KEGG   COMPOUND: C00042
Entry
C00042                      Compound                               
Name
Succinate;
Succinic acid;
Butanedionic acid;
Ethylenesuccinic acid
Formula
C4H6O4
Exact mass
118.0266
Mol weight
118.088
Structure
Reaction
Pathway
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00190  Oxidative phosphorylation
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00310  Lysine degradation
map00350  Tyrosine metabolism
map00360  Phenylalanine metabolism
map00361  Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00640  Propanoate metabolism
map00650  Butanoate metabolism
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map00760  Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
map00920  Sulfur metabolism
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01220  Degradation of aromatic compounds
map02020  Two-component system
map04024  cAMP signaling pathway
map04727  GABAergic synapse
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00027  GABA (gamma-Aminobutyrate) shunt
M00148  Succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)
M00149  Succinate dehydrogenase, prokaryotes
M00150  Fumarate reductase, prokaryotes
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00376  3-Hydroxypropionate bi-cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
Enzyme
1.2.1.16        1.2.1.24        1.2.1.79        1.3.1.6         
1.3.4.1         1.3.5.1         1.3.98.1        1.3.99.-        
1.14.11.1       1.14.11.2       1.14.11.3       1.14.11.4       
1.14.11.6       1.14.11.7       1.14.11.8       1.14.11.9       
1.14.11.10      1.14.11.11      1.14.11.12      1.14.11.13      
1.14.11.15      1.14.11.16      1.14.11.17      1.14.11.18      
1.14.11.20      1.14.11.21      1.14.11.24      1.14.11.25      
1.14.11.26      1.14.11.27      1.14.11.28      1.14.11.31      
1.14.11.32      1.14.11.35      1.14.11.36      1.14.11.37      
1.14.11.38      1.14.11.39      1.14.11.40      1.14.11.41      
1.14.11.42      1.14.11.43      1.14.11.44      1.14.11.45      
1.14.11.46      1.14.11.48      1.14.11.49      1.14.11.51      
1.14.11.52      1.14.11.55      1.14.11.56      1.14.11.57      
1.14.11.58      1.14.11.59      1.14.11.60      1.14.11.61      
1.14.11.62      1.14.11.63      1.14.11.64      1.14.11.65      
1.14.11.66      1.14.11.67      1.14.11.68      1.14.11.69      
1.14.11.70      1.14.11.71      1.14.11.72      1.14.11.73      
1.14.11.74      1.14.11.75      1.14.11.76      1.14.11.77      
1.14.11.78      1.14.11.79      1.14.11.-       1.14.20.1       
1.14.20.3       1.14.20.4       1.14.20.5       1.14.20.6       
1.14.20.7       1.14.20.8       1.14.20.9       1.14.20.10      
1.14.20.11      1.14.20.12      1.14.20.13      1.14.20.14      
1.14.20.15      1.14.20.-       2.5.1.48        2.5.1.-         
2.8.3.2         2.8.3.5         2.8.3.6         2.8.3.13        
2.8.3.15        2.8.3.18        2.8.3.20        2.8.3.22        
2.8.3.26        2.8.3.27        2.8.3.28        2.8.3.-         
3.1.2.3         3.1.2.13        3.5.1.18        3.5.1.96        
3.7.1.14        4.1.3.1         4.1.3.30        6.2.1.4         
6.2.1.5
 » show all
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   Dicarboxylic acids
    C00042  Succinate
Lipids [BR:br08002]
 FA  Fatty acyls
  FA01 Fatty Acids and Conjugates
   FA0117 Dicarboxylic acids
    C00042  Butanedionic acid
Other DBs
CAS: 110-15-6
PubChem: 3344
ChEBI: 15741
LIPIDMAPS: LMFA01170043
KNApSAcK: C00001205
PDB-CCD: SIN[PDBj]
3DMET: B00012
NIKKAJI: J2.879G
KCF data

ATOM        8
            1   O6a O    16.9400  -13.4400
            2   C6a C    18.1524  -12.7400
            3   C1b C    19.3649  -13.4400
            4   C1b C    20.5773  -12.7400
            5   C6a C    21.7897  -13.4400
            6   O6a O    23.0022  -12.7400
            7   O6a O    18.1524  -11.3402
            8   O6a O    21.7897  -14.8399
BOND        7
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     5   8 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00149
Entry
C00149                      Compound                               
Name
(S)-Malate;
L-Malate;
L-Apple acid;
L-Malic acid;
L-2-Hydroxybutanedioic acid;
Malate;
Malic acid
Formula
C4H6O5
Exact mass
134.0215
Mol weight
134.0874
Structure
Reaction
Pathway
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00680  Methane metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map02020  Two-component system
map04742  Taste transduction
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map04964  Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation
map05200  Pathways in cancer
map05211  Renal cell carcinoma
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00012  Glyoxylate cycle
M00168  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), dark
M00169  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), light
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00172  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NADP - malic enzyme type
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00346  Formaldehyde assimilation, serine pathway
M00373  Ethylmalonyl pathway
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00376  3-Hydroxypropionate bi-cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
M00740  Methylaspartate cycle
Enzyme
1.1.1.37        1.1.1.38        1.1.1.39        1.1.1.40        
1.1.1.82        1.1.1.299       1.1.5.4         1.1.99.7        
2.3.1.92        2.3.3.9         2.8.3.22        3.1.2.30        
4.1.1.101       4.2.1.2         6.2.1.9
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   Hydroxycarboxylic acids
    C00149  Malate; (S)-2-Hydroxybutanediate
Other DBs
CAS: 97-67-6
PubChem: 3449
ChEBI: 15589 30797
KNApSAcK: C00001192
PDB-CCD: LMR[PDBj]
3DMET: B00042
NIKKAJI: J74.430A
KCF data

