KEGG   DISEASE: 眼瞼炎
エントリ  
H01644                                                             

名称    
眼瞼炎
概要    
Blepharitis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the eyelids associated with itchiness, redness, flaking, and crusting. It is among the most common ocular conditions affecting both children and adults. The etiology is complex and not fully understood, but the general consensus is that bacteria and inflammation contribute to the pathology. Blepharitis can be classified into anterior blepharitis and posterior blepharitis. Anterior blepharitis describes inflammation of the eyelid skin and eyelash follicles and may be accompanied by squamous debris or collarettes. Anterior blepharitis has classically been associated with Staphylococcus infection and seborrheic dermatitis. Posterior blepharitis describes inflammation of the meibomian glands and their orifices and may be a result of or cause of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). MGD is one cause of posterior blepharitis but others include infectious or allergic conjunctivitis, and rosacea. The diagnosis of blepharitis is almost always based on the history and clinical examination. Long-term management of symptoms may include daily eyelid cleansing routines and the use of therapeutic agents that reduce infection and inflammation. Recent clinical trials have shown that antibiotics and topical corticosteroids can produce significant improvement in signs and symptoms of blepharitis.
カテゴリ  
神経系疾患
階層分類  
ヒト疾患 [BR:jp08402]
 神経系疾患
  眼疾患
   H01644  眼瞼炎
ICD-11 による疾患分類 [BR:jp08403]
 09 視覚系の疾患
  眼付属器または眼窩の疾患
   眼瞼または眼周囲の疾患
    9A01  眼瞼の感染性疾患
     H01644  眼瞼炎
    9A02  眼瞼の炎症性疾患
     H01644  眼瞼炎
治療薬   
プラノプロフェン [DR:D01578]
デキサメタゾン [DR:D00292]
デキサメタゾンリン酸エステルナトリウム [DR:D00975]
フルオロメトロン [DR:D01367]
クロラムフェニコール [DR:D00104]
ゲンタマイシン硫酸塩 [DR:D01063]
セフメノキシム塩酸塩 [DR:D01739]
アジスロマイシン水和物 [DR:D02134]
トブラマイシン [DR:D00063]
ジベカシン硫酸塩 [DR:D01753]
トリアムシノロンアセトニド [DR:D00983]
ロメフロキサシン塩酸塩 [DR:D00873]
レボフロキサシン水和物 [DR:D00588]
モキシフロキサシン塩酸塩 [DR:D00874]
ガチフロキサシン水和物 [DR:D00589]
エリスロマイシンラクトビオン酸塩・コリスチンメタンスルホン酸ナトリウム [DR:D04099]
クロラムフェニコール・コリスチンメタンスルホン酸ナトリウム [DR:D04106]
テトラサイクリン塩酸塩 [DR:D02122]
ヒドロコルチゾン [DR:D00088]
コルチゾン酢酸エステル [DR:D00973]
トリアムシノロン [DR:D00385]
ベタメタゾン [DR:D00244]
プレドニゾロン [DR:D00472]
プレドニゾロンコハク酸エステルナトリウム [DR:D01239]
メチルプレドニゾロン [DR:D00407]
メチルプレドニゾロン酢酸エステル [DR:D00979]
バンコマイシン塩酸塩 [DR:D00926]
リンク   
ICD-11: 9A01.3 9A02.1
ICD-10: H01.0 H01.1
MeSH: D001762
文献    
  著者
Duncan K, Jeng BH
  タイトル
Medical management of blepharitis.
  雑誌
Curr Opin Ophthalmol 26:289-94 (2015)
DOI:10.1097/ICU.0000000000000164
文献    
PMID:25284773 (description, drug)
  著者
Pflugfelder SC, Karpecki PM, Perez VL
  タイトル
Treatment of blepharitis: recent clinical trials.
  雑誌
Ocul Surf 12:273-84 (2014)
DOI:10.1016/j.jtos.2014.05.005

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