KEGG   DISEASE: Pediculosis
Entry
H01054                      Disease                                

Name
Pediculosis
  Subgroup
Pediculosis capitis (Head lice infestation)
Pediculosis corporis (Body lice infestation)
Description
Pediculosis is the result of infestation by Pediculus humanus capitis (head louse)  and Pediculus humanus corporis (body louse), sucking lice belonging to the family Pediculidae. Head louse is transmitted by close contact or by fomites such as combs. Transmission of body louse occurs mainly through contact with contaminated clothing or bedding. Body louse is major vectors of diseases such as epidemic typhus [DS:H00322], trench fever [DS:H00327], and relapsing fever [DS:H00427].
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Parasitic infections (animals)
  Infections caused by arthropods
   H01054  Pediculosis
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Parasitic diseases
   Infestations by ectoparasites
    1G00  Pediculosis
     H01054  Pediculosis
Pathogen
Pediculus humanus capitis (head louse)
Pediculus humanus corporis (body louse) [GN:phu]
Drug
Ivermectin [DR:D00804]
Lindane [DR:D00360]
Malathion [DR:D00534]
Benzyl alcohol [DR:D00077]
Spinosad [DR:D09384]
Abametapir [DR:D10687]
Comment
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) [CPD:C04623] powder was the treatment of choice during World War II, but the lice began to show resistance to this pesticide during the 1950s.
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1G00
ICD-10: B85
MeSH: D010373
Reference
  Authors
Ko CJ, Elston DM
  Title
Pediculosis.
  Journal
J Am Acad Dermatol 50:1-12; quiz 13-4 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/S0190
Reference
PMID:1693887
  Authors
Elgart ML
  Title
Pediculosis.
  Journal
Dermatol Clin 8:219-28 (1990)
Reference
  Authors
Nutanson I, Steen CJ, Schwartz RA, Janniger CK
  Title
Pediculus humanus capitis: an update.
  Journal
Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Panonica Adriat 17:147-54, 156-7, 159 (2008)
Reference
  Authors
Bope ET, Kellerman RD
  Title
Conn's Current Therapy
  Journal
Saunders (2012)

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