ATOM        9
            1   C1c C    25.0942  -18.6205
            2   C1b C    26.2953  -19.3132
            3   C6a C    23.8998  -19.3132
            4   O1a O    25.0942  -17.2355
            5   C6a C    27.4897  -18.6205
            6   O6a O    22.7052  -18.6143
            7   O6a O    23.8360  -20.8303
            8   O6a O    28.6842  -19.3132
            9   O6a O    27.4834  -17.2355
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     1   3 1
            3     1   4 1 #Up
            4     2   5 1
            5     3   6 1
            6     3   7 2
            7     5   8 1
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00049
Entry
C00049                      Compound                               
Name
L-Aspartate;
L-Aspartic acid;
2-Aminosuccinic acid;
L-Asp
Formula
C4H7NO4
Exact mass
133.0375
Mol weight
133.1027
Structure
Remark
Same as: D00013
Reaction
Pathway
map00220  Arginine biosynthesis
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00260  Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
map00261  Monobactam biosynthesis
map00270  Cysteine and methionine metabolism
map00300  Lysine biosynthesis
map00340  Histidine metabolism
map00410  beta-Alanine metabolism
map00460  Cyanoamino acid metabolism
map00470  D-Amino acid metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00760  Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
map00770  Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
map00970  Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
map00997  Biosynthesis of various other secondary metabolites
map00998  Biosynthesis of various antibiotics
map00999  Biosynthesis of various plant secondary metabolites
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01210  2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
map01230  Biosynthesis of amino acids
map01240  Biosynthesis of cofactors
map02010  ABC transporters
map02020  Two-component system
map02030  Bacterial chemotaxis
map04080  Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
map04974  Protein digestion and absorption
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00016  Lysine biosynthesis, succinyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00017  Methionine biosynthesis, aspartate => homoserine => methionine
M00018  Threonine biosynthesis, aspartate => homoserine => threonine
M00029  Urea cycle
M00033  Ectoine biosynthesis, aspartate => ectoine
M00115  NAD biosynthesis, aspartate => quinolinate => NAD
M00119  Pantothenate biosynthesis, valine/L-aspartate => pantothenate
M00170  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase type
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00525  Lysine biosynthesis, acetyl-DAP pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00526  Lysine biosynthesis, DAP dehydrogenase pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00527  Lysine biosynthesis, DAP aminotransferase pathway, aspartate => lysine
M00844  Arginine biosynthesis, ornithine => arginine
M00845  Arginine biosynthesis, glutamate => acetylcitrulline => arginine
M00919  Ectoine degradation, ectoine => aspartate
Enzyme
1.2.1.-         1.4.1.21        1.4.3.2         1.4.3.16        
1.14.13.248     2.1.3.2         2.3.1.17        2.6.1.1         
2.6.1.12        2.6.1.31        2.6.1.35        2.6.1.57        
2.6.1.70        2.6.1.78        2.6.1.-         2.7.2.4         
3.5.1.1         3.5.1.7         3.5.1.8         3.5.1.15        
3.5.1.26        3.5.1.38        3.5.1.134       3.5.3.14        
3.5.5.4         4.1.1.11        4.1.1.12        4.1.1.15        
4.3.1.1         5.1.1.13        6.1.1.12        6.1.1.23        
6.3.1.1         6.3.1.4         6.3.2.6         6.3.2.29        
6.3.4.4         6.3.4.5         6.3.4.25        6.3.5.4
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Peptides
  Amino acids
   Common amino acids
    C00049  Aspartic acid (Asp)
 Hormones and transmitters
  Neurotransmitters
   Amino acids
    C00049  Aspartate
Risk category of Japanese OTC drugs [BR:br08312]
 Third-class OTC drugs
  Inorganic and organic chemicals
   L-Aspartic acid
    D00013  Aspartic acid (USP/INN)
Drugs listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia [BR:br08311]
 Chemicals
  D00013  L-Aspartic acid
Other DBs
CAS: 56-84-8
PubChem: 3351
ChEBI: 17053
KNApSAcK: C00001342
PDB-CCD: ASP[PDBj] IAS[PDBj]
3DMET: B00015
NIKKAJI: J9.169C
KCF data

