24635
PCAFDSC91_002665 DSC91_002814
PMEGFNZ07_06475
PTROG5S35_22530
PGISI6I06_17565
PACPFAZ97_21970 FAZ97_30885
PACSFAZ98_17825
PEWKZJ38_23135 KZJ38_35920
PDIOPDMSB3_0225.1 PDMSB3_0909
BRHRBRH_01165
PNUPnuc_1707
PNEPnec_1425
PDQCL55_00017020
POHDPM16_06460
PTRPDCO17_08550
PPKU875_07995
PPNODA70_00695
PPNMLV28_05615
PRBX636_01635
PPULRO07_24550
PSPUNA29_12155
PAPISG18_20940 SG18_23865
PVEUC34_15995
POXMB84_11220 MB84_20860
PTXABW99_10570
PFGAB870_02920
PNRAT302_00060 AT302_16045
PANDDRB87_14870
PFIBPI93_012070
PCOMNTU39_17570
LMIRNCTC12852_02256(bedC1)
MCYSMCB1EB_0980
CABASBC2_49490(yeaW_1) SBC2_56870(yeaW_2)
BUOBRPE64_BCDS12160 BRPE64_CCDS08200
LIMNHKT17_10930
CARIFNU76_19690
BPCBPTD_2418(alcE) BPTD_2757
BPERBN118_0624 BN118_2546(alcE)
BPETB1917_1050 B1917_1401(alcE)
BPEUQ425_21640(alcE) Q425_25740
BPARBN117_1783 BN117_3411(alcE)
BPABPP2458 BPP3447(alcE)
BBHBN112_1609
BBRBB1906 BB3897(alcE)
BBMBN115_3131
BBXBBS798_1807 BBS798_3678(alcE)
BPTBpet3066
BAVBAV2180
BHOD560_2586
BHMD558_2568 D558_3369
BHZACR54_02938(bnzA)
BTRMSAMEA390648703742(bnzA)
BBROBAU06_17275
BFZBAU07_08895
BPDZBBN53_07330
BOHAKI39_16605
BGMCAL15_15235
BOJCBF45_05035
AXYAXYL_01828 AXYL_03066
AXONH44784_002721 NH44784_048391
AXNAX27061_1710 AX27061_2993
AXXERS451415_01705(bnzA_1) ERS451415_02971(bnzA_2)
ADTAPT56_08035 APT56_13385
AISBUW96_17255
ASWCVS48_27045
ACHRC2U31_14640 C2U31_19920
ACHBDVB37_07245
ADYHLG70_13945
TEQTEQUI_0087
TEAKUI_1081
TEGKUK_0226
TASTASI_1122
TATKUM_0299
PUTPT7_0460
PUSCKA81_07940
PUDG9Q38_12810
AKATKWG_08630 TKWG_15720
AMIMMIM_c14780 MIM_c25790
CDNBN940_12626
BPSIIX83_03695
AFAUZ73_06810
AFQAFA_03555
AAQUD3M96_04590
AAMMFE795_03565
ODIODI_R1582 ODI_R2475
BOZDBV39_01445
OURCEQ07_06990
PIGEGT29_18565
PACRFXN63_16890
KGYEHF36_05450
PARKLSG25_08600
RFRRfer_2878
RSBRS694_06595
RACRA876_05515
RHYRD110_19945
RHFEUB48_06540
RHGEXZ61_14430
RHOAHZ993_07800
POLBpro_1744
PNAPnap_1498
POSDT070_00380
POOF7R28_09065
PVACHC248_01014(yeaW)
AAVAave_2012
AJSAjs_1035
AAAAcav_3147
ACKC380_18035
ACRABSY15_400
ACIDCBP33_05710
ACIPCBP36_06150
ACINCBP34_05500
ACISCBP35_12795
ACIOEAG14_13275
AMONH9L24_21470
AANTHUK68_05570
ARADKI609_16985
VEIVeis_3280
DACDaci_2239
DELDelCs14_4449
DTSBI380_13035
DHKBO996_10445
DLAI6G47_13005
VAPVapar_1568
VPEVarpa_0147 Varpa_1723
VPDVAPA_1c16630
VAAAX767_15680
VBOCKY39_09795
VAMC4F17_10600
CTTCtCNB1_3526
CTESO987_20875
CKEB5M06_10415
CSERCCO03_11405
COFFOZ74_02735
CAQTKAQ61_03105
CODOLAD35_14665
ADNAlide_1113
ADKAlide2_3774
RTARta_13070
RTEAHK414_09390
OTOADJ79_11780
OTKC6570_14850
OTDJ1M35_15790
LIML103DPR2_01237(nagG_1)
LIHL63ED372_00719(nagG_1)
HYRBSY239_892
HYBQ5W_05200
HYLLPB072_14360
HYCE5678_07740
HPSEHPF_09380(bedC1)
HYNF9K07_10360
HTNKI616_16445
