Contains FAD. Cholesterol oxidases are secreted bacterial bifunctional enzymes that catalyse the first two steps in the degradation of cholesterol. The enzyme catalyses the oxidation of the 3beta-hydroxyl group to a keto group, and the isomerization of the double bond in the oxidized steroid ring system from the Delta5 position to Delta6 position (cf. EC 22.214.171.124, steroid Delta-isomerase).
EC 126.96.36.199 created 1961, modified 1982, modified 2012