ATOM        9
            1   O6a O    29.0500  -17.5000
            2   C6a C    30.2400  -16.8000
            3   C1c C    31.5000  -17.5000
            4   C1b C    32.6900  -16.8000
            5   C6a C    33.8800  -17.5000
            6   O6a O    35.1400  -16.8000
            7   O6a O    30.2400  -15.4000
            8   N1a N    31.5000  -18.9000
            9   O6a O    33.8800  -18.9000
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     3   8 1 #Down
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

KEGG   COMPOUND: C00036
Entry
C00036                      Compound                               
Name
Oxaloacetate;
Oxalacetic acid;
Oxaloacetic acid;
2-Oxobutanedioic acid;
2-Oxosuccinic acid;
keto-Oxaloacetate
Formula
C4H4O5
Exact mass
132.0059
Mol weight
132.0716
Structure
Reaction
Pathway
map00010  Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
map00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
map00250  Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
map00362  Benzoate degradation
map00470  D-Amino acid metabolism
map00620  Pyruvate metabolism
map00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
map00680  Methane metabolism
map00710  Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
map00720  Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
map00997  Biosynthesis of various other secondary metabolites
map00998  Biosynthesis of various antibiotics
map00999  Biosynthesis of various plant secondary metabolites
map01060  Biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites
map01061  Biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids
map01062  Biosynthesis of terpenoids and steroids
map01063  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from shikimate pathway
map01064  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine and nicotinic acid
map01065  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from histidine and purine
map01066  Biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from terpenoid and polyketide
map01070  Biosynthesis of plant hormones
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
map01120  Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
map01200  Carbon metabolism
map01210  2-Oxocarboxylic acid metabolism
map01230  Biosynthesis of amino acids
map01240  Biosynthesis of cofactors
map02020  Two-component system
map04922  Glucagon signaling pathway
map04964  Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation
map05230  Central carbon metabolism in cancer
Module
M00003  Gluconeogenesis, oxaloacetate => fructose-6P
M00009  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle)
M00010  Citrate cycle, first carbon oxidation, oxaloacetate => 2-oxoglutarate
M00011  Citrate cycle, second carbon oxidation, 2-oxoglutarate => oxaloacetate
M00012  Glyoxylate cycle
M00168  CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism), dark
M00170  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase type
M00171  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NAD - malic enzyme type
M00172  C4-dicarboxylic acid cycle, NADP - malic enzyme type
M00173  Reductive citrate cycle (Arnon-Buchanan cycle)
M00346  Formaldehyde assimilation, serine pathway
M00374  Dicarboxylate-hydroxybutyrate cycle
M00620  Incomplete reductive citrate cycle, acetyl-CoA => oxoglutarate
M00740  Methylaspartate cycle
Enzyme
1.1.1.37        1.1.1.38        1.1.1.40        1.1.1.82        
1.1.1.299       1.1.5.4         1.1.99.7        1.4.1.21        
1.4.3.1         1.4.3.2         1.4.3.15        1.4.3.16        
2.1.3.1         2.3.3.1         2.3.3.2         2.3.3.3         
2.3.3.5         2.3.3.8         2.3.3.16        2.6.1.1         
2.6.1.12        2.6.1.21        2.6.1.31        2.6.1.35        
2.6.1.57        2.6.1.70        2.6.1.78        2.6.1.-         
3.1.1.44        3.5.1.3         3.7.1.1         4.1.1.31        
4.1.1.32        4.1.1.38        4.1.1.49        4.1.1.112       
4.1.3.6         4.1.3.13        4.1.3.17        4.1.3.34        
4.2.1.32        4.2.1.81        4.3.1.16        4.3.1.20        
4.3.1.27        5.3.2.2         6.4.1.1         7.2.4.2
 » show all
Brite
Compounds with biological roles [BR:br08001]
 Organic acids
  Carboxylic acids
   2-Oxocarboxylic acids
    C00036  Oxaloacetate; 2-Oxosuccinate
Lipids [BR:br08002]
 FA  Fatty acyls
  FA01 Fatty Acids and Conjugates
   FA0117 Dicarboxylic acids
    C00036  2-Oxobutanedioic acid
Other DBs
CAS: 328-42-7
PubChem: 3338
ChEBI: 16452 30744
LIPIDMAPS: LMFA01170120
KNApSAcK: C00001197
PDB-CCD: OAA[PDBj]
3DMET: B00010
NIKKAJI: J5.675H
KCF data

ATOM        9
            1   O6a O    17.9200  -20.5800
            2   C6a C    19.1324  -21.2800
            3   C1b C    20.3449  -20.5800
            4   C5a C    21.5573  -21.2800
            5   C6a C    22.7697  -20.5800
            6   O6a O    23.9822  -21.2800
            7   O6a O    19.1324  -22.6798
            8   O5a O    21.5573  -22.6800
            9   O6a O    22.7697  -19.1801
BOND        8
            1     1   2 1
            2     2   3 1
            3     3   4 1
            4     4   5 1
            5     5   6 1
            6     2   7 2
            7     4   8 2
            8     5   9 2

» Japanese version

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