DPYBA022_10030
DIHG7047_16020
DAERH9K75_06755
DRGH9K76_05930
DIADtpsy_0953
MELMC7H73_12700
MELAC6568_13740
MJELVC68_04975
CBAASRAA_0399
CBABSMCB_0284
KIAG8A07_08620
STHMIS481_12960
PBHAAW51_1419
MPTMpe_A2634
METPC1M51_14970
RGERGE_16660
RBNRBXJA2T_00575
RDPRD2015_1647
MIUABE85_06125 ABE85_26515
SNNEWH46_03200
IDCLRM40_07200
ATERMW290_01350 MW290_17740
HARHEAR0275
MMSmma_0328
JAGGJA_4558
JABVN23_06135
JAZYQ44_23000
JALBZG29_05165
JSVCNX70_05240
JAJEKL02_17025
JASFJQ89_22235
JLVG3257_05330
HSEHsero_3834
HSZACP92_19120
HHTF506_02290
HRBHrubri_3797
HEEhmeg3_04800
HHFE2K99_19605
HFRG5S34_20920
CFUCFU_0731
CARELT85_0808
CPRACPter91_0852
MNRACZ75_14565
MASWAM586_05255
MASSCR152_07550
MTIMDIR46_09510
MASYDPH57_15350
MANCIV454_13460
MFYHH212_04045
MASZC9I28_06765
MALIEYF70_24215
MUMFCL38_01375 FCL38_25175
MFLAGO485_20545
MPLIE1742_20550
DUGHH213_15870
UPVEJN92_13335
UPIEJG51_015795
NOKFAY22_21695
GLCJQN73_11985
LCHLcho_3370
TINTint_1619
THITHI_1785
PKTAT984_03820
RGUA4W93_19430
AONDEH84_03315
XYKGT347_24155
TTWLCC91_06310
NEUNE1503
NETNeut_1680
NITNAL212_1941
NIINit79A3_2146
NCOAAW31_18325
NURATY38_10415
NSTNstercoris_00105
NMUNmul_A0233
SHDSUTH_02686(alcE)
METRBSY238_2599
DOEDENOEST_0974
TBDTbd_0882
MFAMfla_1711
MMBMmol_1371
MEHM301_0891
MEIMsip34_1564
MEPMPQ_1629(hcaE)
MBACBN1209_1002(hcaE)
MBATBN1208_0691
MEUACJ67_07410
SLTSlit_0703
GCAGalf_2272
FAMOYT1_ch2072
NIMW01_14860
NARCNTG6680_0419
FKUFGKAn22_07250
SEMEMIZ01_0638
SULFCAP31_03995
SPLBSFPGR_27870
SNIVSFSGTM_16300
SLACSKTS_12920
URUDSM104443_03370(yeaW_1) DSM104443_03855(yeaW_2)
UPLDSM104440_02876(yeaW_1) DSM104440_03415(yeaW_2)
DSUDsui_3507
ARESIWH25_17140
AIQAzoinq_03080
RBUPG1C_03840
OTROTERR_07960(alcE)
NIVJY500_06935
EBAebA4443
ABREpbN1_28820
APETToN1_11490
ATWC0099_12185
RBHB4966_04095
DARDaro_3058
DEYHYN24_04790
DDENKI615_15550
QAUKI612_06285
FLEKI610_07770
AZOazo1201(alcE)
AOAdqs_1316 dqs_2663
AZAAZKH_1190(alcE)
AZIAzCIB_3312
ACOMCEW83_06490 CEW83_07830
AZDCDA09_03305
AZRCJ010_07395
TMZTmz1t_1777
THUAC731_002280
TCLTchl_2482
THKCCZ27_10090
TAKTharo_1656
AZQG3580_14230
ZPAC3497_03850
FPHOSHINM1_002190
FMYHO273_10555
BPRCD521_1696
BEBAEM42_15380
BEBABWI17_07730 BWI17_10165
ALKALEK_1234
HOHHoch_1680
MAMMesau_02862
MERDEB233_05490
RPODE0E05_12260
ORMHTY61_02580
PLAPlav_0159
RBSRHODOSMS8_00764(bphA1)
STARG3545_20180
NOHG5V57_25260
RBMTEF_00600
PSFPSE_2431 PSE_4174
LABPFJ695_05045
CMBCSW64_03690
PZUPHZ_c0954
SITTM1040_2059
RUAD1823_20075 D1823_20660
RUTFIU92_19450(bphA1)
JANJann_1889
RDERD1_2816
RLIRLO149_c016240
RPONG3256_09705
DSHDshi_1782
PGAPGA1_262p01370
PGLPGA2_239p1550
PGDGal_03873
PHPPhaeoP97_03712
PPICPhaeoP14_03606
PHQD1820_17780
OATOAN307_c27810
OAROA238_c23350
OTMOSB_19220(antA)
OCTFTO60_09155
