KEGG   DISEASE: Septic arthritis
Entry
H01442                      Disease                                
Name
Septic arthritis;
Pyogenic arthritis
Description
Septic arthritis is defined as a purulent infection in a joint cavity. The infection commonly reaches the joint in children by hematogenous spread or by direct extension of pathogenic bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae type-b, and Group A Streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Kingela kingae, Neisseria meningiditis and Salmonella spp. are the predominant anaerobic bacteria that cause arthritis in children. One of the most predominant aetiologic agent of septic arthritis in all age groups is Staphylococcus aureus. Also, Gonococcal arthritis can occur in sexually active adolescents.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by bacteria
   H01442  Septic arthritis
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 15 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system or connective tissue
  Arthropathies
   Infection related arthropathies
    FA10  Direct infections of joint
     H01442  Septic arthritis
Pathogen
Staphylococcus aureus [GN:sam]
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenza
Kingela kingae
Neisseria meningiditis
Salmonella spp.
Escherichia coli
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Neisseria gonorrhea
Other DBs
ICD-11: FA10
ICD-10: M00.9
MeSH: D001170
MedlinePlus: 000430
Reference
PMID:12528083 (pathogen)
  Authors
Bar-Natan M, Salai M, Sidi Y, Gur H
  Title
Sternoclavicular infectious arthritis in previously healthy adults.
  Journal
Semin Arthritis Rheum 32:189-95 (2002)
DOI:10.1053/sarh.2002.37284
Reference
  Authors
Brook I
  Title
Joint and bone infections due to anaerobic bacteria in children.
  Journal
Pediatr Rehabil 5:11-9 (2002)
DOI:10.1080/1363849021000007150

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