LMDMETH_16540 METH_21620
LEJETW24_21145
LAQUR2C4_00215
REDroselon_03134
SUAMBOO69_09795
SULZC1J03_13310
SULIC1J05_12730
SMEDJNX03_03460
SPSESULPSESMR1_01241(bphA)
TOMBWR18_05830
RMMROSMUCSMR3_03888(absAa)
ROKRAK1035_2731
RIDRIdsm_02489(cbdA) RIdsm_03092(antA_1)
ROMEI983_07465 EI983_07845
ROHFIU89_10865(bphA2)
AHTANTHELSMS3_03503(bphA)
THAACFI11_09555
OCDFHY55_02690
MALUKU6B_26300
PTPRCA23_c17030
RMBK529_003570
SEDIEBB79_17845
BOOE2K80_08230
PPRUFDP22_06635 FDP22_08650
PAEDG5B38_01545 G5B38_04020
POZI0K15_17280
CACTHZ995_09620
HDHG5B40_10935
GCEKYE46_12190
NSMJO391_19725
AMAQGO499_07035
MMRMmar10_0146
HYTHXX25_09320
CBOTATE48_12690
HGNE6W36_03590
ANHA6F65_00120(andAc)
HTQFRZ44_04790 FRZ44_14340 FRZ44_17970 FRZ44_41060 FRZ44_43410 FRZ44_50390
HADHFRZ61_14060 FRZ61_29210 FRZ61_39180 FRZ61_48900
PUBSAR11_1263
PEGE5R92_06900
APCHIMB59_00005300
APMHIMB5_00009080
APBSAR116_2539
SNEANBZ79_06340
HTLHPTL_0206
MPAMAP_4315
MAOMAP4_4441
MAVIRC58_22065
MAVURE97_22115
MAVMAV_5278
MITOCO_51180
MIAOCU_51110
MIDMIP_07746
MYOOEM_51900
MCHIAN480_26560
MIROCQ_52170
MMALCKJ54_24500
MMANMMAN_39520
MMMW7S_25660
MYVG155_10285
MYEAB431_22825
MSHGMSG_00156 MSG_02037
MFJMFLOJ_12260 MFLOJ_33890
MSTOMSTO_13490 MSTO_38030
MSIMMSIM_23190
MSAKMSAS_35260
MKUI2456_01315
MXEMYXE_34980
MNVMNVI_17630
MPAGC0J29_01210
MGORH0P51_01170
MCOOMCOO_47980
MSEOMSEO_40430
MPSEMPSD_53910
MGAUMGALJ_01920
MBRDMBRA_49530
MMAMK3U93_00565
MHOLK3U96_18240
MSENK3U95_19575
MPAEK0O64_22415
MSPGF6B93_00925
MPAAMKK62_17230
MCROMI149_22845
MFTXA26_21050
MPHLMPHLCCUG_01809(bedC1)
MRHMycrhN_6333
MAUUNCTC10437_05288(bedC1)
MMORMMOR_47750
MAICMAIC_40600
MALVMALV_17820
MGADMGAD_22070
MBOKMBOE_53970
MFGK6L26_22200
MFLVNCTC10271_03685(bedC1_1)
MCEEMCEL_18430
ROPROP_28570
RRT4535765_01569(bnzA_1)
RCRNCTC10994_01288(bphA_2)
GOMD7316_01273(bphA_1)
SCIB446_03190
STIRDDW44_00250
SFICEIZ62_01585
SSPODDQ41_12705
SCHACP983_39865
AABA4R43_07830
AMYYYIM_34185(nagG)
PSEAWY02_09430
PSEEFRP1_11935
PSEQAD006_19040
PECQAD017_26880
PHHAFB00_24580
PAUTPdca_49310
PBROHOP40_31370
KPHYAOZ06_25845
PMADBAY61_13365
SNASnas_2770
RXYRxyl_1560
AYMYM304_31260
AWAAA650_19295
RRSRoseRS_0979
RCARcas_3791
CAPCLDAP_18710
MRBMrub_0721
MREK649_03245
MSVMesil_2803
MTAIMtai_v1c04540
FGIOP10G_2737
GESVT84_20875(nagG)
GOGC1280_05450
GMSSOIL9_32690
FTJFTUN_7831
ULIETAA1_23430(andAc)
TSPHKIH39_05940
SUSAcid_2549
GPHGEMMAAP_15125
GGRHKW67_18670
GBAJ421_5229
RBARAWN76_013245
PSEGD3H65_03360
PGINFRZ67_12965
PGOFSB84_27820
FLCKJS93_20000
FLVKJS94_16345
HHYHalhy_6280
SCNSolca_1122
MUCMuYL_3105
MGOTMgSA37_02354(cbdA)
MGINFRZ54_18090
CHKD4L85_29875
FBCFB2170_03995
MAREEJ994_00685
SYISB49_10205
TJETJEJU_4115
MUREQY75_00765
ALTIALE3EI_0627
CPRVCYPRO_1992
 » show all
Reference
1  [PMID:16666757]
  Authors
Brouquisse R, Weigel P, Rhodes D, Yocum CF, Hanson AD.
  Title
Evidence for a Ferredoxin-Dependent Choline Monooxygenase from Spinach Chloroplast Stroma.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 90:322-329 (1989)
DOI:10.1104/pp.90.1.322
Reference
2  [PMID:12228495]
  Authors
Burnet M, Lafontaine PJ, Hanson AD.
  Title
Assay, Purification, and Partial Characterization of Choline Monooxygenase from Spinach.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 108:581-588 (1995)
DOI:10.1104/pp.108.2.581
Reference
3  [PMID:9096415]
  Authors
Rathinasabapathi B, Burnet M, Russell BL, Gage DA, Liao PC, Nye GJ, Scott P, Golbeck JH, Hanson AD
  Title
Choline monooxygenase, an unusual iron-sulfur enzyme catalyzing the first step of glycine betaine synthesis in plants: prosthetic group characterization and cDNA cloning.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:3454-8 (1997)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.94.7.3454
  Sequence
Reference
4  [PMID:9489025]
  Authors
Russell BL, Rathinasabapathi B, Hanson AD.
  Title
Osmotic stress induces expression of choline monooxygenase in sugar beet and amaranth.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 116:859-65 (1998)
DOI:10.1104/pp.116.2.859
  Sequence
[bvg:104897072]
Reference
5
  Authors
Nuccio, M.L., Russell, B.L., Nolte, K.D., Rathinasabapathi, B., Gage, D.A. and Hanson, A.D.
  Title
Glycine betaine synthesis in transgenic tobacco expressing choline monooxygenase is limited by the endogenous choline supply.
  Journal
Plant J 16:101-110 (1998)
Reference
6  [PMID:9881168]
  Authors
Nuccio ML, Russell BL, Nolte KD, Rathinasabapathi B, Gage DA, Hanson AD.
  Title
The endogenous choline supply limits glycine betaine synthesis in transgenic tobacco expressing choline monooxygenase.
  Journal
Plant J 16:487-96 (1998)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-313x.1998.00316.x
Reference
7  [PMID:12466265]
  Authors
Waditee R, Tanaka Y, Aoki K, Hibino T, Jikuya H, Takano J, Takabe T, Takabe T
  Title
Isolation and functional characterization of N-methyltransferases that catalyze betaine synthesis from glycine in a halotolerant photosynthetic organism Aphanothece halophytica.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 278:4932-42 (2003)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M210970200
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.14.15.7
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.14.15.7
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.14.15.7
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.14.15.7
CAS: 118390-76-4

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